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“Carte-á-figure” maps of Poland: dates, states, and provenances

Abstract

After short introduction to carte-á-figure genre of maps discussed are three maps of Poland belonging to this category: the first state of Hondius’ Nova POLONIAE delineatio”, Visscher’s “Haec Tabula nova POLONIAE et SILESIAE, and Speed’s A NEWE MAPE OF POLAND. For the origin of the Hondius’ map a more precise range of dates is proposed. Question of the Visscher map’s order of states is clarified, supported by evidence from the author’s research. Finally, line of reasoning is presented and arguments quoted disproving widely held belief in priority of the Speed’s map over the Visscher’s. Also, dissimilarities between images of Silesia on Hondius’ and Visscher’s maps together with possible reasons of these are considered.

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Thematic maps in Eugeniusz Romer’s Geographical and Statistical Atlas of Poland from 1916 – the historical and methodological perspective (on the 100-year anniversary of the publication)

Abstract

The Geograficzno-statystyczny atlas Polski (Geographical and Statistical Atlas of Poland), printed in Vienna in 1916, was elaborated due to remind the world about Poland and the Polish issue. At that time Poland had been partitioned for over 120 years and it was very important to provide comprehensive information about historical Polish territory and its inhabitants before the end of the ongoing war. It was a significant decision because the atlas appeared to be crucial to establishing borders of the Second Polish Republic at the Paris Peace Conference. In 2016 the hundredth anniversary of first edition of atlas is a great occasion for a historical and methodical brief outline.

The atlas was the fundamental work of Eugeniusz Romer, a distinguished geographer, cartographer and geo-politician. All of the 65 maps and 5 diagrams were elaborated by himself and his collaborators: W. Semkowicz, J. Nowak, W. Szafer, S. Weigner, J. Rutkowski, K. Nitsch, B. Chodkiewicz. It includes maps showing physiograpy, administrative division, history of the Polish territory, population, nationality, religion, agriculture, industry and transport, developed on the basis of official data sources. It is noteworthy that E. Romer introduced the isarithmic method on a large scale to present both population and socio-economic phenomena.

As an all-embracing work, Atlas played a major role in drawing the boundaries of the reborn Poland in post-war Europe. This also shows that thematic cartography has been an essential instrument in argumentation for the national interest of Poland.

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Nordic Armaments Co-operation Savings Potential

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to estimate the potential cost savings of Nordic defence co-operation, which is frequently given as one of the arguments in its favour by politicians. Theoretical grounds for savings in co-operation such as economies of scale are reviewed in both the business and defence contexts. Then the potential cost savings in the future acquisition plans are studied through comparing countries’ plans and in maintenance through assessing the commonality of current military equipment. Comparison of public defence purchasing plans reveals that the opportunities for procurement co-operation are limited as Nordic countries are planning to acquire mainly different equipment. Due to differences in current military equipment, the savings opportunities in maintenance are likewise limited other than in the land vehicles’ sector. As currently practiced, Nordic defence co-operation seems not to offer any savings potential that could make a difference at the overall military budget level. The independent assessment of this article is based on publicly available data, which limits both the scope and details of the results.

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Narrative approach to the art of war and military studies - Narratology as military science research paradigm

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to initiate discussion into the role narratives could play in military studies. Narratology is an old and well-established research paradigm that first emerged as part of the linguistic turn. Yet its potential has not been depleted. It is the study of narratives or stories. There are plenty of topics not yet approached from this perspective especially in the field of military studies. The military academia needs to broaden its scope of research and allow for alternative orientations and theories to be used to address traditional dilemmas, create new research paradigms and enrich the variety of analysis. Critical security studies approach shared topics with military studies by embracing the aesthetic turn that differentiates between the representation and the represented. The argument in this article is that to produce comprehensive information on its research topics military studies would benefit from embracing them as people experience them and not focus on their ontology. The article does not offer a methodological toolbox to the reader but rather an introduction to some classics of narratology and offers a few insights how this type of approach could be used in military history, strategy, operational art or even leadership studies.

