Breast Cancer among Urban Nigerian Women: Appraising Presentation and the Quality of Care
Introduction: Late presentation is the hallmark of breast cancer among Nigerians. Awareness of the disease is low and care of this condition has not received adequate attention from Government. Health education to improve awareness was intensified in the last 2 decades. This study aims to assess the current state of care and presentation of breast cancer in Lagos, Nigeria.
Patients and Methods: A prospective study of 350 breast cancer patients seen over a period of four years at a General Surgical unit out-patient clinic of LASUTH was carried out. Data on patient characteristics, presentation, diagnosis and treatment were obtained and analyzed.
Results: Average duration of symptoms was 46.48 weeks. One fifth presented within 3 months while 17% presented after 1 year. Lumps were self-detected in 96% and 287 (82%) presented with advanced disease (stages III & IV). Two hundred and thirty seven patients (67%) received treatment and 175 (74%) among them had mastectomy. None had breast conservation surgery. One hundred and fourteen patients (48%) absconded and did complete treatment.
Conclusion: The trend of late presentation has not changed with current efforts to improve breast cancer awareness. Quality of care for our breast cancer patients is not satisfactory and needs improvement.
N Visnovcova, M Simera, N Jr Visnovcova, V Jakusova and J Jakus
Breast Conservation Therapy
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Background and aims: Vitamin D status in many health managements have been researched extensively, but its dependence with obesity still remains controversial. This article is devoted to examination of blood cholecalciferol levels in Ukrainian population with establishment the association of cholecalciferol levels and body mass index (BMI). Materials and methods: For this observed investigation, data were collected during the summer 2017, over a period of one week from three township areas in Carpathian region, Ukraine from 304 adults aged 19-78 years. Measured variables contained 25(OH)D level, weight and weight applied to check BMI degree. The average level of vitamin D among adolescents presented 23.1 ± 8.2 ng/ml. Female gender was associated with lower vitamin D concentrations (22.9 ± 9.3 ng/ml vs. 26.2 ± 8.5 ng/ml for men). Among the participants, 74.4% had a BMNI of 25 kg/m2 and over, and in 27.3% of them the number was 30 kg/m2 and over. Results: Violation of vitamin D status was detected in 90.5% persons. 1.8% people had been identified as severe 25(OH)D deficiency. Measurement of cholecalciferol demonstrated meaningful connection between its level and BMI only in persons with BMI 25-29.9 kg/m2. Average vitamin D concentrations in persons with BMI over30 kg/m2 did not vary to a significant range from data in persons with normal body weight. Conclusions: Vitamin D status among the adolescents in Ukraine is far from optimum. Our results confirm reliable association between cholecalciferol level and BMI in persons with overweight. Interchange between conservation of vitamin D and BMI needs additional surveys.
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