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Characterization of the Embryogenic Tissue of the Norway Spruce Including a Transition Layer between the Tissue and the Culture Medium by Magnetic Resonance Imaging

relaxation times of early somatic embryos. Measurement Science Review , 16, 54-61. [21] von Arnold, S. (1987). Improved efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in mature embryos of Picea abies (L.) Karst. Journal of Plant Physiology , 128, 233-244. [22] Havel, L., Durzan, D. (1996). Apoptosis during diploid parthenogenesis and early somatic embryogenesis of Norway spruce. International Journal of Plant Sciences , 157, 8-16. [23] Vlašínová, H., Mikulecký, M., Havel, L. (2003). The mitotic activity of Norway spruce polyembryonic culture oscillates during the

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MRI-Based Visualization of the Relaxation Times of Early Somatic Embryos

somatic embryos in native state observed using the ESEM and Cryo-SEM. Microscopy and Microanalysis, 19 (S2), 20-21. [15] Gruwel, M.L.H., Latta, P., Sboto-Frankestein, U., Gervai, P. (2013). Visualization of water transport pathways in plants using diffusion tensor imaging. Progress in Electromagnetic Research C, 35, 73-82. [16] von Arnold, S.J. (1987). Improved efficiency of somatic embryogenesis in mature embryos of Picea abies (L.). Journal of Plant Physiology, 128, 233-244. [17] Havel, L., Durzan, D.J. (1996). Apoptosis

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Measurement of Transient Permeability of Sp2/0 Myeloma Cells: Flow Cytometric Study

-661. [23] Ford, W.E., Ren, W., Blackmore, P.F., Schoenbach, K.H., Beebe, S.J. (2010). Nanosecond pulsed electric fields stimulate apoptosis without release of proapoptotic factors from mitochondria in B16f10 melanoma. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, 497 (1-2), 82-89. [24] Wezgowiec, J., Derylo, M.B., Teissie, J., Orio, J., Rols, M.-P., Kulbacka, J. et al. (2013). Electric fieldassisted delivery of photofrin to human breast carcinoma cells. The Journal of Membrane Biology, 246 (10), 725-735. [25] Novickij, V., Grainys, A., Butkus

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Health and environmental applications of gut microbiome: a review

. Cellular immune responses are essential for the development of Helicobacter felis associated gastric pathology. J Immunol. 1999;163:1490-1497. . [83] Mannick EE, Bravo LE, Zarama G, Realpe JL, Zhang XJ, Ruiz B, et al. Inducible nitric oxide synthase, nitrotyrosine, and apoptosis in Helicobacter pylori Gastritis: effect of antibiotics and antioxidants. Cancer Res. 1996;56:3238-3243. . [84] Bartsch H, Nair J. Chronic inflammation and oxidative stress in the

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Dielectrophoretic Characterisation of Mammalian Cells above 100 MHz

-over, fxo1, was not observed, and is not expected unless the cell state is deliberately altered by adding chemical agents to the solution known to induce cell activation or apoptosis for example [ 2 , 9 ]. The reduction in f xo 2 over time was found to be a function of temperature, as shown in figure 9 . Cell suspensions were held in a temperature controlled water bath (situated in a refrigerated room for the 10°C run) between measurements. The rate of frequency reduction based on the first two hours clearly increases with temperature, more than doubling in rate (~2

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Modeling and Simulation of Equivalent Circuits in Description of Biological Systems - A Fractional Calculus Approach

.11.009 40 Gómez JF, Rosales JJ, Bernal JJ, and Cordova T. Application of the Numerical Laplace Transform on the Simulation of Fractional Differential Equations. Prespacetime Journal. 2012;3(6):505-523. Gómez JF Rosales JJ Bernal JJ Cordova T Application of the Numerical Laplace Transform on the Simulation of Fractional Differential Equations Prespacetime Journal 2012 3 6 505 523 41 Qing-Li Y, Chen P, Haimovitz-Friedman A, Reilly RM, and Shun Wong C. Endothelial Apoptosis Initiates Acute Blood–Brain Barrier Disruption after Ionizing Radiation

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Transient bioimpedance monitoring of mechanotransduction in artificial tissue during indentation

, differentiation and apoptosis [ 24 ]. This is because the ECM is connected to the intracellular cytoskeleton via transmembrane receptors, such as integrin, which can transmit forces [ 25 , 26 ]. This means that cells can actively react to varying external loads by changing the manner to which it attaches to the extracellular matrix, its cytoskeleton and transduce mechanical stress into electrochemical signals [ 11 , 12 ]. It is important to note that mechano-transduction does not just happen at adhesion sites, but can also occur due to stresses, such as shear stresses, at the

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Autophagy - Adaptive Molecular Mechanisms in Condition of Starvation

different.16: 79-85; 2009: 11. Ohsumi Y.: Mollecular dissection of autophagy:two ubiquitin-like systems. Nat.Rev.Mol. Cell. Biol., 2:211-216, 2001 12. Ostrowski K; Histologia ed. II 667-669,1995 13. Papinski D., Schusching M., Reiter W., Wilhelm L., Barnes C. A., Maiolica A., et.all: Early steps in autophagy depend on direct phosphorylation of Atg9 by the Atg1 kinase. Mol Cell, 53: 471-483; 2014: 14. Polewska J.: Autophagy- molecular mechanizm, apoptosis and cancer. Post Hig Med Dosw; 66: 921-936; 2012

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The Influence of Hyperoxia On Heat Shock Proteins Expression and Nitric Oxide Synthase Activity – the Review

treatment prevents nitric oxide-induced apoptosis in articular cartilage injury via enhancement of the expression of heat shock protein 70. J Orthop Res. 2013;31(3):376-84; 16. Ni XX, Ni M, Fan DF, Sun Q, Kang ZM, Cai ZY, Liu Y, Liu K, Li RP, Xu WG. Heat-shock protein 70 is involved in hyperbaric oxygen preconditioning on decompression sickness in rats. Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 2013;238(1):12-22; 17. Hosokawa N, Hirayoshi K, Nakai A, Hosokawa Y, Marui N, Yoshida M, Sakai T, Nishino H, Aoike A, Kawai K, Nagata K. Flavonoids inhibit the

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