Creativity is a new paradigm of development, which connects society in its economic, cultural, technological and social aspects at the macro and also micro level. Creativity, knowledge and access to information are central points of this paradigm and are considered to be engines of economic growth in globalizing world (UNCTAD, 2008). The paper offers a theoretical review of the concept and its tools and approaches, which are connected to creative economy. The paper maps the current situation of supporting creative economy in Slovakia at all levels of government. By analysis of strategic documents at national, regional and local level, we found out that promotion of creative economy is reflected only in a minority of received documents. The direct support of the creative economy was found only in documents of two county seats and one autonomous region. Any concrete concept was not adopted for supporting creative industries at the national level. Slovakia is just at the beginning in finding out how such industries contribute to the economy.
The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia is a country with huge interest in accession to the great family of the European Union, which now counts about 500 million people. The paper aims to explain this interest and to give detailed arguments to all the expectations, by focusing on the process of accession of the country to the European Union and giving examples of other countries‘ similar efforts from wider region. This process represents the culmination of more than two decades of economic, social and political transformation of the country. The membership in the European Union, according to the theoretical knowledge and comparative experience, should bring convenience for Macedonia and its citizens, including prosperity, more intensive relations with its European neighbours and contribution to shaping the political, social and economic development of Europe. The accession process is long and difficult, partly because of the necessity to adopt many laws and regulations of the European Union for new member states, contained in the Acquis communautaire.
The European Union has passed a complicated period. Its economy lags not only behind its own development goals, but in many developing indicators, it lags well behind the results achieved by its economic partners and competitors, the USA and Japan. Due to the lower competitiveness in the international market environment there are growing problems in the domestic labour market. For a long time, many EU countries demonstrated relatively high unemployment leading subsequently to weakening the income situation of households and consequently to social tensions in society. The labor market situations of young graduates and also people approaching retirement age and seniors are particularly worrying. In the context of such arguments the strategy of perspective development of the European Union 2020 known as the EUROPE 2020 strategy was born. Its essence is the formulation of objectives and procedures to enable to “build in the area of the EU the strongest and most effective economic grouping of the world, able to absorb and eliminate negative stimuli from the external market environment in order to protect the quality of life of its inhabitants.“ According to J. Barroso, Europe 2020 is “the strategy for growth for the future decades, which must ensure building the European Union as an area of knowledge based, constantly growing and inclusively functioning economy“. The paper confronts the EU strategic objectives of 2020 with the current economic and social conditions under the EU and Slovakia´s environment as a precondition for their successful fulfillment. The situation in the current Slovak labour market is used as a pointer to the neglected national labour policy tools, which could create significant barriers in realization of the EU 2020 goals. The initially presented data will be used for building the econometric model enabling the in-depth analysis of relation between the explanatory variables and the newly generated economic and social parameters in the EU and Slovakia.
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