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The goal of this paper is to analyse consumers’ behaviour, their attitudes towards eco-friendly products in conditions of Uzbekistan and identify any optimal solutions based on European experience. In definition of sustainable growth, along with other equally important aims of continuing development one may include the preservation of diverse eco-systems of a country. Giving up the nature for the sake of fast growth might lead to undesirable consequences, very much of it being experienced in wide range of emerging countries. One is government's efforts to encourage the standards with ecologically oriented quality control procedures by providing subsidies. There also might be protective measures limiting the waste produced by enterprises. This approach is called top-down approach. The other way is the bottom-up approach, where impact on consumers is created by state media or planned policy strategy promoting production of eco-friendly products. In my view, this is the long-term and most efficient approach where the desired result is achieved by the demand side.
The author discusses issues of sustainable development in rural areas in Poland from the perspective of natural resources management. Sustainable development of rural areas is the way of managing which links economic, social and ethical principles with ecological safety. This may be reached by proper management, directed on cautious usage of ecosystems’ self-controlling mechanisms, with the progress of science and technology. Agriculture in Poland is one of the most important sectors from an economic perspective and its importance is greater in Poland than in other countries in the EU. It has an influence not only on the social and economic situation of the rural population, but also on the natural environment, structure of landscape and biodiversity. From ecological point of view, functions of rural areas are not only being a place for production of food, resources for industry and green energy, but also supplying environmental goods such as protection of biodiversity and influencing air and water quality as well as landscape. The author presents ways to reduce the pressure of agricultural activities on water resources in the region, catchment and farm scale
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The study focuses on appearance and development of villa gardens which were established in the interwar period in the territory of the Czechoslovak Republic. In the introduction I outlined the historical context, which - to a certain extent - contributed to the development of villa gardens. Furthermore, in the introduction you may find a basic range of the current research work in the field. A special focus is dedicated to archive material retrieval. The field research chapter provides basic information on historical gardens preservation. The facts retrieved from archives and the field research define function, composition and contents of villa gardens. Varied range of information serves as basic literature which will be further exploited while formulating methodology procedures which can be adopted in conservation and maintenance of villa gardens in the period of the First Republic.
Gordana Dražić, Mirjana Aranđelović, Jelena Milovanović, Zuzana Jureková and Eleonóra Marišová
In accordance with priorities of sustainable development in Serbia, production and use of biomass is crucial for provision of annually renewable national sources of energy and for environmental quality conservation. Rural development has typically focused on improving agricultural production and promoting market orientation, however, as the examples of other countries in the EU accession process have shown (e.g. Slovakia), such an approach could threaten the survival of rural population. Biomass production is one of the key sectors with significant potential for diversification of rural economy. The results of multiannual research work supported by the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development of the Republic of Serbia through national scientific projects and several international initiatives are summarized in this paper. The research activities focus on Miscanthus × giganteus Greef et Deu. The production potentials of miscanthus on fertile and degraded soils were investigated since 2009 in experimental plots established on moderate and extremely degraded lands in Serbia, applying various agrotechnical measures in different ecological conditions. The results show that fertile agricultural land as well as moderate degraded areas provide suitable conditions for miscanthus biomass and viable rhizomes production for energy and ecoremediation purposes.
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