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Transcendental Phenomenology and Unobservable Entities

, Ontologie und Metaphysik. Kommentar zu Christian Beyer.” in Welt der Gründe, ed. Julian Nida-Rümelin & Elif Özmen, 31-47. Hamburg: Meiner. Heelan, Patrick (1987): “Husserl’s Later Philosophy of Natural Science,” Philosophy of Science 54, 3, 368-390. Heffernan, George (1998): “Miscellaneous Lucubrations on Husserl’s Answer to the Question ‘was die Evidenz sei’: A Contribution to the Phenomenology of Evidence on the Occasion of the Publication of Husserliana Volume XXX”, Husserl Studies 15, 1-75. Hobson, Art

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Frustrating Absences

Abstract

Experiences of absence are common in everyday life, but have received little philosophical attention until recently, when two positions regarding the nature of such experiences surfaced in the literature. According to the Perceptual View, experiences of absence are perceptual in nature. This is denied by the Surprise-Based View, according to which experiences of absence belong together with cases of surprise. In this paper, I show that there is a kind of experience of absence—which I call frustrating absences—that has been overlooked by the Perceptual View and by the Surprise Based-View and that cannot be adequately explained by them. I offer an alternative account to deal with frustrating absences, one according to which experiencing frustrating absences is a matter of subjects having desires for something to be present frustrated by the world. Finally, I argue that there may well be different kinds of experiences of absence.

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Naïve Realism and the Conception of Hallucination as Non-Sensory Phenomena

imagery. Journal of Consciousness Studies 23(7-8): 65-81. Niikawa, Takuya. 2016. Naïve realism and the explanatory role of visual phenomenology [Special Issue]. Argumenta-Journal of Analytic Philosophy 1(2): 219-231. Palmer, Stephen E. 1999. Vision Science: Photons to Phenomenology. 1st edition. Cambridge: The MIT Press. Pautz, Adam. 2010. Why explain visual experience in terms of content? In Perceiving the World, ed. by Bence Nanay. New York: Oxford University Press. Pautz, Adam . 2013. Do the benefits of

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Can the Unconscious Image Save “No Overflow”?

; Logie, Robert. 2010. Loss of imagery phenomenology with intact visuospatial task performance: a case of ‘blind imagination’. Neuropsychologia 48(1): 145–55.

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Virtual Reality: Digital or Fictional?

Abstract

Are the objects and events that take place in Virtual Reality genuinely real? Those who answer this question in the affirmative are realists, and those who answer in the negative are irrealists. In this paper we argue against the realist position, as given by Chalmers (2017), and present our own preferred irrealist account of the virtual. We start by disambiguat- ing two potential versions of the realist position—weak and strong— and then go on to argue that neither is plausible. We then introduce a Waltonian variety of fictionalism about the virtual, arguing that this sort of irrealist approach avoids the problems of the realist positions, fits with a unifying theory of representational works, and offers a better ac- count of the phenomenology of engaging in virtual experiences.

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How Long is Now? A New Perspective on the Specious Present

Abstract

What is the Specious Present? Which is its duration? And why, ultimately, do we need it to figure in our phenomenological account of temporal perception? In this paper, after introducing the role of the Specious Present in the main models that account for our phenomenological present, and after considering the deflationary objection by Dennett (that the debate relies on the fallacy of the Cartesian Theatre of Mind, the idea that it is meaningful to ask where and when an experience becomes conscious), I claim—thanks to a spatial analogy—that there could be a good criterion to distinguish between a present experience and a past experience, that there are good reasons to sustain the Specious Present (while snapshots are in no sense part of our phenomenological life), and that there could be a precise way to define the nature—and to measure the duration—of the Specious Present; as I will clarify, our capability and possibility to act and react are central in this perspective. If we accept this change of perspective, there is a definite sense in which the Specious Present is part of our temporal phenomenology.

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Panpsychism without Subjectivity? A Brief Commentary on Sam Coleman’s ‘Mental Chemistry’ and ‘The Real Combination Problem’

References Coleman, Sam. 2012a. Review of ‘The Mental as Fundamental’ Ed. Michael Blamauer. Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews . Coleman, Sam. 2012b. Mental Chemistry: Combination for Panpsychists. dialectica 66 (1): 137–166. Coleman, Sam. 2013. The Real Combination Problem: Panpsychism, Micro-Subjects and Emergence. Erkenntnis (DOI 10.1007/s10670-013-9431-x) Goff, Philip. 2009. Why Panpsychism Doesn’t Help Us Explain Consciousness. dialectica , 63 (3): 289–311. Kriegel, Uriah. 2009. Self-Representationalism and Phenomenology

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Um filósofo da evidência

. Chisholm, R. 1960. Realism and the background of phenomenology. Illinois. Day, S. 1947. Intuitive Cognition, A Key to the Significance of the later Scholastics. New York. Dummett, M. 1993. Origins of Analytical Philosophy. Harvard University Press. Gilson, E. 1952. Jean Duns Scot. Paris. Gödel, K. 2001. Collected Works , ed. S. Feferman et al. Oxford. Hilbert-Bernays. 1939. Grundlagen der Mathematik, vol. I. Berlin. Husserl, E. 1891. Philosophie der Arithmetik , Halle. Husserl, E. 1938/1939. Die Frage nach dem

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What it is to be an Intentional Object

revision in 2007). URL: http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/intentionality-ancient/ Crane, Tim. 2001. Intentional objects. Ratio 14: 336-349. Crane, Tim. 2012. What is the problem of non-existence? Philosophia 40: 417-434. Crane, Tim. 2013. The Objects of Thought . Oxford: Oxford University Press. Kripke, Saul. 1980. Naming and Necessity . Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Meinong, Alexius. 1960. On the theory of objects. In Realism and the Background of Phenomenology , ed. by Roderick Chisholm. Glencoe, IL: Free Press

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Naïve Realism and the Problem of Causation

References Bickle, John & Ralph Ellis. 2005. Phenomenology and Cortical Microstimulation. In Phenomenology and Philosophy of Mind , edited by D. W. Smith and A. L. Thomasson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 140–163. Burge, Tyler. 2005. Disjunctivism and Perceptual Psychology. Philosophical Topics 33: 1–78. Byrne, Alex & Heather Logue. 2008. Either/Or. In Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge , edited by A. Haddock and F. Macpherson. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 57–94. Campbell, John. 2002. Reference and Consciousness . Oxford

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