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English for Academic Purposes: A need for remodelling

. B. Kachru (Ed.), The Other Tongue: English across Cultures (2nd edition) (pp. 355-365). Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press. Kane, M. (2004). Certification testing as an illustration of argument-based validation. Measurement, 2 (3), 135-170. Kramsch, C. (2006). From communicative competence to symbolic competence. The Modern Language Journal, 90 (2), 249-252. Kramsch, C. (2010). The symbolic dimensions of the intercultural (Plenary speech). Language Teaching Retrieved October, 2015, from http

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Exploring language attitudes in ELF research: Contrasting approaches in conversation

. Oppenheim, Bram. 1982. An exercise in attitude measurement. In Glynis M. Breakwell, Hugh Foot & Robin Gilmour (eds.), Social psychology: A practical manual , 38-56. London: Macmillan. Oppenheim, A. N. [Oppenheim, Bram.] 1992/2000. Questionnaire design, interviewing and attitude measurement, new edition. London: Continuum. Oskamp, Stuart & P. Wesley Schultz. 2005/2014. Attitudes and opinions, 3rd edn. London: Psychology Press. Papapavlou, Andreas N. 1998. Attitudes toward the Greek Cypriot dialect: Sociocultural implications

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The L2 motivational self system, L2 interest, and L2 anxiety: A study of motivation and gender differences in the Croatian context

–209. Frey, Karin, Diane N. Ruble (1987). What children say about classroom performance: Sex and grade differences in perceived competence. Child Development 58(4): 1066–1078. Gardner, Robert C. (1985). Social Psychology and Second Language Learning: The Role of Attitudes and Motivation . London: Edward Arnold. Gardner, Robert C., Peter D. MacIntyre (1993). On the measurement of affective variables in second language learning. Language Learning 43(2): 157–194. Gardner, Robert C. (2010). Motivation and Second Language Acquisition: The Socio

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in ExELL
Teaching Slovak Language and Literature in the 1st Grade of Grammar Schools: the Verification of the Development of Critical Thinking of Pupils

monitoring. American Psychologist, 53 , 449–455. Hill, W. H. (1959). Watson-Glaser critical thinking appraisal. In O. K. Buros (Ed.), The Fifth Mental Measurements Yearbook. (pp. 796–797). Highland Park: Gryphon Press. Kerlinger, F. N. (1972). Základy výzkumu chování. Praha: Academia, nakladatelství ČSAV. Klooster, D. (2000). Co je kritické myšlení? Kritické listy, 1 (1), 1–2. Retrieved from http://www.kritickemysleni.cz/klisty.php?co=klisty2_cojeKM Kolláriková, Z. (1995). Model kritického myslenia a zásady jeho rozvoja. In Kolláriková, Z

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Standard Language Ideology and Its Influence on Lithuanian Migrants. Samogitians' Attitudes Towards Their Language Variety

. Keith (Eds.). Handbook of implicit social cognition: Measurement, Theory, and Applications. New York: Guilford Press. Geel, M. & Vedder, P. (2009). The Role of Family Obligations and School Adjustment in Explaining the Immigrant Paradox. Empirical Research, 40, 187-196. Giles, Howard, & Coupland, N. (1991). Language: contexts and consequences. Milton Keynes: Open University Press. Girdenis, A. (1981). Tarmės ir mokykla. Mūsų kalba, 3, 12-16. Heath, S. B. (1983). Ways with Words. New York: Cambridge

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Novice Teachers of English as a Foreign Language in the Czech Republic and their Drop-Out Intentions

.1016/0742-051X(93)90001-W Stodolsky, S. S., & Grossman, P. L. (1995). The impact of subject matter on curricular activity: An analysis of five academic subjects. American Educational Research journal, 32, 227-249. doi.org/10.3102/00028312032002227 Sturman, M. C., Cheramie, R. A., & Cashen, L. H. (2005). The impact of job complexity and performance measurement on the temporal consistency, stability, and test-retest reliability of employee job performance ratings. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90 (2), 269–283. dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.90.2.269 Terhart

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The phonesthetics of blends: A lexicographic study of cognitive blends in the OED

Abstract

This preliminary study of 285 morphological and cognitive blends (attestation dates 1200-2012) aims to investigate the role of phonesthemes in the structuring of the English lexicon. A study of OED word origins shows a disparity between older (1200-1900) and recent blends (1903-2012). Sound symbolism plays an overriding role in over 50% of older blends, leading to a study of initial phonesthemes (i.e. consonant clusters). Several case studies of diachronic semantic shift attested in the OED point to the existence of multidirectional motivation ties. This preliminary study supports the psycholinguistic theory that 1) there is a structured secondary sound symbolism in English, and that 2) it is still productive today and may play a role in the creation of neologisms as well as ensuring their survival (see Bergen, 2010: 52). A more in-depth usage-based analysis using sophisticated measurement tools is the next step in the study.

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Examining validity in computerized dynamic assessment

Researcher 18(2): 5-11. Messick, Samuel (1990). Validity of test interpretation and use. Princeton, N.J: Educational Testing Service. ETS-RR-90-11 Messick, Samuel (1996). Validity and washback in language testing. Language Testing 13: 241-256. Moss, Pamela A. (2003). Reconceptualizing validity for classroom assessment. Educational Measurement: Issues and practice 22.4: 13-25. Poehner, Matthew E. (2007). Beyond the test: L2 dynamic assessment and the transcendence of mediated learning. The Modern Language Journal 91: 323–340. Poehner

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Linguistic complexity in high-school students’ EFL writing

References Ai, Haiyang, & Xiaofei Lu (2010). A web-based system for automatic measurement of lexical complexity. Paper presented at the 27th Annual Symposium of the Computer-Assisted Language Consortium (CALICO–10). Amherst, MA. June 8–12. Beers, Scott F., & William E. Nagy (2009). Syntactic complexity as a predictor of adolescent writing quality: Which measures? Which genre? Read Writ 22: 185–200. Biber, Douglas, Bethany Gray, & Kornwepa Poonpon (2011). Should we use characteristics of conversation to measure grammatical complexity in L2

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in ExELL
Cyberbullying as a negative result of cyber-culture of Slovak children and adolescents: selected research findings

). Cyberbullying definition and measurement: some critical considerations. Zeitschrift fur Psychologie/Journal of Psychology. 217:230-232. MENESINI, E., NOCENTINI, A., & CALUSSI, P. (2011). The Measurement of Cyberbullying: Dimensional Structure and Relative Item Severity and Discrimination. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social networking. Volume 14, Number 5, 2011 MENESINI, E. et al. (2012). Cyberbullying Definition Among Adolescents: A Comparison Across Six European Countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social networking. Volume 00, Number

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