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A Semantic Analysis of Personal Names in Datooga Society

Abstract

Naming can sometimes be associated with particular situations or someone’s birth. This study intends to find out the association between Datooga names and socio-cultural backgrounds. The study employs a qualitative research approach, in which case the collected data was subjected to descriptive analysis. Data have been collected from Datooga speaking students studying at the Dar es Salaam University College of Education, through Interviews and Questionnaire. The analysis is based on the Kripke’s three arguments in naming as described by Speaks (2007). The theory explains how naming is achieved with reference to the modal argument, the semantic argument and the epistemic argument. The findings of the study have revealed that in the Datooga society, naming is associated with different phenomena particularly time of birth and prevailing situations, traditions, norms and customs.

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Changing Work Patterns of the Skolt Sámi

Abstract

This article explores changing work patterns in the Skolt Sámi reindeer herding community of Sevettijärvi, northern Finland. As a result of the Second World War, Finland lost the original home territory of the Skolt Sámi to the Soviet Union. The Skolt Sámi of the old Suenjel village moved to the Sevettijärvi area in Finland. In this article I present major changes in three areas of this group’s work patterns: 1) combinations of livelihood; 2) forms of cooperation and reciprocity; 3) social constructions of work situations. The main causes of cultural change in the rein-deer herding community have been the mechanisation of reindeer herding and the centralisation of reindeer ownership. In anthropological studies, traditional forms of behaviour have at times been seen as obstacles to economic development. My argument is different: traditional forms of culture – in this case forms of reciprocity – can increase possibilities for economic development. The research data shows that the centralisation of reindeer ownership has decreased the possibilities for economic development in additional forms of livelihood among Skolt Sámi reindeer herders. The number of herders has decreased and the entrepreneurial collaboration is arranged so that there is less and less traditional reciprocity between separate households.

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The Postpartum Tradition of Sawa Mahina in Rural Punjab, Pakistan

References Abdul-Rahman, Muhammad Saed. 2007. Islam: Questions and Answers - Manners 2. London: MSA Publication Limited. Abel, Sally; Julie Park, David Tipene-Leach, Sitaleki Finau and Michele Lennan. 2001. Infant Care Practices in New Zealand: A Cross-Cultural Qualitative Study. - Social Science & Medicine 53 (9): 1135-1148. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-9536(00)00408-1. Abu-Sahlieh, Sami A. Aldeeb 1999. Muslims’ Genitalia in the Hands of the Clergy: Religious Arguments about Male and Female Circumcision

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A Life History of the ‘Irish’ Ecotype Tied Stones and Loose Dogs

://www.duchas.ie/en/info/cbe (accessed July 10, 2018). Ó Coileáin, Seán. 1977. Oral or Literary? Some Strands of the Argument. – Studia Hibernica 17/18: 7–35. O’Daly, John. 1876. The Irish Language Miscellany: Being a Selection of Poems by the Munster Bards of the Last Century. Collected and edited by John O’Daly . Dublin: J. O’Daly. Ó hAodha, Nioclás. 1970. Foclóir agus Nótaí do ‘Mo Scéal Féin’ a scríobh an tAthair Peadar Ó Laoghaire . Baile Átha Cliath: Albert Folens. Ó hÓgáin, Dáithí. 2004. Dáithí Ó hÓgáin on Storytelling. – Storytellers of Ireland . https

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The Christian Democratic Youth of Slovakia: Christian Legacy, Post-Socialist Memory and the Present Spirit of Capitalism

Abstract

The subject of this case study is the youth political organisation Christian Democratic Youth of Slovakia (KDMS). The first parts of this paper are dedicated to history and the structure of organisation. Latter parts discuss the influence of historical memory on creating the collective discourses of KDMS and its civic engagements, ambitions and activities. The purpose of the paper is also to evaluate the role of religion and secularisation in KDMS agenda and also to discuss the ways how the ´christian heritage´ becames the source for arguments in political debates and opossitely how the christianity could be interpreted in the light of conservative and right oriented socio-economic and political worldview.

