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Infrastructure Development and Property Sales in Low Income Residential Properties in Bulawayo

values in Unity Estate Lagos, International Journal of Economy, Management and Social Sciences, 5 , 195–205. Ajibola M. O., Oluwunmi A. O. and Eguh O. (2012). Examining the Factors Contributing to Affordable Housing in Kosofe Local Government Council Area, Lagos, Nigeria, Journal of Asian Business Strategy , 2 (10). Arnold K., le Roux A., and Hattingh M. (2017). Impact of Gautrain Stations on Property Prices and Sales Activity in the City of Johannesburg between 2006 and 2015, South African Journal of Geomatics, 6 (2). https://doi.org/10.4314/sajg.v6i2

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Competitive Strategies of Croatian Small Familyrun Hospitality and Catering Enterprises

Abstract

The subject of this paper is examining ways of creating strategic competitiveness in Croatian small family-run catering enterprises. Competitive advantage is necessary if the enterprise wants to survive on the market. Selection of a business strategy is an important factor because a company’s positioning is determined by profitability that can be above or below the industry average. Economic reality of the largest number of the world’s economies is characterized by domination of family-run businesses. This is followed by the growing interest in determining the importance of family-run businesses to national economies, the ways of their participation, and finding problems which they have to deal with. Family entrepreneurship represents a special area of small entrepreneurship in Croatia. This work presents core characteristics of entrepreneurship in Croatia, defined as family-run enterprise, along with its features, with special interest on some of the more important characteristics of family entrepreneurship. The main goal of this paper is to examine and analyze all the features of business strategies that generate a competitive advantage. An empirical online survey was conducted in 2015 among sixty Croatian small family-run catering enterprises. Over 40% of respondents believe that the government should facilitate an easier and more long-term administration for entrepreneurs. Research has also shown that the sustainability of competitive advantage lies in adapting to guest wishes.

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Online Marketing Issues of Real Estate Companies: A Case of Latvia

=lv. Peterson, R. A., & Merino, M. C., (2003). Consumer information search behavior and the Internet. Psychology and Marketing, 20(2), 99-121 Razali M. N., Manaf Z., Yassin, A. M. &Pahat, B., (2010). Internet business strategies by property companies in Asia. Property Management. 28(4), 270-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/02637471011065692 Razali, M. N., Rahman, R. A., Adnan, Y. M., & Yassin, A. M. (2014) The impact of information and communication technology on retail property in Malaysia. Property Management, 32(3), 193

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A Model to Measure the Performance of Human Resources in Organisations

Abstract

The economic crisis, demography, technology, globalization etc. are all factors which will influence the organizational structures and business strategies. A new business strategy will require, among others, that passive Human Resources Management (HRM) change into an active one with a decisive influence upon business. The vision of an active HRM requires that HR information (IT) dedicated systems assist human resources managers in their decision-making. The existing IT systems predominantly manage the salary calculations and, possibly, the employee's professional development, two of the tasks that a human resources manager has to pursue. However, tasks such as assisting, consulting and engaging the human resources in the organization are equally important. IT systems must also develop into these directions. The present paper proposes a solution to measure the performance of human resources by creating an employee performance indicator (EPI). The paper first describes the economic phenomenon involved in the HR performance process, then the mathematical model is formulated, the algorithm is implemented, the solution of the model is analysed from a technical and economic point of view, and finally the decision is made. We use the weighted arithmetic mean to compute the EPI indicator and the correlation formula to establish the degree of relevance between the EPI indicator and the variables involved in the model. An implementation in R is given.

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From School Benches Straight to Retirement? Similarities and Differences in the Shopping Behaviour of Teenagers and Seniors in Bratislava, Slovakia

-301. Ng, C. F. (2003): Satisfying shoppers’ psychological needs: From public market to cyber-mall. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(4): 439-455. Pak, C., Kambil, A. (2006): Over 50 and ready to shop: serving the aging consumer. Journal of Business Strategy, 27(6): 18-28. Parment, A. (2013): Generation Y vs. Baby Boomers: Shopping behavior, buyer involvement and implications for retailing. Journal of retailing and consumer services, 20(2): 189-199. Pattanaik, S., Mishra, B. B., Moharana, T. R. (2017): How Consumer

