Search Results

1 - 10 of 307 items :

  • Business and Economics x
Clear All
Modeling the Frequency of Auto Insurance Claims by Means of Poisson and Negative Binomial Models

References Allain, E., and Brenac, T., 2012. Modèles linéaires généralisés appliqués à l'étude des nombres d'accidents sur des sites routiers: le modèle de Poisson et ses extensions. Recherche Transports Sécurité, 72, 3-18. Antonio, K., Frees, E. W., and Valdez, E. A., 2012. A multilevel analysis of intercompany claim counts. ASTIN Bulletin, 40(1), 150-177. Antonio, K., and Valdez, E. A., 2010. Statistical concepts of a priori and a posteriori risk classification in insurance. Advances in Statistical Analysis

Open access
Problems of Real Estate Management with Respect to Claims for Restitution of Expropriated Properties

Gospodarowania Mieniem Publicznym, W: Rola Danych Geodezyjnych W Wybranych Procesach Gospodarki Nieruchomościami (The Effect Of The Claims Lodged By Former Real Property Owners On Public Property Management Process, In: The Role Of Survey Data In Selected Real Esate Management Processes, ) Rzeszów, Wyższa Szkoła Inżynieryjno-Ekonomiczna Rzeszów, Higher School Of Engineering And Economics) Trembecka A., 2015, Gospodarka Nieruchomościami. Teoria I Praktyka (Real Estate Management. Theory And Practice) Kraków, Wydawnictwa Agh (Agh Publishing House), P. 271

Open access
Claiming too much, delivering too little: testing some of Hofstede’s generalisations

God, vis vitalis , genes, biology-based evolutionary determinism, economic substructure. Stanley Lieberson asks sceptically whether there are social forces ‘so powerful and overwhelming that no other conditions can deter their influence’ (1992: 7). The claim that such social generalizations exist is strongly contested. Talcott Parsons, for instance, stated that he was ‘resolutely opposed to single factor explanations of phenomena in the world of human action’ (1978: 1358) (see also Popper, 1957 ; MacIntyre, 1985 ; ; Byrne and Ragin, 2009 ). However, given the

Open access
Directions in the Development of Commercial Insurance in Poland and Lithuania

Abstract

This article analyses trends in the development of the commercial insurance market in Poland and in Lithuania over the last decade. The insurance market changed in the 2002-2011 period. Those changes can be seen in various fields of commercial insurance. Data on the number of insurers, total premiums written, and the trends in claim payments and claim ratios were used to perform a market trend analysis.

It should be emphasized that Poland experienced the results of the financial crisis in the insurance market later than Lithuania, which is visible in specific ratios under analysis. In Lithuania, in terms of insurance expenditures, non-life insurance products are definitely more popular, while in Poland life insurance plays the most important role. Poles buy most life insurance from group 1, and Lithuanians from group 3. In the case of non-life insurance, motor vehicle insurance (third-party liability insurance and casco (collision/personal liability insurance)) and property insurance are the leading forms of insurance purchased by both Poles and Lithuanians, as well as other Europeans

Open access
Urban land restitution in Cape Town: demanding the return of land rights in Constantia and Kensington/Ndabeni

: Cash as compensation in South African land restitution. In : Canadian Journal of African Studies, Vol. 38 (3), pp. 672-687. Buford, W. and Van der Merwe, H., 2004: Reparations in Southern Africa. In Cahiers d’études Africaines, 44 (1-2). Available at: http://www.csvr.org.za/docs/ reconciliation/reparationsinsouthernafrica.pdf. DoA: 16 January 2014 Carruthers, J., 2000: Urban Land Claims in South Africa: The Case of Lady Selborne Township, Pretoria, Gauteng. In : African Historical Review, Vol. 32 (1), pp. 23

Open access
Economic Factors in the Process of Calculation of Annuities in Bodily Injury Compensation Claims Under Liability Insurance

