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Trophic Status of Blidinje Lake (Bosnia and Herzegovina) Based on the Determination of the Trophic State Index (TSI)


Blidinje lake is an integral part of the Nature Park Blidinje established in 1995. Blidinje lake is largest mountain lake in Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H) according to the surface and water supplies. Considering the surface, it is surprising to its low depth and large surface changes.

Eutrophication is defined as the ‘biological effect of increasing concentrations of plant nutrients in aquatic ecosystems’. Eutrophication results in increased primary production or the production of aquatic plants. It can adversely affect the suitability of the use of water resources for other purposes. Metabolism of shallow lakes is extremely specific such as classical connections; algal biomass with a load of nutrients in shallow lakes can have catastrophic effects.

Nutrients that come directly or indirectly into water lead to increase in the amount of algae as well as changes in the composition of phytoplankton, where there is suppression of diatoms and green algae by cyanobacteria.

The values of parameters assessing trophic index (Trophic State Index [TSI]) are total phosphorus, chlorophyll a and transparency. This method that generalises numerous data using mathematical equations allows the expression of trophic level.

On the basis of earlier studies on physical and chemical parameters of water quality in Blidinje lake, Carlson trophic index was calculated, and based on that assessment, trophic level is given.

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Limnological study of Serbian oxbow shaped Lake Srebrno, with special emphasis on the benthic community composition and structure


Detailed limnological study of the Lake Srebrno (Serbia) bottom fauna was performed in March 2007. Investigations included qualitative, quantitative, and saprobiological analysis of bottom fauna communities, physical and chemical analysis of sediments and determination of chlorophyll a concentration, as well as saprobic and trophic status analyses. Samples were collected at eighteen sites distributed along a shoreline and in deeper sections of the lake. Twenty taxa from nine macroinvertebrate groups were recorded. Family Chironomidae had the biggest index of participation, the highest species diversity and the largest density of populations in benthocenoses of Lake Srebrno. Faunistic similarity between sites was estimated according to Sorensen’s Quotient of Similarity (QS). The majority of benthocenoses - 56% showed a medium level of faunistic similarity (QS = 21-60%), and 42% of benthocenoses showed a high level of faunistic similarity (QS = 61-100%). The classification of Lake Srebrno based on saprobic and trophic levels was assessed. Saprobic level was in the range from alpha-meso- to poly-alpha-mesosaprobity. The water quality of the lake ranged from class III and between IV and III class. Generally, Lake Srebrno had eutrophic status with the gradation to hypertrophy.

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Variations of selected soil properties in the grass fields invaded and uninvaded by invasive goldenrod (Solidago canadensis L.)

). Banska Bystrica: ŠOP SR. de Groot, M., Kleijn, D. & Jogan N. (2007). Species groups occupying different trophic levels respond differently to the invasion of semi-natural vegetation by Solidago canadensis. Biol. Conserv., 136, 612−617. DOI : 10.1016/j.biocon.2007.01.005. Duda, J.J., Freeman, D.C., Emlen, J.M., Belnap, J., Kitchen, S.G., Zak, J.C., Sobek, E., Tracy, M. & Montane J. (2003). Differences in native soil ecology associated with invasion of the exotic annual chenopod, Halogeton glomeratus. Biol. Fertil. Soils, 38, 72−77. DOI

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Effect of Landscape Use on Water Quality of the Žitava River

:// Government Regulation no. 269/2010 Coll., Laying down the requirements for achieving good status of waters, as amended by no. 398/2012 Coll. (in Slovak). Húska, D., Jurík, Ľ., Jureková, Z., Kaletová, T., Krupová, K. & Mandalová K. (2013) Impact of anthropogenic factors on surface water quality in the partial catchment area of Žitava (in Slovak) . Nitra: SPU. Johnson, R.C., Jin, H.S., Carreiro, M.M. & Jack J.D. (2013). Macroinvertebrate community structure, secondary production and trophic-level dynamics in urban streams affected by non-point-source pollution

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Effect of canopy density on litter invertebrate community structure in pine forests

-367. doi: 10.1016/S0269-7491(97)00157-7 Brygadyrenko, V.V. (2003). Fauna of ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of Dnipropetrovsk region (in Russian). Problems of Ecology and Environmental Protection in the Technogenic Region, 3, 78-88. Brygadyrenko, V.V. & Komarov O.S. (2008). Trophic structure of litter mesofauna: Biomass differentiation between trophic levels (in Ukrainian). Visnyk of Dnipropetrovsk University. Biology, Ecology, 16, 12-23. DOI : 10.15421/010840. Dinnage, R., Cadotte, M.W., Haddad, N.M., Crutsinger, G

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