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University of Lisbon, Portugal, and the Virgínia Pontual, at Center of Arts and Communication of the Federal University of Pernambuco, Brazil. WORK IN PROGRESS Railways heritage; heritage conservation; theory of conservation; concepts of heritage; institutions The wide railway universe, with its particular and peculiar characteristics, requires the implementation of criteria to improve the identification and conservation of cultural goods. Recently concepts of authenticity, integrity and cultural significance have been identified as fundamental in the selection of the

References Berkes, F., 2007: Community-based conservation in a globalized world. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 104(39), pp. 15188-15193. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0702098104 Biodiversity Information System for Europe, sine anno: Ecosystem services. Available at:, DoA: 10.01.2018. Brockington, D., Duffy, R. and Igoe, J., 2008: Nature Unbound: conservation, capitalism and the future of protected areas. London, UK: Earthscan. Brown, K., 2003: Three challenges

References Barrett, C.B. and Arcese, P., 1995: Are integrated conservation development projects (ICDPs) sustainable? On the conservation of large mammals in sub-Saharan Africa. In: World Development, Vol. 23(7), pp. 1073-1084. DOI: Bennett, G., 2004: Linkages in practice: a review of their conservation value. Gland: IUCN. Carruthers, J., 2006: Mapungubwe: an historical and contemporary analysis of a world heritage cultural landscape. In: Koedoe, Vol. 49(1), pp. 1-13. Carruthers, J., 2009: National parks in South

Illegal Fishing. PLoS ONE 4, no. 2. Agnew D. J. Pearce J. Pramod G. Peatman T. Watson R. Beddington J. R. Pitcher T.J. 2009 Estimating the Worldwide Extent of Illegal Fishing PLoS ONE 4 2 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks. 1995. 2167 UNTS 3. Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to

private property of a third-party. The developer needs to remove the Atelier due to plans to expand the tenement houses located on the same plot. Because the building is not yet listed as a heritage building under conservation control, it can be demolished. However both sides, the developer and the Congregation of the Resurrection, are aware of the value of this place and they are considering agreeing on the relocation of the structure. This building has to be preserved as an example of the cultural heritage of Krakow, even if it means relocating the structure in its


The constitutional catalogue of the sources of law, clear and unambiguous division of acts into commonly binding and internal ones, is of fundamental meaning for the realization of the state of law rules, i.e. legalism and the rule of law, from the perspective of European democracies. Since it is the essence of every democratic legislation to base its functioning on the law established by organs that have been assigned for that aim, binding its addressees and executed by public authorities, also with the use of the means of coercion.

This article aims at presenting the outline of the constitutional system of the sources of law in the Russian Federation and illustrating it, as much as it is possible, with acts regarding the conservation of the environment. In particular, the objective of this work is to determine the name of a given source, an organ competent to issue it, its function and position in the hierarchy, as well as the rule of promulgation. The key research issue here is the distinguishing between the sources of commonly binding law and the ones of internal law, as the regulation of the Russian Federation Constitution does not preordain explicitly. Yet this issue is of crucial significance when it comes to the status of law subjects. Acts of internal character may be directed merely at organizational units submitted to an organ issuing the acts and may not directly regulate the sphere of rights and obligations, neither constitute the bases of decisions concerning citizens, legal entities or other subjects.

References Adams, W., 2004: Against Extinction: The Story of Conservation, London: Earthscan. Andrews, L., Higgins, A., Andrews, M. and Lalor, J., 2012: Classic Grounded Theory to Analyse Secondary Data: Reality and Reflections. In: The Grounded Theory Review, Vol. 11 (1), pp. 12-26. Anthony, B. and Szabo, A., 2011: Protected Areas: Conservation Cornerstones or Paradoxes? Insights from Human-Wildlife Conflicts in Africa and south-East Europe. In: Lopez-Pujol, J. editor, The Importance of Biological Interactions in the Study of Biodiversity, Manhattan: InTech

niepełnosprawnością − normalizacja jako narzędzie ideowe rehabilitacji podmiotowej. Człowiek, Niepełnosprawność, Społeczeństwo, 3 (25), 87-106. Frączek, A., & Zwoliński, M. (1999). Some Childhood Predictors of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) in Young Adults. A Follow-up Study. Polish Psychological Bulletin , 30 (4), 263-270. Heszek, I, & Sęk, H. (2007). Psychologia zdrowia . Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Hobfoll, S. E. (2001). The Influence of Culture, Community, and the Nested-Self in Stress Process: Advancing Conservation of Resources Theory. Applied Psychology: An

Kenya.pdf, DoA: 12.11.2011. Barke, M. and Towner, J. , 2003: Learning from experience? Progress towards a sustainable future for tourism in the Central and Eastern Andalucian Littoral. In: Journal of Sustainable Tourism , Vol. 11 (2), pp. 162-180. DOI: Barna, C., Epure, M. and Vasilescu, R. , 2011: Ecotour-ism - conservation of the natural and cultural heritage. In: Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research , Vol. 1 (1), Pro Global Science Association, pp. 87-96., DoA: 19 May 2014


The study deals with the activism of young Slovak people on the field of ecology and conservation of Slovak nature. As an example of this kind of activism Wolf - Forest Protection Movement was selected because it is the most active and most successful environmental organization in Slovakia. The main objective of this case study is to describe and analyse organisational structure and activities of Wolf on the background of wider general and theoretical framework what enables to classify this organisation in wide spectrum of youth activism, especially youth environmental activism in Slovakia. Apart from theoretical approach, organisational structure and broad range of activities of Wolf the study presents also political and civic attitudes of its young members, financing of the organisation and attractiveness of Wolf to young people in Slovakia.