Bibliography Butt Z., Haberman S., Verral R., 2008, Calculating compensation for loss of future earnings: Estimating and using work life expectancy, Journal of the Royal Statistical Society, 37. GenRe, 2014, A Comparison of Compensation for Personal Injury Claims in Europe , 2014, http://www.genre.com/knowledge/publications/claimsfocus-pc-201309-en.html . Insurance Europe, 2016, European Motor Insurance Markets , 2016, https://www.insuranceeurope.eu/european-motor-insurance-markets . Jędrzychowska A., 2017, Compensation for those

Open access
Structure of the Passive Side of a Bank’s Balance Sheet Versus the Pari Passu and No-Creditor-Worse-Off Rules

Abstract

The passive side of a bank’s balance sheet is characterized by considerable variety. Additionally, the intention of the supervisors is that the bank losses are covered according to a specific order, which foresees that the owners are the first to be exposed, followed by the creditors (but some of the bank’s liabilities are essential for the continuation of the operations and it is not recommended that they are redeemed or converted into shares). The sequence of covering losses expected in the supervisory regulations is often inconsistent with the order resulting from the hierarchy of claims established in the bankruptcy law. In such a situation, implementing actions involving the write-down or conversion into shares of subsequent categories of debt may entail breaking the basic principles of bankruptcy and resolution law: the pari passu and no-creditor-worse-off rules. The purpose of the article is to identify situations in which the indicated rules are breached, as well as to review and evaluate national solutions that have been implemented to ensure compliance with the above mentioned rules. To this end, the relationship between the structure of the passive side of the bank balance sheet, supervisory regulations in the area of capital adequacy and the resolution principles were analyzed. As a result, four situations have been identified where there is a risk of breaking the already mentioned rules. The review of national solutions implemented to address the problem suggests that they lead mainly to its shift to the next category in the claims’ hierarchy, but does not eliminate it. A similar effect is also provided by the amendment of the BRR Directive, which aims mainly to harmonize solutions introduced at national level.

Open access
Simulative Verification of the Possibility of using Multiple Regression Models for Real Estate Appraisal

, pp 355—369. K okot S., D oszyń M., 2011, Ekonometryczna wycena nieruchomości w aspekcie twierdzenia Frischa – Waugha – Stone’a (Econometric valuation of real estate in terms of Frisch-Waugh-Stone’s claim), Studia i Materiały Towarzystwa Naukowego Nieruchomości, vol. 19 no 3, Olsztyn, pp. 49-58. K ucharska _S tasiak E., 2006, Nieruchomość w gospodarce rynkowej (Real estate in a market economy), Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN, Warszawa. K ucharska -S tasiak E., 2016, Ekonomiczny wymiar nieruchomości (Economic dimension of real estate

Open access
Insurance Industry in Selected Transition Countries

Abstract

The growth and development goals of a national economy are successfully achieved through implementation of a properly selected investment policy, and for that reason, foreign investments are one of the main fundamental means for reaching the goals of economic and regional development. The insurance is one of the industries that have gone furthest ahead in globalization of the world markets. The main focus of this article is the insurance industry and economic development of the selected transition countries, some of them already members of the European Union, others still in the EU accession procedure. The importance of the insurance industry can be seen in the results of the displayed types of insurance in the period from 2010 to 2014. Transition countries may expect a significant encouragement to economic development by investments in the insurance industry. The subject of this study is to determine if these expectations are met or the improvements are achieved only in the domain of types and ways of selling insurance products.

Open access
Access Pricing Under Imperfect Competition Reconsidered

Abstract

This paper claims that Onemli’s results published in “Access Pricing under Imperfect Competition”, Review of Economic Perspectives, 2012, are incorrect. Contrary to Onemli, we claim that in an industry, where a monopoly incumbent produces a key input used by itself and its competitors on a downstream market which is Cournot oligopoly, the regulator should set the second-best access charge such that the incumbent’s total profit is zero if the first-best access charge is not feasible. The competitors’ ability to produce the key input themselves does not change the outcome since no competitor chooses to use this option under this regulation. We also discuss some limitations of the Onemli’s model.

Open access