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Carnivores of the Tabuk Province, Saudi Arabia (Carnivora: Canidae, Felidae, Hyaenidae, Mustelidae)

REFERENCES A bbas F. I., B hatti Z. I., H aider J. & M ian A., 2015: Bears in Pakistan: distribution, population biology and human conflicts. Journal of Bioresource Management , 2 (2): 1–13. A bu B aker M., A l -O mari K., Q arqaz M., K haled Y., Y ousef M. & A mr Z., 2004: On the current status and distribution of Blanford’s Fox, Vulpes cana Blanford, 1877, in Jordan (Mammalia: Carnivora: Canidae). Turkish Journal of Zoology , 28 : 1–6. A l -J ohany A. M. H., 2007: Distribution and conservation of the Arabian leopard Panthera

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Bats of abandoned mining works of the Revúcka vrchovina Mts., central Slovakia (Chiroptera)


The aim of this study was to assess bat diversity and particularly, the significance of underground spaces for bats, in the Revúcka vrchovina Mts. We also studied foraging areas of R. euryale and M. schreibersii which form maternity colonies in the respective area. Considering the rich history of mining in the Revúcka vrchovina Mts. and the previously available faunistic data, the presence of yet undiscovered roosts and species was assumed. During a survey of the area in 2012–2014, altogether 248 new mining sites were traced and 16 species of bats were recorded to roost there. Miniopterus schreibersii, Rhinolophus hipposideros, and Barbastella barbastellus were dominant species and the latter two along with Rhinolophus ferrumequinum represented the most widespread species. Three wintering aggregations of Miniopterus schreibersii composed of 3500–5000 individuals each, and a wintering colony of Rhinolophus hipposideros composed of ca. 630 bats belong to the most significant results of the study. The existence of maternity colonies of Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus euryale was also confirmed in underground spaces in the region. The newly discovered occurrence sites of Miniopterus schreibersii and Rhinolophus euryale that shift the known margins of the species distribution ranges are of high importance. Data from telemetry tracking of these two species show that the territories where the particular individuals forage are rather extensive (>100 km2). According to these findings, practical conservation of the species and their habitats requires international cooperation.

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First records of bats from the Alatish National Park, north-western Ethiopia (Chiroptera)

conservation. Tropical Zoology , 9 : 73–164.

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Occurrence of large carnivores – Lynx lynx, Canis lupus, and Ursus arctos – and of Felis silvestris in the Czech Republic and western Slovakia in 2012–2016 (Carnivora)

/10133-monitoring_rysa_v_narodnich_parcich_sumava_a_bavorsky_les_2015_16.pdf B ufka L., H eurich M., E ngleder T., W ölfl M., Č ervený J. & S cherzinger W., 2005: Wolf occurrence in the Czech-Bavarian-Austrian border region – review of the history and current status. Silva Gabreta , 11 : 27–42. B ull J. K., H eurich M., S aveljev A. P., S chmidt K., F ickel J. & F örster D. W., 2016: The effect of reintroductions on the genetic variability in Eurasian lynx populations: the cases of Bohemian-Bavarian and Vosges-Palatinian populations. Conservation

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Student Fraternity of the Art Academy of Latvia “Dzintarzeme”: Latvian National Art Conservation Policy in Exile (1958–1987)


After the proclamation of the Republic of Latvia in 1918, Latvia experienced a rapid influx of youth into its capital city of Riga, looking to obtain education in universities. Students began to build their academic lives and student societies. In 1923, students of the Art Academy of Latvia founded the “Dzintarzeme” (“Amberland”) fraternity. The aim of “Dzintarzeme” was to unite nationally minded students of the Art Academy of Latvia and to promote the development of national art and self-education. Most “Dzintarzeme” members were faithful to the old masters and Latvian art. This phenomenon is significant, because “Dzintarzeme” members grew up with Latvian painting traditions, which are a remarkable heritage of interwar Latvia.

In 1940, when Latvia was occupied by the Soviet Union, “Dzintarzeme” was banned. A part of “Dzintarzeme” members were deported, killed in war, went missing, or stayed in the Latvian SSR; the remaining chose exile. Although scattered throughout the United States of America, Canada, and Australia, some members were able to rebuild and sustain the fraternity’s life, gathering its members, organising trips and anniversary art exhibitions.

