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Tulumba dessert is widely preferred in Turkey; however, it cannot be consumed by celiac patients because it includes gluten. The diversity of gluten-free products should be expanded so that celiac patients may meet their daily needs regularly. In this study, corn flour (CF) / potato starch (PS) blend to be used in the gluten-free tulumba dessert formulation was optimized using the Response Surface Methodology (RSM). Increasing ratio of PS in the CF-PS led to a decrease in hardness of the dessert and to an increase in expansion, viscosity, adhesiveness, yield of dessert both with and without syrup (P<0.05). When considering the properties used in optimization process, the optimum formulation was found to be as 201.52 g water and 0.18 g CMC and 100 g blend of CF-PS at the rates of 59:41. In sensory evaluation test, appearance, symmetry, crispness and aftertaste properties of the gluten-free dessert prepared from this formulation were very close to control sample (P>0.05), additionally these desserts had a much higher sensory score compared to the control sample in terms of the overall quality and pore structure (P<0.05).
Effect of Wheat Bran Addition and Screw Speed on Microstructure and Textural Characteristics of Common Wheat Precooked Pasta-Like Products.
The present paper describes the wheat bran addition on microstructure, texture, colour and sensory characteristics of enriched precooked pasta-like products. Precooked pasta-like products were processed on a single screw extrusion-cooker TS-45 with L:D=16:1, shaped on the circular open die. Screw speed during the extrusion-cooking ranged from 60 to 120 rpm. Wheat bran were added in the amount from 5 to 25% of common wheat flour mass. The microstructure showed unmodified bran fractions at low screw speed, in turn higher rpm disrupted wheat bran cell walls. Hardness of dry pasta-like products, evaluated with the cutting test, was diminishing with a higher bran content in the recipe and was increasing with rpm applied. The firmness of hydrated products was decreasing with increasing bran addition (20 and 25% of bran in the recipe), whilst processing at low rpm caused poor quality of pasta-like products with great adhesiveness and stickiness. The higher bran content affected also the lower sensory notes. Colour measurement showed lower L* values for both raw and hydrated products with higher bran addition.