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The Impact of Consumer Green Behaviour on Green Loyalty Among Retail Formats: A Romanian Case Study

(4): 567-582. Chen, Y.-S. (2010): Towards Green Loyalty: Driving from Green Perceived Value, Green Satisfaction, and Green Trust. Sustainable Development, 21(5): 294-308. Cherian, J., Jacob, J. (2012): Green marketing: A study of consumers’ attitude towards environmentally friendly products. Asian Social Science, 8(12): 1-18. Chkanikova, O. (2016): Sustainable purchasing in food retailing: Interorganizational relationship management in green product supply. Business Strategy and the Environment, 25(7): 478

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The influence of age factors on the reform of the public service of Ukraine

://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/muy071 Nagy, J., Oláh, J., Erdei, Máté, D. and Popp, J. (2018). The role and impact of industry 4.0 and the internet of things on the business strategy of the value chain – the case of Hungary. Sustainability , 10(10), 3491, 1–25. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103491 . 10.3390/su10103491 Nagy J. Oláh J. Erdei Máté D. Popp J. 2018 The role and impact of industry 4.0 and the internet of things on the business strategy of the value chain – the case of Hungary Sustainability 10 10 3491 1 25 https://doi.org/10.3390/su

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Building partnerships with suppliers as a new trend in management

Abstract

The main objective of the paper is to show the importance of building partnerships with suppliers, and to present the results of research verifying the following hypothesis: Most of the furniture industry companies in Lower Silesia take into account the partnership relations with suppliers in their formulated business strategy. The study was carried out using CATI method and included a research sample consisting of 110 enterprises of Lower Silesia. Enterprises were selected using the purposive sampling method. Selection of companies was based on factors such as: regional differences, basic products and the activity period, size organizational and legal form, basic profile of activity. Interviews with companies’ managers were based on an anonymous survey questionnaire. A time frame of research included 2 phases: phase I – exploratory phase: February – May 2013 and phase II – the essential phase: up to early 2014.

The studs has confirmed the formulated hypothesis. Most of the companies of the furniture industry have developed an overall strategy in the form of official or unofficial documents. They are characterized by a high degree of diversity, both in terms of accepted legal form, number of employees, year of establishment, business profile and range of operation. They see the impact of relationships with suppliers on the modernization of the products in the context of improving their quality. Deepening and ordering problems in the field of building partnerships with suppliers in terms of the overall business strategy formulation may be considered a theoretical contribution of this work. The results of the study should help companies in building partnerships with suppliers appropriately using the proposed roadmap; conducting quantitative and qualitative research, to assess the impact of the company's overall strategy on the relationships with suppliers.

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Intellectual property management in startups — problematic issues

Abstract

This paper describes the most important problems related to the management of intellectual property in startups. Startups have become an inseparable element of the innovative economy. Many of these companies base their development on intellectual capital and innovations. In this context, it is extremely important to legally secure the innovations and protect intellectual property. These activities can often be the decisive factor in the development of startups. This article aims to identify, analyse and evaluate the most important issues related to the management of intellectual property in startups. The first part of this paper presents the performed literature review, which mainly concerns the definition of innovation, the state of entrepreneurship in Poland, and the definition of a startup. The second part of the article deals with the main problems related to the management of intellectual property in startups. It is divided into three issues: underestimating the importance of intellectual property, the lack of intellectual property management strategies in startups and financial challenges of startups. The main results of the research indicate that many startups still have low awareness of what is intellectual property and what can be the consequence of using exclusive rights of others. The protection of intellectual property should become one of the elements of business strategies. However, startups find that the creation of the strategy and its implementation is rather expensive.

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Sustainable Business Development Through Leadership in SMEs

References Augier, M., & Teece, D. J. (2009). Dynamic capabilities and the role of managers in business strategy and economic performance. Organization Science, 20(2), 410-421. Baumann-Pauly, D., Wickert, C., Spence, L. J., & Scherer, A. G. (2013). Organizing corporate social responsibility in small and large firms: Size matters. Journal of Business Ethics, 115(4), 693-705. Bos‐Brouwers, H. E. J. (2010). Corporate sustainability and innovation in SMEs: evidence of themes and activities in practice. Business

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