The aim of this research is to reflect on “Dzintarzeme’s” activities in exile (1958–1987), focusing on the main factors of Latvian national art conservation policy: first, the ability of “Dzintarzeme’s” ideology to preserve the values of Latvian national art in an international environment, and second, the problem of generational change and the enrollment of young Latvian artists who continued to maintain “Dzintarzeme” values in exile.

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The effects of landscape structure and road topography on mortality of mammals: A case study of two different road types in Central Slovakia

REFERENCES A ment R., C allahan R., M c C lure M., R euling M. & T abor G., 2014: Wildlife Connectivity : Fundamentals for Conservation Action. Center for Large Landscape Conservation, Bozeman, Montana, 40 pp. B anister D., S tead D., S teen P., A kerman J., D reborg K., N ijkamp P. & S chleicher -T appeser R., 2000: European Transport Policy and Sustainable Mobility . E & FN Spon, London, 268 pp. B ateman P. W. & F leming P. A., 2012: Big city life: carnivores in urban environments. Journal of Zoology , London , 287 : 1

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They don’t live forever: How life history data and encounter probability help to assess success of Muscardinus avellanarius translocations (Rodentia: Gliridae)

an Isolated Woodland of Upper Lusatia ]. Unpubl. MSc. Thesis. Universität Zittau/Görlitz, 79 pp (in German). B right P. W. & M orris P. A., 1994: Animal translocation for conservation: performance of dormice in relation to release methods, origin and season. Journal of Applied Ecology , 31 : 699–708. B right P., M orris P. & M itchell -J ones T., 2006: The Dormouse Conservation Handbook. Second Edition . English Nature, Peterborough, 74 pp. B üchner S., 1998: Zur Ökologie der Haselmaus Muscardinus avellanarius ( L .) in einer

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Conspicuous body markings in infant Myotis emarginatus (Chiroptera: Vespertilionidae)

conservation. Lutra , 56 : 111–120. F laquer C., P uig -M ontserrat X., B urgas A. & R usso D., 2008: Habitat selection by Geoffroy’s bats ( Myotis emarginatus ) in a rural Mediterranean landscape: implications for conservation. Acta Chiropterologica , 10 : 61–67. G aisler J., 1971: Zur Ökologie von Myotis emarginatus in Mitteleuropa. Decheniana-Beihefte , 18 : 71–82. I ssel B. & I ssel W. 1953: Zur Verbreitung und Lebensweise der Gewimperten Fledermaus, Myotis emarginatus (Geoffroy, 1806). Säugetierkundliche Mitteilungen , 1 : 145

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Populations of Muscardinus avellanarius in north-western Europe can survive in forest poor landscapes, when there are enough hedges (Rodentia: Gliridae)

REFERENCES A jrapet ’ ânc A. E., 1983: Soni [ Dormice ]. Izdatel’stvo Leningradskogo Universiteta, Leningrad, 189 pp (in Russian). B right P. W., 1998: Behaviour of specialist species in habitat corridors: arboreal dormice avoid corridor gaps. Animal Behaviour , 56 : 1485–1490. B right P. & M ac P herson D., 2002: Hedgerow Management , Dormice and Biodiversity . English Nature Research Report 454. English Nature, Peterborough, 34 pp. B right P. W. & M orris P. A., 1996: Why are dormice rare? A case study in conservation

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What Muscardinus avellanarius like but consultants don’t: performance of nest boxes vs. nest tubes for translocations (Rodentia: Gliridae)

REFERENCES B right P. W. & M orris P. A., 1994: Animal translocation for conservation: performance of dormice in relation to release methods, origin and season. Journal of Applied Ecology , 31 : 699–708. B right P., M orris P. & M itchell -J ones T., 1996: A new survey of the dormouse Muscardinus avellanarius in Britain, 1993–4. Mammal Review , 26 : 189–195. B right P., M orris P. & M itchell -J ones T., 2006: The Dormouse Conservation Handbook. Second Edition . English Nature, Peterborough, 74 pp. B üchner S., K retschmar

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