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Adhesive Distribution between Paper Components of Cigarettes

Abstract

The objective of this contribution is to characterise the distribution of adhesive between the plug wrap paper and the tipping paper on a finished cigarette. On the one hand, it is well known that this distribution influences various properties of the cigarette, but on the other hand, there are no methods available to completely determine this distribution. The area covered by adhesive, the amount of adhesive, and the thickness and position of the adhesive layer between the plug wrap and the tipping paper were chosen as essential quantities. Image analysis was used to evaluate the area covered by adhesive, and the amount of adhesive between the papers. The thickness and position of the adhesive layer were determined by processing pictures of paper cross-sections obtained with a time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometer (TOF-SIMS).

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Relation of the Leu40Arg variant of glycoprotein IIIA to personal and family history of myocardial infarction

(A2) polymorphism of integrin beta(3) enhances outside-in signaling and adhesive functions. J. Clin. Invest. , 105 , 793-802. Weiss, E.J., Bray, P.F., Tayback, M., Schulman, S.P., Kickler, T.S., Becker, L.C., Weiss, J.L., Gerstenblith, G., Goldschmidt-Clermont, P.J. (1996). A polymorphism of a platelet glycoprotein receptor as an inherited risk factor for coronary thrombosis. New. Engl. J. Med. , 334 , 1090-1094.

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Comparison of Effectiveness and Safety of Antiarrhythmic Drugs Class IC and III in Patients After Electrical Cardioversion

., 37 , 2893–2962. Kirchhof, P., Monnig, G., Wasmer, K., Heinecke, A., Breithardt, G., Eckardt, L., Bocker, D. (2005) A trial of self-adhesive patch electrodes and hand-held paddle electrodes for external cardioversion of atrial fibrillation (MOBIPAPA). Eur. Heart J. , 26 , 1292–1297. Lloyd-Jones, D. M.,Wang, T. J., Leip, E. P., Larson, M. G., Levy, D., Vasan, R. S., D’Agostino, R. B., Massaro, J. M., Beiser, A., Wolf, P. A., Benjamin, E. J. (2004). Lifetime risk for development of atrial fibrillation: The Framingham Heart Study. Circulation , 110

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An Application of Fourier Transform Infra-red (FT-IR) Microspectroscopy to the Study of Cigarette Manufacturing Defects

Abstract

FT-IR microspectroscopy was used to investigate a common type of cigarette defect in which the filter separates from the tobacco rod. Infra-red imagings of the adhesive located at this junction on the tipping papers from both defective and acceptable cigarettes were obtained. A comparison of these data revealed that although adhesive was present in the seam area of the defective cigarettes, the amount of adhesive was significantly less and its distribution was not uniform.

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Mini-Review: On the Transfer of Nicotine from Tobacco to the Smoker. A Brief Review of Ammonia and “pH” Factors

cigarettes; Hoechst Celanese Corporation, Charlotte, NC, 1990. 11. Hind, J.D., and R.B. Seligman: Method of preparing a reconstituted tobacco sheet employing a pectin adhesive; Philip Morris, US Patent 3,420,241, January 7, 1969. 12. Leffingwell, J.C.: Nitrogen components of leaf and their relationship to smoking quality and aroma; Rec. Adv. Tob. Sci. 2 (1976) 1-31. 13. Leffingwell, J.C., and D. Leffingwell: Chemical and sensory aspects of tobacco flavor - an overview; Rec. Adv. Tob. Sci.7 (1981

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Some Studies of the Effects of Additives on Cigarette Mainstream Smoke Properties. III. Ingredients Reportedly Used in Various Commercial Cigarette Products in the USA and Elsewhere

.C. Cook: The composition of cigarette smoke. XI. Heterocyclic nitrogen compounds from Turkish tobacco smoke; 16th Tobacco Chemists’ Research Conference, Program Booklet and Abstracts, Vol. 16, Paper No. 23, 1962, p. 14; Tob. Sci. 6 (1962) 176-179. 286. Kröller, E.: Ergebnisse von Schwelversuchen an Zusatzstoffen zu Tabakwaren. 3. Mitteilung. (Pflanzliche Schleim- und Gummiarten) [Results of low temperature heating studies of additives to tobacco products. Part 3: Plant adhesives and gum types]; Deut. Lebensm. Rundschau 61 (1965) 150

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Influence of Additives on Cigarette Related Health Risks

. Tabakforsch. Int. 19 (2000) 51–54. 147. Hind, J.D. and R.B. Seligman: Method of Preparing a Reconstituted Tobacco Sheet Employing a Pectin Adhesive; United States Patent 3,420,241, Philip Morris Inc., New York, NY (Application Date: June 16, 1966). 148. Papeteries de Mauduit: Developments in Cigarette Paper: Manufacturing of Cigarette Paper. Fundamental characteristics; 1984, Bates-No. 2028560522–0536, available at: http://legacy.library.ucsf.edu/tid/ zaz94g00. 149. N.N.: Improved Process of

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