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Secular Formatting of the Sacred: Human Rights and the Question of Secularization and Re-Sacralization

sacred nation, emphasizing universal humanitarian values and the sacredness of the person , hence also the desacralization of the state ( Joas 2019 ). His argument follows along historical trajectories similar to Samuel Moyn’s analysis of human rights as the last utopia ( Moyn 2010 ), yet within a different theoretical framework. Setting out from Durkheim’s understanding of the social construction of a sacred space, Joas undertakes a detailed and critical analysis of Weber’s theory of secularization as disenchantment of the world. He points out that the idea that

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Introduction: Improving Natural Knowledge: The Multiple Uses and Meanings of Plants for European Gardens

-508. CONAN, Michel, & KRESS, W. John (eds.) (2007), Botanical Progress, Horticultural Innovation and Cultural Change , Washington: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. DEAR, Peter, (1991), ‘Narratives, Anecdotes, and Experiments. Turning Experience into Science in the Seventeenth Century,” in Peter Dear, The Literary Structure of a Scientific Argument. Historical Studies , Philadelphia: University Press of Pennsylvania, 1991, pp. 135-163. DI PALMA, Vittoria (2014), Wasteland: A History , New Haven: Yale University Press. DIXON HUNT, John

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The Strategic Assessment Model (Stratam) Studying and Preventing Strategic Failure

from Aviation." British Medical Journal 320 (2000): 781-185. Helmreich, R. L., and A.C. Merritt. Culture at Work in Aviation and Medicine: National, Organizational, and Professional Influences. Burlington, VT: Ashgate, 1998. High Reliability Organizing. http://high-reliability.org. (accessed 12 January 2012). Holderstein-Holtermann, Jakob von. "A "Slice of Cheese" - A Deterrent-Based Argument for the International Criminal Court." Human Rights Review (Springer Science + Business Media), August 2009

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‘Where have all the flowers grown’: the relationship between a plant and its place in sixteenth-century botanical treatises

Press, pp. 2-13. KLERK, Saskia (2014), ‘The Trouble with Opium. Taste, Reason and Experience in Late Galenic Pharmacology with Special Regard to the University of Leiden (1575–1625)’, Early Science and Medicine, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 287-316. KUSUKAWA, Sachiko (2012), Picturing the book of nature: image, text, and argument in sixteenth-century human anatomy and medical botany, Chicago: University of Chicago Press. LEU, Urs B. (2016), Conrad Gessner (1516-1565): Universalgelehrter und Naturforscher der Renaissance, Verlag Neue Zürcher Zeitung

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Deutschland muss Deutschland bleiben – Sprachliche Selbst- und Fremdpositionierungsaktivitäten im Kontext politischer Äußerungen über Migration am Beispiel des Ausdrucks Leitkultur.

Leitkultur unseres Landes ein impliziter Schlussprozess in Gang gesetzt, der beinhaltet, dass diejenigen, die sich nicht an der Leitkultur orientieren, nicht bei uns leben sollen/dürfen. Die Vorrangstellung der Leitkultur impliziert zudem eine Höherbewertung der Vorstellungen vom Guten Leben der Eigengruppe. Das Konzept der L eitkultur in Form des Einzellexems kann als verdichtetes Argument interpretiert werden, insofern mit der Ausdrucksverwendung Leitkultur innerhalb des Diskurses spezifische Schlussprozesse und Argumentationskontexte aufgerufen werden. So ist der

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Rethinking the unthinkable – revisiting theories of nuclear deterrence and escalation

nuclear capability. As Brodie (1946b) wrote, “thus far the chief purpose of our military establishment has been to win wars. From now on its chief purpose must be to avert them” (p. 76). However, it took a while for some to grasp the fundamental change. This inability is exemplified with Teller’s (1962) argument that U.S. must be “fully prepared to exploit the biggest modern power, nuclear explosives. Nuclear weapons can be used with moderation on all scales of serious conflict” (p. viii). There has prevailed a consensus among theorists ranging from hawks to pacifists

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