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Disrupting video game distribution
A diachronic affordance analysis of Steam’s platformization strategy

, which are usually more relevant in the context of online social networks (OSNs). For instance, users could now make their current activity status private or only visible to friends. This change has been documented on tech blogs like Polygon ( For all other features and feature changes of the Steam client analyzed in this article, URLs to contemporary websites that substantiate the claims have been collected in the sample data set available online at Moreover, they were

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Digital payments for a digital generation
Disruptive technology in book and local newspaper industries

of them as an advantage. Thirdly, addressing the issue of paid and unpaid distribution, 22 per cent of the members of Generation Z use local online news that requires payment and 71 per cent claim to read less local news since their local newspaper introduced online payments, while over half of them said that they use other sources for news since the implementation of paywalls by their local newspaper. Generation Z is significantly different from the population aged over 30 years regarding the unpaid consumption of books. Of Generation Z, 10 per cent stream

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How streaming services make cinema more important
Lessons from Norway

between 18 per cent and 23 per cent of the market. However, the dominant home video platform in 2010, DVD and Bluray, which then held a market share of 34 per cent, was diminished to only 5 per cent in 2016. During the same time period, SVOD grew from 1 per cent to 31 per cent and claimed the position as the dominant channel. Consumer spending on SVOD services experienced a major increase around 2012, when Netflix was launched in Norway. The other streaming services, EST and TVOD, which mainly offer films for purchase and rental, also increased their market share over

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Disrupting journalism from scratch
Outlining the figure of the entrepreneur–journalist in four French pure players

competition. “Disruption” has since become a very popular word amongst the adepts of innovation in news, often quoted at journalism conferences and festivals as well as in experts’ reports. Some examples: The New York Times Innovation report leaked in 2014 and the Reuters Institute Digital Journalism reports of 2016, 2017 and 2018. The word has been used both as a threat and as a goal for news outlets. Consequently, in the same report, one can read the claim that “disruptive forces […] have taken hold of our industry” ( Innovation , New York Times report, 2012: 12

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