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The Vaccine and Its Simulacra: Agnotology, Ontology and Biopolitics in France, 1800–1865

powerlessness of the anti-vaccinators From the 1880s, the arm-to-arm method of vaccination was abandoned. Vaccines were produced on heifers rather than humans. In the »vaccine institutes«, strict procedures limited the risk of contagion: disinfection of the lymph, microscopic examination, cultures and analysis of bacterial flora, refrigerated conservation, and test inoculation into rabbits and then a few children before general distribution of the vaccine pulp. Antoine Drouet, Instituts vaccinogènes et variole. Études statistiques portant sur la ville de Lyon, Lyon 1897

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Space and Administrative Boundaries at the Birth of the Italian Kingdom

the criteria that had led to the reform or conservation of the territorial districts«; this deficiency »caused very great inconvenience in every part of the administration, and even greater inconvenience to citizens, who have not found a guide to proceed through this tangle of jumbled divisions lacking any clear design«. Cesare Correnti / Pietro Maestri: Annuario statistico italiano. Anno II. – 1864, Torino 1864, p.45–46: »tante vorrebbero essere le topografie amministrative, quanti sono i ministeri: e ancora non basterebbe, dacchè Il ministero, per esempio, delle

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