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Water erosion on marl slopes and prevention of its effects using conservation of water and soil systems in the Wadi Isser watershed – Algeria

soil restoration in Algeria]. In: L’International Soil Conservation Organisation. Comptes rendus 14 e conférence de l’ISCO. 14–19.05.2006 Marrakech). H udson N.W. 1991. A study of the reasons for success or failure of soil conservation projects. FAO Soil Bulletin. Vol. 64 pp. 65. K ouri L., V ogt H., G omer D. 1997. Analyse des processus d'érosion hydrique linéaire en terrain marneux, bassin de l'oued Mina, Tell Oranais, Algérie [Analysis of the processes of linear hydric erosion in marl land, Mina wadi watershed, Oranais Hill, Algeria]. ORSTOM

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Effect of two management techniques applied to the reduction of Juncus maritimus (Lam.) abundance in a selected temporary wetland

]. Bulletin de l’Institut Scientifique Rabat. [Scientific Institute newsletter Rabat] Vol. 4. Iss. 7 supplement. B arbaro J., D utoit T., C ozic P. 2001. A six-year experimental restoration of biodiversity by shrub-clearing and grazing in calcareous grasslands of the French Prealps. Biodiversity and Conservation. Vol. 10. Iss. 1 p. 119–135. DOI 10.1023/A:1016629507196 B eja P., A lcazar R. 2003. Conservation of Mediterranean temporary ponds under agricultural intensification: An evaluation using amphibians. Biological Conservation. Vol. 114. Iss. 3 p. 317

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Evaluation of hydro-agricultural techniques and assessment of know-how implemented by traditional societies: Case of the region of Béni-Snous in the city of Tlemcen – Algeria

. Evolution des techniques de conservation des eaux et des sols en Tunisie [Evolution of water and soil conservation techniques in Tunisia] [online]. Bulletin du réseau Érosion. Gestion de la biomasse, érosion et séquestration du carbone (Actes2-séquestration du carbone et érosion des sols). [Access 10.12.2017]. IRD. Vol. 23 p. 625–635. Available at: http://www.dphu.org/uploads/attachements/books/books_1123_0.pdf D emmak A. 1982. Contribution à l’étude de l’érosion et des transports solides en Algérie septentrionale [Contribution to the study of erosion and solid

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Journal of Water and Land Development
The Journal of Polish Academy of Sciences Committee on Agronomic Sciences, Section of Land Reclamation and Environmental Engineering in Agriculture and Institute of Technology and Life Sciences in Falenty
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Effectiveness of Straw Mulch on Infiltration, Splash Erosion, Runoff and Sediment in Laboratory Conditions

runoff and sediment transport. In: Soil Erosion Research for the 21st Century. Proc. Int. Symp. Eds J.C. Ascough, D.C. Flanagan. St. Joseph, Mi, Usa, Asae p. 676–678. doi: 10.13031/2013.4842. Mioduszewski W. 2012. Small water reservoirs – their function and construction. Journal of Water and Land Development. No. 17 p. 45–52. Morgan R.P.C. 1978. Field studies of rainsplash erosion. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. No 3 p. 295– 299. Morgan R.P.C. 2004. Soil erosion and conservation. 3 rd ed. Longman Scientific and Technical, Burnt Mile, Harlow, Uk. Isbn

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Study on the Minimum Workings System and Fuel Consumption Influence

Abstract

Conservative systems are based on less intense soil loosening, carried out by different methods, without turning the furrow and only in the conditions of keeping a certain amount of vegetal residues at the soil surface; for that reasons are therefore considered to be ecological protection strategies. For this study the parcel of 118.78 ha was divided into two plots of 59.39 ha each. On the first plot (P1) the conventional soil works system was used, while on the second plot (P2) was used the system of minimum soil works. The methodology used was to analyze, synthesize and calculation of fuel consumption. Following the application of soil conservation systems, many benefits have been identified: - the time with soil tillage is reduced at 2-4 times;-the fuel consumption per unit area is reduced by 40-50%;- the number of agricultural machinery at the surface unit is reduced;-soil structure is rebuilt and surface and depth compaction is reduced;- the organic matter content from the soil is increased;- soil permeability for water is increased and global soil drainage is improved;

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Conservation of Fruit Tree Genetic Resources and Their Use in the Breeding Process

Abstract

Conservation of fruit tree biodiversity is important for the mankind according to the Convention on Biological Diversity. In Romania, due to favorable environmental conditions, numerous genetic resources of plum, apple, walnut, hazelnut, sweet chestnut and other

fruit crops are present. Identification, evaluation and conservation of fruit genetic resources activities were launched in 1970’ in order to limit the loss of the biodiversity due to erosion and genetic vulnerability. Fruit Growing Research & Extension Station (SCDP) of Valcea, which is belonging now to the University of Craiova, was assigned to deal with conservation of genetic resources for the Prunus, Juglans, Corylus and Castanea genera. As result, national hazelnut collection, the sweet chestnut collection and a part of the plum and walnut national collections are located here. Genetic resources of Malus, Pyrus, Sambucus, Carya and Salix are hold in the active collections too. The ex situ collections include 1160 accessions, out of those 48 species, 533 cultivars and 565 other types like hybrids, biotypes, mutants, etc. Autochthonous or ‘original’ accessions include 173 local cultivars and 565 other genotypes. Breeding activity based on valuable germplasm conducted to releasing of a total number of 31 cultivars and 8 rootstocks registered in the Romanian Official Catalogue for Varieties, 15 varieties have been patented in Romania and for one by CPVO. Identification, in situ evaluation, collection, ex situ evaluation, propagation and regeneration activities regarding fruit tree genetic resources have to be continued in order to conserve the local fruit tree biodiversity and to value it through breeding and use of the new varieties in the orchards.

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Using Water and Agrochemicals in the Soil, Crop and Vadose Environment (WAVE) Model to Interpret Nitrogen Balance and Soil Water Reserve Under Different Tillage Managements

: exploring the effects of different locations, climates and methods of analysis on model sensitivity to crop parameters. Environmental Modelling and Software. Vol. 25 p. 479–488. Duwing C., Normand B., Vauclin M., Vachaud G., Green S., Becquer T. 2003. Evaluation of the Wave model for predicting nitrate leaching for two contrasted soil and climate conditions. Vadose Zone Journal. Vol. 2(1) p. 76– 89. Erenstein O. 2003. Smallholder conservation farming in the tropics and subtropics: a guide to the development and dissemination of mulching with crop residues and cover

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Predicting water erosion in arid lands using the GIS-based RUSLE model: A case study of Bedour catchment, central Tunisia

. Sentinel-2 1c 10m resolution imagery [online]. [Access 13.07.2018]. Available at: https://scihub.copernicus.eu/dhus/#/home C ormary Y., M asson J. 1964. Etude de conservation des eaux et du sol au centre de recherches du génie rural de Tunisie. Application à un projet-type de la formule de pertes de sols de Wischmeier [Water and soil conservation study at the Tunisian rural engineering research centre. Application of Wischmeier’s soil loss formula to a typical project]. Cahiers ORSTOM. Série Pédologie. Vol. 2.No. 3 p. 3–26. D esmet P.J.J., G overs G

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