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Constitutional Sources of Law in the Russian Federation on the Basis of Acts Regarding the Conservation

Abstract

The constitutional catalogue of the sources of law, clear and unambiguous division of acts into commonly binding and internal ones, is of fundamental meaning for the realization of the state of law rules, i.e. legalism and the rule of law, from the perspective of European democracies. Since it is the essence of every democratic legislation to base its functioning on the law established by organs that have been assigned for that aim, binding its addressees and executed by public authorities, also with the use of the means of coercion.

This article aims at presenting the outline of the constitutional system of the sources of law in the Russian Federation and illustrating it, as much as it is possible, with acts regarding the conservation of the environment. In particular, the objective of this work is to determine the name of a given source, an organ competent to issue it, its function and position in the hierarchy, as well as the rule of promulgation. The key research issue here is the distinguishing between the sources of commonly binding law and the ones of internal law, as the regulation of the Russian Federation Constitution does not preordain explicitly. Yet this issue is of crucial significance when it comes to the status of law subjects. Acts of internal character may be directed merely at organizational units submitted to an organ issuing the acts and may not directly regulate the sphere of rights and obligations, neither constitute the bases of decisions concerning citizens, legal entities or other subjects.

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Legal Rules on the Protection of Animals in Hungary

regulation of nature conservation in the Hungarian People’s Republic, with special regard to the conservation areas. In Tamás, A.; Lodner, D. (eds.). Environmental control and policy: Proceedings of the Hungarian - Polish Seminar on the theoretical problems of environmental control and policy. Pécs: Centre for Regional Studies. Bochniarz, Z., Bolan, R., Kerekes, S., Kindler, J. (2003). Designing institutions for sustainable development in Hungary: Agenda for the future. Minneapolis - Budapest: Center for Environmental Studies. Gall, A. et al

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Legislation on The Protection of Agricultural Land in the context of the implementation of the Thematic Strategy for Soil Protection in Slovak Conditions

from 1.1.2014. Bratislava: ÚGKK SR. ISBN 9788085672985. [cit. 2014-05-14] Available at: http://www. skgeodesy.sk/files/slovensky/ugkk/kataster-nehnutelnosti/ sumarne-udaje-katastra-podnom-fonde/statisticka-rocenka-2013.pdf. 8. Act No. 220/2004 Coll., on the conservation and use of agricul- tural land, amending the Act No. 245/2003 Coll. on integrated pollution prevention and control, amending and supplementing of certain acts, as amended. 9. Government Regulation No. 488/2010 Coll., on the conditions for granting support in the form of direct payments to

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Application of Non-Project Measure of the Rural Development Programme 2014-2020 - Multifunctional Field Margins (Biostrips on Arable Land) in 2015 / Aplikácia Neprojektových Opatrení V Programe Rozvoja Vidieka 2014- 2020 – Multifunkčné Okraje Polí (Biopásy Na Ornej Pôde) V Roku 2015

References 1. BATARY, P. et al. 2015 The role of agri-environment schemes in conservation and environmental management. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12536. [cit. 2015-10-26] Available online at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12536/full. 2. EUROPEAN COMMISSION. 2010. The CAP towards 2020: meeting the food, natural resources and territorial challenges of the future, 18/11/2010 COM/2010/0672 fi nal, Brussels. 3. Rural Development Programme 2007 - 2013. 4. Rural

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Incorrect Methodology for Agri-Environmental Measure - Multifunctional Field Margins - As Limitation for Enhancement of Environment in Slovakia

References 1. Act No. 220/2004 Coll. on protection and sage of agricultural land as amended. 2. Act No. 597/2006 Coll. on the authority of state administration bodies in the area of plant varieties registration and introduction of plant reproduction material to the market. 3. BATÁRY, P. et al. 2015. The role of agri–environment schemes in conservation and environmental management. Conservation Biology. DOI: 10.1111/cobi.12536. [cit. 2015–10–26]. Available online: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cobi.12536/full . 4. Council

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Land Use Changes in Spain. Drivers and Trends in Agricultural Land Use

the Belgian Ardennes (1775–1929): model–based reconstruction vs. historical maps. Global Change Biology, 2002, vol. 8, no 7, p. 616–630. 21. RUIZ–BENITO et al. 2010. Land use change in a Mediterranean metropolitan region and its periphery: assessment of conservation policies through CORINE Land Cover and Markov models . Forest Systems, 19, 315–328. 22. SÁNCHEZ–HERNÁNDEZ, J. L. – APARICIO–AMADOR, J. – ALONSO–SANTOS, J. L. 2010. The shift between worlds of production as an innovative process in the wine industry in Castile and Leon (Spain). Geoforum

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European Union Water Policy in Aspect of Rural Areas Development

.11.2007). EC, 2010, Final Report from the Commission to the Council and the European Parliament: Second Follow-up Report to the Communication on water scarcity and droughts in the European Union (COM(2007)414 fi nal (COM(2010)228 of 18 May 2010). EC, 2012, A blueprint to Safequard Europe’s Water Resources - Consultation DocumentEuropean Commision - Directoriate- General Environment (http://ec.europa.eu/environment/ consultation/pdf/blueprint.pdf). Council Directive 79/409/EEC of 2 April 1979 on the conservation of wild birds (the Birds

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Qualification Requirements for Foreign Suppliers in Public Procurement – Evidence from the Czech Republic

). Evaluating the efficiency of public procurement contracts for cultural heritage conservation works in Italy: examining the use of locality in public procurement. Journal of Cultural Economics , 38(1), 43–70. Journal of the European Union. (2015). Judgment of the Court of 15 January 1998. Mannesmann Anlagenbau Austria AG a další proti Strohal Rotationsdruck GesmbH. Case C-44/96 . Retrieved February 15, 2015, from EUR-Lex [Legal Information System]. Jurčík, R. (2007). Zadávání veřejných zakázek a udělování koncesí v ČR a EU . Praha: C. H. Beck. Jurčík, R

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