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Higher Education and Long-Term Manpower Planning in Socialist Romania (1950-1975). An Empirical Study

Abstract:

This article sets to analyze the manpower planning approach in respect of the Romanian higher education system during communism. The arguments used intend to demonstrate that long-term planning, although commonly used in the context of demand economy, was not a reliable instrument in education. Archival research has outlined the connections and the variations between long-term ‘cadre’ plans and higher education outcomes, in an attempt to better assess the feasibility of manpower planning in a socialist economy. The empirical analysis confirms the theoretical approach used by Jan Sadlak in the 1980s, but also provides an additional outlook on the practical and conceptual limitations of centralized normative planning.

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Domesticating Feelings Through Short Message Service (SMS)

Abstract

Starting from the ostentatious presence of the SMS for teenagers, I attempted to identify the values of its appropriation process and to outline the trajectory of SMS within teenage culture. My argument is that the SMS develops two interpenetrating usage trajectories: an individual and a collective line, the later bearing a marked cultural logic. The relation between the object of consumption and the individual is framed by specific values of usage and regulated by cultural practices. In this article, I will present the factors that regulate the individual usage of the SMS, incorporating this form of communication in teens’ universe. Through ethnographic fieldwork in Romania, I have carried out participant observation and interviews in places that are frequented by teenagers and I have collected and analyzed more than 300 text messages, written by teenagers in daily personal journals of communication.

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Architectural Firms in Transylvania. Objective Positions and Field Positioning

Abstract

I will discuss in this article the dynamics of business groups, using the case of architects from three Transylvanian cities (Cluj-Napoca, Timisoara and Brasov with emphasis on Cluj-Napoca). The architecture companies successfully represent the current trends of company organization in dynamic contexts, generated by the market changes, where services become the most important products of large cities. Using a sample of 375 architectural companies from these cities that employ 616 persons, I outline a field model inspired by Bourdieu’s work. My argument is that the large number of actors in the architectural networks from Cluj-Napoca is explained by the different forms of educational, economic, social and politic capital mobilized to create competitive companies and to survive within an instable post-socialist economic environment. Moreover, the internal structure of network organization from Cluj-Napoca is based on the usage of different types of available capital.

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‘But You Looked Smart’: Participant Observations of HIV Testing and Counseling for Young Adults

Abstract:

In recent years, a consistent increase of new HIV infections in young adult populations has been reported. One argument is that this population does not receive adequate information or support to promote healthy behavior choices. The current study provides direct evaluation of services and communication about prevention provided to young adults by trained counselors to identify critical issues that could illuminate ongoing barriers. Six clinic sites surrounding a large Midwest university were evaluated. Through participant observations and interviews, this analysis demonstrates that while the rapid HIV test has increased the opportunity for counseling to take place, numerous areas of concern still exist including access to testing, the use of judgmental language, as well as the presence of both halo and horn effect.

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Deliberation within Sectors. Making the Case for Sector Mini-publics

Abstract

In this paper it will be argued that a particular type of collaborative governance, sector mini-publics, has tremendous utility for policy formulation or evaluation. Sector mini-publics can be situated between traditional mini-publics and enclave deliberation, and should be evaluated using the same criteria applied to mini-publics in general, i.e. those that select from amongst the entire population. Inclusiveness, deliberation and influence are just as important as criteria for evaluation. Drawing on three examples of sector mini-publics, each involving a particular sector (young people, people with disabilities and the elderly), the authors build their argument that sector mini-publics have proven value, and should be encouraged, as well as subjected to further research.

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Interrogating spaces of and for the dead as ‘alternative space’: cemeteries, corpses and sites of Dark Tourism.

Abstract

This paper considers spaces associated with death and the dead body as social spaces with an ambiguous character. The experience of Western societies has tended to follow a path of an increased sequestration of death and the dead body over the last two centuries. Linked to this, the study of spaces associated with death, dying and bodily disposal and the dead body itself have been marginalised in most academic disciplines over this period. Such studies have therefore been simultaneously ‘alternative’ within an academic paradigm which largely failed to engage with death and involved a focus on types of spaces which have been considered marginal, liminal or ‘alternative’, such as graveyards, mortuaries, heritage tourism sites commemorating death and disaster, and the dead body itself. However, this paper traces more recent developments in society and academia which would begin to question this labelling of such studies and spaces as alternative, or at least blur the boundaries between mainstream and alternative in this context. Through considering the increased presence of death and the dead body in a range of socio-cultural, economic and political contexts we argue that both studies of, and some spaces of, death, dying and disposal are becoming less ‘alternative’ but remain highly ambiguous nonetheless. This argument is addressed through a specific focus on three key interlinked spaces: cemeteries, corpses and sites of dark tourism.

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Building Business Relationships Through the Web: How Medical Technology Companies Enroll Stakeholders in Innovation Development and Uptake

Argument on the Web’, Journal of Business Ethics , 62: 355-366. Denis, J. -L., Hébert, Y., Langley, A., Lozeau, D. and L-H. Trottier (2002) ‘Explaining Diffusion Patterns for Complex Health Care Innovations’, Health Care Management Review , 27: 60-73. Esrock, S. L., and G. B. Leichty (2000) ‘Organization of Corporate Web Pages: Publics and Functions’, Public Relations Review , 26: 327-344. Flyvberg, B. (2011). Case study. In N.K. Denzin & Y.S. Lincoln (eds). The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research 4th Edition (pp. 301-316). Thousand Oaks

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«Mir sagt man, ich sei diskriminiert, nicht integriert; und dennoch spreche ich so, als hätte ich Germanistik studiert.» «Uslender Production » als Kulturerzeugnis von Jugendlichen mit Migrationshintergrund

.: Suhrkamp. Göktürk, Deniz. 2000. Migration und Kino - Subnationale Mitleidskultur oder transnationale Rollenspiele? S. 329-347 in Interkulturelle Literatur in Deutschland, hrsg. von Carmine Chiellino. Stuttgart: Metzler Verlag. Hall, Stuart. 1994. Rassismus und kulturelle Identität. Ausgewählte Schriften 2. Hamburg: Argument. Hall, Stuart. 2001. The spectacle of the “other.” S. 324-344 in Discourse, Theory and Practice. A Reader, hrsg. von Margaret. Wetherell, Stephanie. Taylor und Simoen J. Yates. London: Sage

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Environmental Attitudes and Household Electricity Use among Budapest Residents

-structure preferences’. Environment and Behavior , 16 (5): 551-572. Brandon, G. and A. Lewis (1999) ‘Reducing household energy consumption: A qualitative and quantitative field study’. Journal of Environmental Psychology , 19 (1): 75-85. Brechin, S. R. (1999) ‘Objective problems, subjective values, and global environmentalism: Evaluating the postmaterialist argument and challenging a new explanation’. Social Science Quarterly , 80 (4): 793-809. Brechin, S. R. and W. Kempton (1994) ‘Global environmentalism: A challenge to the postmaterialist thesis?’ Social

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Personal Network Analysis and Health among Latinas

, Carmen Gonzalez, Prawit Thainiyom, Sheila T. Murphy, and Sandra J. Ball-Rokeach. 2016. “An argument for ecological research and intervention in health communication.” Journal of Health Communication 21 (2): 135-138. Moran, Meghan Bridgid, Sheila T. Murphy, Lauren B. Frank, and Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati. 2013. “The ability of narrative communication to address health-related social norms.” International Review of Social Research 3 (2): 131-149. Murphy, Sheila T. 1998. A mile away and a world apart: The impact of independent views of the self on US

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