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(experimental study). Ulusal travma ve acil cerrahi dergisi= Turkish journal of trauma & emergency surgery: TJTES 2003; 9(2), 104-106. 10. Cronin DS, and Falzon C. Characterization of 10% ballistic gelatin to evaluate temperature, aging and strain rate effectts, Experimental mechanics 2011; 51(7):1197-1206, 11. Sandgren T, et al. The diameter of the common femoral artery in healthy human: influence of sex, age, and body size. Journal of vascular surgery 1999; 29(3): 503-510. 12. Ganz V, et al. Measurement of blood flow in the femoral artery in man at rest and during exercise


Preventing the corrosion of iron in inaccessible structures requires a coating method that reaches all surface areas and creates a uniform protective layer. An ages old practice to protect iron artefacts is to coat them with animal fat, that is, a mixture of lipids. This “method” is accidentally ingenious: some natural phospholipids found in animal fat have the potential to form a tightly packed self-assembled monolayer on metal oxide surfaces, similar to the surfactant monolayers that have attracted increasing attention lately. Thus, the most primitive corrosion prevention method may point at a way to coat complex iron structures in an industrial environment. Here the ability of phosphatidic acid, a natural lipid, to coat and protect iron surfaces was examined. Iron coated quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) sensors were used for the experiments, to monitor the deposition of the lipid as well as the acidic corrosion (dissolution) of iron in situ, in real time. The sensors were coated by self-assembled monolayers of di-myristoyl phosphatidic acid using the liposome deposition method. In this process, 50-100 nm vesicles formed by the lipid are delivered in an aqueous solution and spontaneously coat the iron surfaces upon contact. QCM and ellipsometry measurements confirmed that continuous bilayer and monolayer surface coatings can be achieved by this method. QCM measurements also confirmed that the layers were corrosion resistant in 0.01M acetic acid solution that would dissolve the thin iron layer in minutes in the absence of the protective coating. XPS results suggested a chemisorption-based mechanism of phosphatidic acid attachment to the iron surface. Hence, liposome deposition of phosphatidic acid offers a suitable solution to coat iron surfaces in inaccessible structures in situ.

; 058164. 4. Wagner GP, Kin K, Lynch VJ. Measurement of mRNA abundance using RNA-seq data: RPKM measure is inconsistent among samples. Theory Biosci 2012; 131: 281. 5. Wang ZW, Hobson N, Galindo L, Zhu SL, Shi DH, McDill J, et al. The genome of flax (Linum usitatissimum) assembled de novo from short shotgun sequence reads. Plant J 2012; 72: 461-473. 6. Mikshina P, Chernova T, Chemikosova S, Ibragimova N, Mokshina N, Gorshkova T. Cellulosic Fibers: Role of Matrix Polysaccharides in Structure and Function, Cellulose - Fundamental Aspects, Dr. Theo G.M. Van De Ven (Ed

/cholesterol (9:1), DMPC/DMPG (3:2), were measured into round bottom glass test tubes. The solvent was evaporated under a gentle stream of N 2 and dried overnight. Liposomes were hydrated in the assay buffer (20 mM phosphate buffered saline solution containing 100 mM NaCl at pH 6.9) at 37°C for 30 min, vortexed (~1 min) and briefly sonicated (~30 s) before use. Quartz Crystal Microbalance Quartz Crystal Microbalance with Dissipation Monitoring (QCM) measurements were performed with a Q-SENSE E4 system (Q-Sense, Sweden). The sensor crystals used were 5 MHz, AT-cut, polished

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in the growth room under a photoperiod 16/8 day-night, at 25ᵒC. Measurement of biometric parameters To measure the length of leaves, shoots and roots were chosen plantlets (3 paralels/each culture) 3 weeks after the application of the saline stress. Pigments extraction and measurement Photosynthetic pigments (chla, chlb, carotenods and xantophylls) were extracted from leaves of plantlets 2 and 3 weeks after saline treatment using a non-destructive method, by mixing dimethyl sulfoxide solution with plants tissues following the standard DMSO protocol ( 30 ) adopted

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measurement standards and nanoscopic benchmark structures. Sci Rep 2018; 8:1780. 79. Cronin M, et al. High resolution in vivo bioluminescent imaging for the study of bacterial tumour targeting. PLoS One 2012; 7:e30940. 80. Hwang KS, Lee SM, Kim SK, Lee JH, Kim TS. Micro- and nanocantilever devices and systems for biomolecule detection. Annu Rev Anal Chem (Palo Alto Calif ) 2009; 2:77-98. 81. Shah P, Zhu X, Zhang X, He J, Li CZ. Microelectromechanical System- Based Sensing Arrays for Comparative in Vitro Nanotoxicity Assessment at Single Cell and Small Cell-Population Using