2017 claims that corporate reporting on non-financial information has been currently gaining much more interest compared to the past. Most food enterprises believe that performing responsibly and showing an interest in society and the environment will result in some profit and will benefit them as well as society. Thus, the study focused on managerial reporting of 2017 regarding the social and environmental effects of food companies in Slovakia. The research covered all of the food enterprises operating in Slovakia that compiled annual reports for 2017. In total, 142
; Michelino et al., 2014 ; Schroll and Mild, 2011 ). The publications by Chesbrough (2003) and Chesbrough and Crowther (2006) indicate that openness to innovation is mainly characteristic for large enterprises from high-tech sectors. This view was also shared by Bianchi (2011) , who claimed that large enterprises implemented this concept on average 1.5 times more frequently than SMEs. Furthermore, Sandulli (2012) pointed out that larger enterprises were often more willing to collaborate with others in the scope of innovation compared to smaller businesses. However
the management domain of a product lifecycle and on the relationships with stakeholders in the market. The digital solutions of Industry 4.0 change humans as consumers and affect their work processes and behaviour. Moreover, considering the extremely dynamic and even exponential development of technology and its impact on society, one can claim that changes also occur in the areas of marketing activities and marketing tools aiming to adapt them to the new reality of today’s markets ( Daviy et al., 2017 ; Sterev, 2017 ; Mazurek, 2019 ; Mazurek and Nosalska, 2018
Road transport is showing growth in the period of globalization. Its task is to transport cargo as well as people to the required location within the shortest possible time and at the lowest price. Thus, road transport plays a crucial role in enabling the globalization to be developed and improved. However, the internal combustion engine hat prevail among the vehicles of freight and passenger transport are the producers of gaseous emissions from the exhaust gases. Many developed countries of the world has committed themselves, inter alia also trough the Paris Agreement, to reduce global warming, and thus to reduce the production of harmful gaseous emissions. The result is the endeavour to replace the internal combustion engine vehicles that burn carbon fuels with the vehicles powered by electric motors consuming electric energy. The reason of such trying claims that road transport using the internal combustion engine vehicles is environmentally aggressive, and the problem would not be solved by implementation of the vehicles with electric motors. Such claim is based on the fact that an electric car does not produce any of primary emissions. From an overall perspective, it is also necessary to take into account secondary emissions that are produced during the electric energy production by which is the vehicle with electric motor powered. The purpose of this article is to assume the possibility of reducing global pollution by replacing the internal combustion engine vehicles with the vehicles powered by electric motors in dependence with producing the emissions during the production of electric energy.
in terms of the innovation criterion, demand, socio-ethical aspects, usability and functionality
According to Fig. 1 , the technology was ranked the best in terms of its functionality. The average assessment of respondent compliance with claims regarding the functionality of the technology was 5.82 (on a scale from 1 to 7). On the other hand, the average assessment of respondent compliance with statements regarding innovation amounted to 4.87. Respondents also highly rated the technology of personal care robots for older adults in terms of demand. The
Officer who was responsible for the F5, T1 and E1 attributes. In medium-sized enterprises, the responsibility attributes were identical to other analysed financial indicators (e.g. KPI 8).
KPI 9 represents one of the most modern and the most sophisticated indicators which is supposed to become a highly important and significant metric measuring business performance of human resources in the future. Kronos Corporation from the USA (American Experts at Improving the Performance of People and Business) claimed that effective labour contribution was accomplished when
Beata Ślusarczyk, Muhammad Haseeb and Hafezali Iqbal Hussain
, decentralisation and independence play vital roles in increasing the complete industrial performance ( Ivanov et al., 2016 ). The systems of CPS are skilled in enhancing output, increasing development, adapting the performance of company workforce, and constructing high-quality goods with minor costs by gathering and examining information ( Rüßmann et al., 2015 ), which positively affects the performance of companies. Jazdi (2014) showed the CPS application by demonstrating its features, work procedures, and various advanced methods. Ivanov, Dolgui et al. (2016) claimed that
towards SSCOs and would use the technology again, citing being in control, able to scan at one’s own pace as the main reason for future use. These findings reinforced the previous commentary given in the research and the commentary given in the literature, namely, that respondents used SSCOs for convenience and to save time ( Turner & Borch, 2012 ; Lee et al., 2010 ; Dabholkar, Bobbitt & Lee, 2003 ; Fitzsimmons, 2003 ; Meuter et al., 2000 ). Of the minority of respondents whose opinions had changed following repeated use of SSCOs, many reiterated the claim that the
define the concept of a “smart city” focused on the technological aspect. For example, Peng, Nunes and Zheng (2017) defined a “smart city” as a city using a set of advanced technologies, such as wireless sensors, smart meters, intelligent vehicles, smartphones, mobile networks or data storage technologies. In turn, Guo et al. (2017) claimed that a “smart city” is urban development based on the integration of many information and communication technology (ICT) solutions to manage the city’s resources. These definitions of a “smart city” emphasise the role of
The paper analyses technical equipment of the selected dairy farms. Data from questionnaires carried out in 96 farms in 2015 constituted a research material. Municipalities Lszewo-Borki in Mazowieckie Voivodeship were covered by the survey. A survey questionnaire, which consisted of two parts, was a research instrument. The first concerned general information on a farm and its owner, and the other consisted of eight questions on technical equipment used for breeding dairy cows. The research allowed to determine that farmers assessed the condition of their machinery park as average (50%) or good (40%). One out of ten farmers claimed that the used machinery park in a farm is in a bad condition. Majority of respondents have allotted from PLN 20 to 50 thousand for investments related to enhancement of a machinery park within the last 5 years. On the other hand, a considerable part of farms allotted up to PLN 20 thousand for development of a machinery park. The investigated group included also farms, which allotted more than PLN 500 thousand for development of a park.