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Association of severity of depressive symptoms with sleep quality, social support and stress among Pakistani medical and dental students: A cross-sectional study

.0d44. 10.5116/ijme.55e6.0d44 26342190 Park KH Kim D Kim SK Yi YH Jeong JH Chae J et al The relationships between empathy, stress and social support among medical students Int J Med Educ 2015 6 103 8 10.5116/ijme.55e6.0d44 Popa-Velea O Diaconescu L Mihăilescu A Jidveian Popescu M Macarie G. Burnout and Its Relationships with Alexithymia, Stress, and Social Support among Romanian Medical Students: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2017a;14:560. doi:10.3390/ijerph14060560. 10.3390/ijerph14060560 Popa

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Vitality as a Theoretical and Technical Parameter in Psychoanalysis

Abstract

Terms such as vitality and authenticity are difficult to define. Moreover, they cannot be considered true psychoanalytic concepts. If, however, as is happening, psychoanalysis tries to theorize in a more fine-grained manner the non-specific aspects of treatment, such as those related to the person of the analyst, then it becomes inevitable to refer to them. The thesis of the article is that vitality should emerge from its vagueness and be transformed into a precise psychoanalytic concept. This can be done if we discuss it in light of Bion’s concept of negative capability and the post-Bionian theory of the analytic field. Every time the analyst rediscovers to his surprise the dreamlike dimension of the session, he becomes vital gain and reinvests the patient, the analysis and the psychoanalytic method.Then he realizes that he is always a character in the stories of the analysis and has the chance to try to guess what happens by relying on his intensified bodily or emotional reaction.

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Authenticity and Analytic Style

Abstract

The question that has prompted this article could be formulated as follows: what are the vicissitudes of the analyst’s subjectivity in the bi-personal models and, more specifically, in the Bion field model? Using a clinical vignette, the author shows his own “toy box” mainly the way he uses reverie and the interplay between plot and characters in the session.

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The Art of Fielding

Abstract

Bion created different theoretical tools to observe emotional transformations during a therapeutic session. In the relational field, these tools are particularly useful to observe how emotions create representations as steps in the transformation of further emotional experiences. Describing the complex unfolding of this process, Bion used the word “truth” to highlight the tension towards the unknown, the absolute unachievable named “O”.

The word ‘authenticity’ is close to the theoretical concept of ‘truth’, but it better describes and includes something pertaining to relational experience. Authenticity especially appears as a broader concept, which includes something about style and the ability to reach a sense of contentment and sharing together.

The author explores as authenticity goes through the form, not just the content, of language; a form capable of arousing surprise, wonder and transformation of the gaze. The optimal regulation of the intensity of feeling and the subjective quality of the words allow the latter to cross the relational field and to be received by the other subject. The goal for therapy that strives to reach the patient and allow a creative, subjective and full relational experience can be described (or summarized) with the word ‘authenticity’.

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Bionian and Post-Bionian Transformations

Abstract

This article presents a summary of the theses advanced in Bion’s Transformations and describes their application by the analyst in the session. It then discusses the development of post-Bionian transformations in dreaming and play. Clinical material illustrates how these transformations may become effective therapeutic tools.

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Editorial
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Why Bion Field Theory?

Abstract

What kind of functions does a theory carry out in the analyst’s mind at work? The author tries to describe, using a few analytic trailers, how Bion Field Theory (BFT) can become an oneiric psychoanalytic tool in the mind of the analyst working with inaccessible states of mind and the violence of nameless turbulences. The hypothesis expressed is that BFT, as described in the works of its principal authors (Ferro, Grotstein, Ogden et.c), seems to evoke a psych-O-analysis that chooses O as psychoanalytic vertex, developing the bionian idea of unconscious as psychoanalytic function of the mind. BFT introduces explains and illustrates an oneiric model of the mind and of the analytic cure. The priority given by this theory to the contact with emotional experience and the capacity to stay at one ment with the unknown emotional experience circulating in the hic et nunc, seems, in author’s analytical experience, to promote both the development of an authentic analytic Self and analytic ethic and a process of subjectivation in analyst, patient, analytic experience.

Open access