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Summary

The Sokol movement, as an expressly Slavic cultural, national-liberational liberal movement originated in Czechoslovakia in 1862 under the patronage of Miroslav Tyrš. The aim of the Sokol organization was to unite all the Slavic peoples through physical exercise, under the slogan “Freedom, brotherhood, equality.” The Sokol idea was made up of a synthesis of exercise and national culture. The Sokol movement in Serbia represented a part of a wealthy cultural and sports tradition. The Sokol rallies, competitions and public performances represented the manifestation of the Sokol physical exercise work and the display of Sokol might. Through all these manifestations one could over a shorter or longer period of time track the development of the Sokol exercise program. In addition, these manifestations represented the possibility of noting any drawbacks in the work of certain associations, parishes or societies. At the same time, these manifestations were also of a propaganda-mobilization character in the sense of promoting interest in the Sokol movement and the spreading of the Sokol idea. The MoravskaSokol parish Niš organized eleven rallies from the time it was founded in 1920 to 1939.