This paper examines the need for a Public Procurement Maturity Model (PPMM) in organizations with the role of road infrastructure buyers under public procurement legislation in a monopsony market structure. The environment used to contextualize the information is Romania and CNADNR (Compania Națională de Autostrăzi și Drumuri Naționale din România).
The literature research, open data as well as my own practical experience are used as entry data for the four parts of the paper: (i) the context leading to the PPMM need identification, (ii) an overview of the existing public (procurement) maturity models; (iii) discussions and (iv) summary, limitations, and outlook.
The paper provides arguments of an upstream intervention in the value chain of road transport infrastructure and highlights the benefits of such an intervention. Elements such as Romanian cultural dimensions, type of market structure or impact of the outcomes of public procurement process for road infrastructure are considered relevant entry data for an intervention which aims to contribute to the improvement of performance at a procurement process level.
The results of this paper serve as a starting point for further reflection on the performance in road infrastructure public procurement area in Romania. In addition to the awareness of the need for an intervention at a contracting authority level, the paper arguments that market structure or national cultural dimensions must be considered as entry data in designing maturity models.
The aim of this study is to gather sufficient evidence and arguments in order to prove to society that during the process of change in thinking and especially in the effective practical implementation of such educational models, high levels of efficiency can be achieved at all hierarchical levels in key systems for the society and the state.
For a few decades now, a vivid scholarly discussion centred on new forms of conflict has been developing. Military historians and political scientists entered into debates building consistent pro and counter-arguments about whether armed conflict at the end of the 20th century and beginning of the 21st century features novel aspects. Several concepts have been coined in order to describe the nature and dynamic of warfare in a post-clausewitzian/post-conventional era, such as new wars, Fourth Generation Warfare, compound wars and last, but not least, hybrid warfare. This article will briefly present the core of each category and will stress hybrid warfare as most recent development of such intellectual categories. The main argument defended here is that hybrid wars are a contemporary feature of global politics, mostly associated with non-state actors (such as terrorist groups) and with Russia’s strategies in eastern Ukraine, but also that they are a form of asymmetric conflict.
The article explores the problem of social integration of immigrants from Asia and Africa, arriving in European countries. Emphasis is placed on cultural differences between the existing society and immigrants that create social tension and conflicts. The solution to the problem should be seen in the implementation of positive law, which is applied in the host country. The main arguments in support of this opinion are the fundamental individual rights and the principle: first in time is first in right.
The current paper is pursuing some of the benefits that could be obtained by each domain – economy and security – as a result of consolidating one another, as well as the possible dangers and security risks that countries might face, due to low economic performances or security underfunding. The arguments presented seek to increase the level of involvement in solving various challenges of these domains and the understanding that any overlooked disruptive factor or for which no solutions are sought today, may have multiplied future effects. Therefore, joint action is vital since the multiple connections, between economy and security, cause each domain to be foundation of stability and development for the other.
The near future, but also the farther future, in the knowledge society, will belong to the intelligent knowledge-based organizations that, in order to be sustainable, make efficient use of their available intellectual capital. This will play an active and determining role in any kind of organization, including the military ones. The authors’ intention is that, by using the power of the scientific arguments, to identify the main theoretical approaches of the concepts of knowledge-based organization and intellectual capital, to highlight their role in the knowledge era and to provide solutions for them to become realities in the Romanian economic and military environments.
The paper will focus on the transformation of war (associated with phenomena such as human displacement, famine, violence against civilians, and commercialization of military troops) and on the refugee flows and insecurity within refugee camps which amount to humanitarian tragedies. The second chief aim of this paper is to investigate tenets of the extended analytical framework of security and to emphasize the relevance of constructivist and critical security studies. The pivotal line of arguments will revolve around specificities of violent conflict in the Horn of Africa which trigger the need to revisit mainstream approaches on state security by analyzing intra-state (and internationalized) violence and by including types of post-colonial insecurity, food insecurity and environmental degradation. The main underlying research question is: why is human security a valid framework of analysis in the case of irregular warfare in the Horn of Africa?
At the beginning of the twenty-first century, understanding of transformation encompasses not only organizational and structural processes, but also processes related to the literacy of those who deal with transformation. The paper does not analyze the literal meaning of the concept of literacy as reading and writing abilities. Within the Armed Forces system, literacy can be considered from several aspects - doctrinal, managerial, methodological, psychological, pedagogical and technical. Since transformation is not an one-time act, but a permanent function of the National Security System, it is necessary to emphasize the importance of the continuity of the process of developing literacy of today’s leaders. The purpose of this paper is to present some of the arguments for the need of transformation of literacy (knowledge and skills) of the leaders of the transformation processes at the operational and tactical levels, so that they are able to skillfully apply the modern technological innovations in the preparation of the management bodies of the Armed Forces.
In the present study we propose to offer a series of doctrinal solutions regarding the legal analysis of the patrimonial right to use the work of the authors, under Law no. 8/1996. The importance of the approach lies in the in-depth understanding of the institution, the logical and legal motivations of the Romanian legislator’s options and the doctrinal and jurisprudential solutions in the field. Concerning the importance of legal protection of the author’s patrimonial rights, we will mention here only the argument accepted by the opinionated that social development and well-being are inextricably linked to the legal protection of intellectual creation. We assume that the individual would not be encouraged to create in the absence of legitimate protection of the creation of his intellect
This paper presents organic sediments age analysis in Odra river valley in Słubice, western Poland. In this middle reach of Odra valley reach the uppermost fluvial deposits contain several alternate layers of organic sediments. These deposits have been mostly interpreted as the Holocene fluvial (floodplain) sediments, even if visible admixture of organic matter is not observed. However, there is also another hypothesis. Geotechnical studies conducted in several locations in Słubice, have questioned this interpretation. The main argument was the values of preconsolidation ratio in the range of 0.8 to 5.4, which may suggest, that the analysed sediments were covered by an ice sheet. Also, based on the presence of a clay layer devoid of organic matter impurities in the top of organic deposits, the second one presumes an interglacial (possibly Eemian) age of the discussed fluvial/organic sediments (peats and silts). To verify these hypotheses, six samples from six different boreholes drilled in the Odra river valley, in the centre of Słubice were collected. The results of 14C dating and its interpretation allowed to determine the age of the tested material. All analysed samples from Słubice (Odra river valley) were formed within the last 10,000 years - in Preboreal, Atlantic and Subboreal. Such a result contradicts the earlier stratigraphic interpretations.