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Jaspers’ Phenomenology

REFERENCES 1. Kirkbright, S. Karl Jaspers. A Biography. Navigation in truth. New Haven and London: Yale University Press; 2004. 2. Fulford KWM, Thornton T, Graham G. Phenomenology. In: Thornton T, Graham G, editors. Oxford Textbook of Philosophy and Psychiatry. USA: Oxford University Press; 2006. 3. Weber M. Objectivity in social science and social policy. In: The Methodology of the Social Sciences, Shils EA, Finch HA, editors. New York: The Free Press; 1904. 4. Jaspers K. General psychopathology. Baltimore: Manchester University Press

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Hegelian Phenomenology of Spirit and Boxing Fight

References Copleston, F. (1995). Historia filozofii [History of Philosophy]. Warszawa: PAX, 176-187. Hegel, G .w.F. (1963). Fenomenologia ducha [Phenomenology of Spirit] vol. l. Warszawa: PWN. Gromczyński, W. (1969). Heglowska teoria Pana i Niewolnika i jej wpływ na Sartre'a [Hegelian Master-Slave Theory and Its Influence on Sartre]. In Człowiek, świat rzeczy, Bóg w filozofii Sarte'a. Warszawa: PWN. Panasiuk, R (1979). Koncepcja podmiotu poznania w Hegla "Fenomenologii ducha" [The Concept of the

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Disabled People in Play.Toward an Existential and Differential Phenomenology of Moving with Dis-Ease

Abstract

Disability has become an increasingly important field of investment for modern welfare policy-visible in architecture for wheelchair users as well as in budgets for health care. This documents a gain in solidarity, but it implies also some challenges of practical and philosophical character. Play and games (of, for, and with disabled people) make these challenges bodily. These challenges will here be explored in three steps.

In the first step, we discover the paradoxes of equality and categorization, normalization and deviance in the understanding of disability. Ableism, a negative view on disability, is just around the corner. The Paralympic sports for disabled people make this visible. However, play with disabled people shows alternative ways. And it calls to our attention how little we know, so far, about how disabled people play.

The second step leads to an existential phenomenology of disablement. Sport and play make visible to what degree the building of “handicap” is a cultural achievement. All human beings are born disabled and finally die disabled-and inbetween they create hindrances to make life dis-eased. Dis-ease is a human condition.

However, and this is an important third step, disablement and dis-eased life are not just one, but highly differentiated. These differences are relevant for political practice and have to be recognized. Attention to differences opens up a differential phenomenology of disablement and of disabled people in play-as a basis for politics of recognition.

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Teacher’s burnout syndrome: the phenomenology of the process

Abstract

Introduction. The article is devoted to the phenomenology of burnout symptoms among teachers and determining their individual characteristics.

Aim. The aim was to study the phenomenology of the burnout process among teachers and to define its individual determinants.

Material and methods. The theoretical basis for the study was a burnout model described by V.V. Boyko considering the burnout as a mechanism of psychological protection of personality in response to the traumatic circumstances of the environment. The following diagnostic tools were used: the Boyko’s Emotional Burnout Inventory, the Inventory on behavior and experience in the working environment by W. Schaarschmidt and A. Fischer and the individual-typological questionnaire by L.Sobchik. In order to calculate and evaluate the results, methods of mathematical statistics were applied.

Results. The results of polling 132 teachers show that more than one third of working teachers show prominent features of high level burnout. This is combined with a number of personality traits and features of behavior, and with an emotional response of the teacher to the circumstances of the working environment, what suggests the need for the development and systematic implementation of prevention programs and correction of burnout among working teachers.

Conclusions. A significant part of the surveyed teachers show signs of burnout expressed at a significant level. Thus, the problem of psychological assistance and psychological support for working teachers remains relevant and requires the search for effective technologies and techniques for providing psychological assistance.

