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The place of community values within community-based conservation: The case of Driftsands Nature Reserve, Cape Town

References Berkes, F., 2007: Community-based conservation in a globalized world. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 104(39), pp. 15188-15193. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0702098104 Biodiversity Information System for Europe, sine anno: Ecosystem services. Available at: https://biodiversity.europa.eu/topics/ecosystem-services, DoA: 10.01.2018. Brockington, D., Duffy, R. and Igoe, J., 2008: Nature Unbound: conservation, capitalism and the future of protected areas

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Multiple-land use practices in transfrontier conservation areas: the case of Greater Mapungubwe straddling parts of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe

References Barrett, C.B. and Arcese, P., 1995: Are integrated conservation development projects (ICDPs) sustainable? On the conservation of large mammals in sub-Saharan Africa. In: World Development, Vol. 23(7), pp. 1073-1084. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0305-750X(95)00031-7 Bennett, G., 2004: Linkages in practice: a review of their conservation value. Gland: IUCN. Carruthers, J., 2006: Mapungubwe: an historical and contemporary analysis of a world heritage cultural landscape. In: Koedoe, Vol. 49(1), pp. 1

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‘The Mkuze River it has crossed the fence’ (1) – communities on the boundary of the Mkuze protected area

References Adams, W., 2004: Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation, London: Earthscan. Andrews, L., Higgins, A., Andrews, M. and Lalor, J., 2012: Classic Grounded Theory to Analyse Secondary Data: Reality and Reflections. In: The Grounded Theory Review, Vol. 11 (1), pp. 12-26. Anthony, B. and Szabo, A., 2011: Protected Areas: Conservation Cornerstones or Paradoxes? Insights from Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Africa and south-East Europe. In: Lopez-Pujol, J. editor, The Importance of Biological Interactions

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Local Tourism Initiative in an Eastern Himalayan Village: Sustainable Ecotourism or Small-scale Nature Exploitation?

%20Kenya.pdf, DoA: 12.11.2011. Barke, M. and Towner, J. , 2003: Learning from experience? Progress towards a sustainable future for tourism in the Central and Eastern Andalucian Littoral. In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism , Vol. 11 (2), pp. 162-180. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09669580308667201 Barna, C., Epure, M. and Vasilescu, R. , 2011: Ecotour-ism - conservation of the natural and cultural heritage. In: Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research , Vol. 1 (1), Pro Global Science Association, pp. 87-96. http://reaser.eu/RePec/rse/wpaper/9.pdf, DoA: 19

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Designing an Accountability Index: A Case Study of South America Central Governments

the actions taken to increase savings via conservation or increased efficiency? 68. Is information published on initiatives taken to promote products and services that are energy efficient or based on the use of renewable energies? 69. Is information published on reductions in energy consumption as a result of the above initiatives? 70. Is information published on the initiatives taken to reduce indirect energy consumption? 71. Is information published on reductions achieved by the above initiatives? 72. Is information published on the

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Catering for large numbers of tourists: the McDonaldization of casual dining in Kruger National Park

Recreation Administration, Vol. 19, No. 1, pp. 93-108. ISSN 2322-0899. McIntosh, A.J. and Prentice, R.C., 1999: Affirming authenticity: Consuming cultural heritage. In: Annals of Tourism Research, Vol. 26, No. 3, pp. 589-612. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0160-7383(99)00010-9 McIntyre, N., Jenkins J. and Booth, K., 2001: Global influences on access: The changing face of access to public conservation lands in New Zealand. In: Sustainable Tourism, Vol.9, No. 5, pp. 434-450. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10

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The Ironbridge Gorge Heritage Site and its local and regional functions

heritage presents: Temporality, meaning and the scope of heritage studies. In: International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 7, No. 4, pp. 319-338. Henderson, J., 2011: Understanding and using built heritage: Singapore’s national monuments and conservation areas. In: International Journal of Heritage Studies, Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 46-61. Littler, J. and Naidoo, R., 2004: White past, multicultural present: Heritage and national stories. In: Brocklenhurst, H. and Philips, R. editors, History, Nationhood and the question of Britain, pp. 330

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Identification of the spatial causes of urban sprawl with the use of land information systems and GIS tools

Abstract

Urbanization is one of the processes that determine the development of a country or a region, but it has both advantages and side effects. Some of its aspects may lead to unsustainable growth and dispersion of built–up area. The main causes of this process are increases in costs of transportation, infrastructure and nature conservation. There is a threat of uncontrolled spread of development as a result of urbanization processes, particularly in suburban municipalities. It has been requested by many researches that authorities put more interest in avoiding dispersed suburbanization, but they still are looking for better solutions, tools and procedures to solve this problem.

The aim of this article is to demonstrate the important role of spatial information from land information systems in identifying and predicting the causes of the development of dispersed built–up areas. Thanks to GIS instruments local authorities are more likely to preserve spatial order and avoid the side effects of “sprawling”.

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Agrotourism development in Ghana: A study of its prospects and challenges at Adjeikrom Cocoa Tour Facility

Abstract

Literature depicts agrotourism as a tool for environmental conservation and rural development. Nonetheless, there is a glaring lacuna in literature concerning agrotourism research from Western Africa. This paper seeks to contribute towards filling this gap in literature. The paper investigates the current situation of agrotourism at Adjeikrom in Ghana, the challenges facing Adjeikrom Cocoa Farm Tour Facility, the opportunities Adjeikrom offers as an agrotourism destination and the role of agrotourism in the socio-economic development of the people of Adjeikrom. Fifty questionnaires were administered to purposively selected residents from Adjeikrom, alongside interviews with the management of the agrotourism facility. The data were analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The study revealed that Adjeikrom Cocoa Farm Tour Facility is bereft with challenges such as inadequate skilled personnel, poor state of the Visitor Centre, incoherent marketing of the destination, inadequate Government support and low record of domestic tourists. The study maintains that the Adjeikrom Cocoa Farm Tour Facility has huge prospects for growth if the aforementioned challenges are addressed.

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Current analysis of orcharding in the Isparta Province (Turkey)

References Akbulut, M., 2008: Karadeniz Bolgesinin Meyve ve Sebze Muhafaza Potansiyeli (Conservation Potential for Vegetation and Fruit in Black Sea Region of Turkey - in Turkish). In: Bahce Urunlerinde IV, Muhafaza ve Pazarlama Sempozyumu, Antalaya: Akdeniz Universitesi Ziraat Fakultesi Bahce Bitkileri Bolumu, pp. 108-116. Almanac of Isparta, 1996. Anaç, D. and Çolak-Esetlili, B., 2012: Turkiye’de Toprak Verimliliğinin Gelişimi ve Tarihcesi (History and Development of Soil Fertility in Turkey - in Turkish

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