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Ethnicity in Space and Everyday Practice: an Outline of a General Framework with Examples from New Mexico

Abstract

Studies of ethnicity have emphasized ethnicity’s social, processual and event-like character. While they have been very successful in explaining change, they have failed to account for the durability and renewed importance of many group identities. We argue that taking into account spatial and embodied dimensions of ethnicity, we can explain continuity without falling back to primordialism and essentialism. The most important spatial factors in explaining the strength of ethnic identities include spatial separation, the built environment, generative processes associated with the built environment, performances and embodied practices, and the linguistic landscape. The article provides an outline for a general framework for the analysis of ethnicity, using examples from New Mexico as illustrations of individual arguments.

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Kulturwissenschaft in der Ermüdung? Anmerkungen zu einer Neuorientierung

Abstract

Starting from the conviction that the study of culture(s) is much broader than a philosophizing history of ideas approach (one that often retains implicit Eurocentric assumptions), this article is a plea for a reorientation of the study of culture through the demonstration of a stronger commitment to a sociological, empirical and transcultural approach in the study of culture. Instead of focusing on cultural syntheses (i.e. along the main signatures and „Zeitgeist“ symptoms of epochs), my argument redirects attention to particularities, hidden dimensions, and the formation of differences, to cultural countermovements and contradictions. The article suggests a more complex and action-oriented „translational“ approach. It aims to foster a critical self-reflection of the research process of the study of culture itself with regard to its analytical concepts, its societal and ethical concerns, and its fruitful convergence of disciplines.

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Theorieträume der Kulturwissenschaft

-Verlag. Canguilhem, Georges (2007): Maschine und Organismus. In: Nach Feierabend. Zürcher Jahrbuch für Wissensgeschichte 3, S. 185-211. Chartier, Roger (1989): Kulturgeschichte zwischen Repräsentationen und Praktiken (Einleitung). In: ders.: Die unvollendete Vergangenheit. Geschichte und die Macht der Weltauslegung. Berlin: Klaus Wagenbach, S. 7-19. Clifford, James/Marcus, George E. (Hgg.) (1986): Writing Culture. The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press. Collins, Harry (2012): Performances and arguments. Bruno Latour: The

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„Deutschland muss Deutschland bleiben“ – Sprachliche Selbst- und Fremdpositionierungsaktivitäten im Kontext politischer Äußerungen über Migration am Beispiel des Ausdrucks Leitkultur

„österreichischen Millennium“ in den Jahren 1946 und 1996. Tübingen: Stauffenburg. Reisigl, Martin (2007b): The Dynamics of Right-Wing Populist Argumentation in Austria. In: Van Eeemeren, Frans H./Blair, J. Anthony/Willard, Charles A./ Garssen, Bart (Hrsg.) (2007): Proceedings of the Sixth Conference of the International Society for the Study of Argumentation: Amsterdam: Sic Sat 2007/ International Center for the Study of Argumentation. S. 1127-1134. Reisigl, Martin (2014): Österreichischer Rechtspopulismus im Zeitalter von Mediendemokratie und

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Narrative des Anthropozän – Systematisierung eines interdisziplinären Diskurses

Paradigm: The Case of Public Moral Argument. In: Communication Monographs 51, S. 1-22. Fuller, Richard Buckminster (1968): Operating Manual for Spaceship Earth. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press. Garrard, Greg/Handwerk, Gary/Wilke, Sabine (2014): Introduction: Imagining Anew: Challenges of Representing the Anthropocene. In: Environmental Humanities 5, S. 149-153. Hamann, Alexandra/Leinfelder, Reinhold/Zea-Schmidt, Claudia (2013): Die große Transformation. Klima - Kriegen wir die Kurve? Berlin: Jacoby & Stuart

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