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Investor-State Dispute Settlement and the Future of the Precautionary Principle

ensure the conservation and protection of natural resources and the environment , including a limitation on the availability, number and scope of concessions granted, and the imposition of a moratorium or ban; Id . art. 8.4.2(a) (emphasis added). Similarly, for the purposes of Section D of CETA (Investment Protection), Id . arts. 8.9-8.14. which includes the provisions for fair and equitable treatment, compensation, expropriation, transfers and subrogation, Id . arts. 8.10-8.14 respectively. a clarification is included at the beginning of the section: For

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Missed Opportunities, Good Intentions: The Takings Decisions of Justice Antonin Scalia

property than someone else’s, which is why the tort law is imposed for harms on strangers but never for self-inflicted losses. Ideally, therefore, these habitat conservation cases should always come out in the opposite direction under a rule that requires the government to pay for such restrictions. Under the current regime, however, landowners know that the government can swoop in at any moment and freeze land development due to environmental concerns. This fear of future, uncompensated restrictions creates a powerful incentive for individuals to proactively destroy

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The Trans-Pacific Partnership

health” and measures “related to the conservation of living or nonliving exhaustible natural resources”, TPP, supra note 24, art. 9.10.3(d)(ii), (iii). no general set of exceptions analogous to that in Article XX of the WTO’s General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) 1994 GATT, Doc LT/UR/A-1/A/1/GATT/2, signed Oct. 30, 1947, as incorporated in the Marrakesh Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, annex 1A, opened for signature Apr. 15, 1994, entered into force Jan. 1, 1995, 1867 U.N.T.S, 3. applies to the TPP investment chapter as a whole. These

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The Vaccine and Its Simulacra: Agnotology, Ontology and Biopolitics in France, 1800–1865

powerlessness of the anti-vaccinators From the 1880s, the arm-to-arm method of vaccination was abandoned. Vaccines were produced on heifers rather than humans. In the »vaccine institutes«, strict procedures limited the risk of contagion: disinfection of the lymph, microscopic examination, cultures and analysis of bacterial flora, refrigerated conservation, and test inoculation into rabbits and then a few children before general distribution of the vaccine pulp. Antoine Drouet, Instituts vaccinogènes et variole. Études statistiques portant sur la ville de Lyon, Lyon 1897

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Space and Administrative Boundaries at the Birth of the Italian Kingdom

the criteria that had led to the reform or conservation of the territorial districts«; this deficiency »caused very great inconvenience in every part of the administration, and even greater inconvenience to citizens, who have not found a guide to proceed through this tangle of jumbled divisions lacking any clear design«. Cesare Correnti / Pietro Maestri: Annuario statistico italiano. Anno II. – 1864, Torino 1864, p.45–46: »tante vorrebbero essere le topografie amministrative, quanti sono i ministeri: e ancora non basterebbe, dacchè Il ministero, per esempio, delle

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