Based on interviews, this article explores how obstetrician-gynaecologists in Switzerland deal with and respond to the risk of malpractice claims. It describes the factors associated with the interviewees’ perceived increasing risk of litigation, as well as three attitudes towards the use of consent forms as a means of managing such a risk. This article suggests that the perceived risk of claims is closely linked to the physicians’ perception of how external regulation shapes their professional autonomy.
Karin Schwiter, Katharina Pelzelmayer and Isabelle Thurnherr
This article analyses Swiss media coverage of 24 hours care between 2003 and 2013. Based on a discourse analysis we observe that the dominant media discourse speaks of a booming market that criticises agencies, victimises carers and idealises home care. In our discussion we analyse these results with a focus on the so-called blind spots of this media discourse. In particular, we challenge the claim of a boom in 24h care, shed light on the negative aspects of home care, and address the ignored responsibility of the family as employer.
Der Text basiert auf den vorläufigen Befunden aus einer qualitativen Langzeitstudie zur gesellschaftlichen Positionierung von Jugendlichen ausländischer Herkunft in der Schweiz. Er präsentiert drei wesentliche Grundmuster in den Haltungen der Jugendlichen gegenüber einer Einbürgerung in die Schweiz: Anspruch, Irrelevanz und stolzer Verzicht. Die unterschiedlichen Einbürgerungsstrategien werden in ihrer engen Verknüpfung mit der Selbst-Positionierung der jungen Menschen im sozialen Raum sowie als Strategie im Kontext restriktiver und ethnisierter Einbürgerungspolitik diskutiert. Die Deutungen und Strategien der Jugendlichen weisen zum einen auf Mechanismen der Reproduktion wenig privilegierter Positionen im (transnationalen) sozialen Raum über Staatsbürgerschaft hin, zeugen zum anderen aber auch vom Bedeutungswandel und -verlust der Institution Staatsbürgerschaft auf gesellschaftlicher Ebene.
Bargain, Olivier, Herwig Immervoll, and Heikki Viitamäki. 2012. No Claim, No Pain. Measuring the Non-Take-Up of Social Assistance Using Register Data. The Journal of Economic Inequality 10(3): 375–395.
Baumberg, Ben. 2016. The Stigma of Claiming Benefits: A Quantitative Study. Journal of Social Policy 45(2): 181–199.
Becker, Irene and Richard Hauser. 2005. Dunkelziffer der Armut. Ausmass und Ursachen der Nicht-Inanspruchnahme zustehender Sozialhilfeleistungen. 1. Aufl. Berlin: edition sigma.
BFS. 2013. Regional Portraits
Psychoanalysis 39: 350–371.
Brand, Fridolin S. and Kurt Jax. 2007. Focusing the Meaning(s) of Resilience: Resilience as a Descriptive Concept and a Boundary Object. Ecology and Society 12(1): 23.
Carel, Havi. 2008. Illness. Durham: Acumen.
Castel, Pierre-Henri. 2012. La fin des coupables. Paris: Ithaque.
Cavell, Stanley. 1979. The Claim of Reason. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Cyrulnik, Boris. 2006. De chair et d’âme. Paris: Odile Jacob.
Cyrulnik, Boris. 2004. Parler d’amour au bord du gouffre. Paris: Odile Jacob
group they favoured.
Rawls’ claim is, then, that the principles of social justice can only be worked out by individuals, intellectuals, law-makers, benign governments and so on, to the extent that they approximate being selfless or identity-less reasoners. That, however, means that dialogue among such individuals is not necessary because, stripped of all their differences, such reasoners are identical. One reasoner can, in theory, come up with the just solution without there having to be a dialogue among all the citizens. Moreover, behind the Veil of Ignorance, the
“paradoxes and anomalies” rather than as “coherent narratives” (p. 3). To explore this claim, the book is divided into five analytically discrete but empirically overlapping themes: American identity, nation-building, world relations, immigration, and state power.
As with so many works on citizenship, Momen begins by turning, albeit briefly, to the classical essay by T.H. Marshall. It would have been beneficial for what follows to appreciate that however important Marshall’s essay is, it does not attempt to address citizenship as a totality, but rather is concerned about
its use as a typological tool to point out grounded facts, this has given way to thinking about diaspora as a social process ( Anthias 1998 ; Alexander 2010 ; Kalra, Kaur and Hutnyk 2005 ) or a “stance” ( Alexander 2017 ) that offers a more critical theoretical engagement with difference. Understanding diaspora not just as a given category but as an active, self-fashioning and political “stance” becomes useful to understanding how participants in my study create and fashion diasporic affiliations and develop markers of identity in order to make certain claims
and political rights, since no citizen can be free and exercise their political rights unless they are educated and safe from the extreme effects of the free market. In other words, social rights addressed social inequality in ways that allowed citizens to be citizens and are therefore fundamental to citizenship. However, although historically civil rights, or liberty, provided the basis for political rights, now this situation is reversed, as we see that political rights, i.e. participation in the political decision-making process, allow certain groups to claim an