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Changing Work Patterns of the Skolt Sámi

Abstract

This article explores changing work patterns in the Skolt Sámi reindeer herding community of Sevettijärvi, northern Finland. As a result of the Second World War, Finland lost the original home territory of the Skolt Sámi to the Soviet Union. The Skolt Sámi of the old Suenjel village moved to the Sevettijärvi area in Finland. In this article I present major changes in three areas of this group’s work patterns: 1) combinations of livelihood; 2) forms of cooperation and reciprocity; 3) social constructions of work situations. The main causes of cultural change in the rein-deer herding community have been the mechanisation of reindeer herding and the centralisation of reindeer ownership. In anthropological studies, traditional forms of behaviour have at times been seen as obstacles to economic development. My argument is different: traditional forms of culture – in this case forms of reciprocity – can increase possibilities for economic development. The research data shows that the centralisation of reindeer ownership has decreased the possibilities for economic development in additional forms of livelihood among Skolt Sámi reindeer herders. The number of herders has decreased and the entrepreneurial collaboration is arranged so that there is less and less traditional reciprocity between separate households.

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The Postpartum Tradition of Sawa Mahina in Rural Punjab, Pakistan

References Abdul-Rahman, Muhammad Saed. 2007. Islam: Questions and Answers - Manners 2. London: MSA Publication Limited. Abel, Sally; Julie Park, David Tipene-Leach, Sitaleki Finau and Michele Lennan. 2001. Infant Care Practices in New Zealand: A Cross-Cultural Qualitative Study. - Social Science & Medicine 53 (9): 1135-1148. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00408-1. Abu-Sahlieh, Sami A. Aldeeb 1999. Muslims’ Genitalia in the Hands of the Clergy: Religious Arguments about Male and Female Circumcision

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A Life History of the ‘Irish’ Ecotype Tied Stones and Loose Dogs

://www.duchas.ie/en/info/cbe (accessed July 10, 2018). Ó Coileáin, Seán. 1977. Oral or Literary? Some Strands of the Argument. – Studia Hibernica 17/18: 7–35. O’Daly, John. 1876. The Irish Language Miscellany: Being a Selection of Poems by the Munster Bards of the Last Century. Collected and edited by John O’Daly . Dublin: J. O’Daly. Ó hAodha, Nioclás. 1970. Foclóir agus Nótaí do ‘Mo Scéal Féin’ a scríobh an tAthair Peadar Ó Laoghaire . Baile Átha Cliath: Albert Folens. Ó hÓgáin, Dáithí. 2004. Dáithí Ó hÓgáin on Storytelling. – Storytellers of Ireland . https

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