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Towards integrating phenomenology and neurocognition: Possible neurocognitive correlates of basic self-disturbance in schizophrenia

References: 1 Nelson B, Whitford TJ, Lavoie S, Sass LA: What are the neurocognitive correlates of basic self-disturbance in schizophrenia?: Integrating phenomenology and neurocognition: Part 2 (aberrant salience). Schizophr Res 2014;152:20-27. 2 Nelson B, Whitford TJ, Lavoie S, Sass LA: What are the neurocognitive correlates of basic self-disturbance in schizophrenia?: Integrating phenomenology and neurocognition. Part 1 (source monitoring deficits). Schizophr Res 2014;152:12-19. 3 Borda JP, Sass LA: Phenomenology and neurobiology of self

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Phenomenography: A Missed Method in Medical Research

competence. Int Nurs Rev. 2001;48(1):47-57. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1466-7657.2001.00048.x 16. Laverty SM. Hermeneutic Phenomenology and Phenomenology: A Comparison of Historical and Methodological Considerations. Int J Qual Methods. 2003;2:1-29 . 17. Uljens M. Phenomenography-a qualitative approach in educational research. Kasvatustutkimuksen laadullisia lähestymistapoja Kvalitatiivisten tutkimusmenetelmien seminaari Oulussa. 1991;11(13.10):1990 . 18. McAuley J, Duberley J, Johnson P. Organization theory: Challenges and

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Scham. Phänomenologische Überlegungen zu einem sozialtheoretischen Begriff / Shame. Phenomenological Reflections on a Socio-Theoretical Concept

, Schuld und Notwendigkeit. Eine Wiederbelebung antiker Begriffe der Moral. Mit einem Vorwort des Autors zur deutschsprachigen Ausgabe. M. Hartmann (Übers.). Berlin: Akademie Verlag). Wurmser, L. (1990). Die Maske der Scham. Psychoanalyse von Schamaffekten und Schamkonflikten. Berlin: Springer. Zahavi, D. (2010). Shame and the exposed self. In J. Webber (Hrsg.). Reading Sartre: On Phenomenology and Existentialism (S. 211-226). London: Routledge

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To Communicate Without Signs Through Expressive Qualities

References Albertazzi, L. (2013). Handbook of experimental phenomenology: Visual perception of shape, space and appearance . Chichester, England: Wiley-Blackwell. Anolli, L., & Ciceri, R. (1992). La voce delle emozioni. Milano: Angeli. Arnheim, R. (1960). Perceptual analysis of a symbol of interaction. In R. Arnheim (Ed.), Toward a psychology of art – collected essays (pp. 90–101). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1967. Arnheim, R. (1974). Art and visual perception A psychology of the creative eye. Berkeley-Los Angeles

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Eine genetische Analyse des Zugangs zum Anderen / A Genetic Analysis of the Access to the Other

Reduktion. Husserls Reduktionen und ihr gemeinsamer methodischer Sinn. In H. Hüni & P. Trawny (Hrsg.). Die erscheinende Welt. Festschrift für K. Held. (S. 751-771). Berlin: Duncker und Humblot. Lohmar, D. (2006). Mirror Neurons and the Phenomenology of Intersubjectivity. Phenomenology and Cognitive Science, 5, 5-16. Lohmar, D. (2012). Thinking and non-language thinking. In D. Zahavi (ed.), Handbook of contemporary phenomenology, (377-398). Oxford: Oxford University Press

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Why Experimentum Crucis is Possible in Psychology of Perception

. (1999). Experimental phenomenology: A historical profile. In L. Albertazzi (Ed.), Shapes of forms (pp. 19–50). The Hague, Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Brentano, F. (1897). Über ein optisches Paradoxon. Zeitschrift für Psychologie und Physiologie der Sinnesorgane. Bd. 3 (349–358). Hamburg, Leipzig: Leopold Voss. Calì, C. (2017). Phenomenology of perception. Theories and experimental evidence . Leiden Boston, Netherlands: Brill. Cattaruzza, S. (1999). Philosophical theories and experimental design in vittorio benussi. Axiomathes, 1

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