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Psychometric Characteristics of the Scale for Measurement of Readiness for Active Involvement in Physical Education Classes in Elementary School

Summary

School curriculum and syllabus of physical education sets in front of the pupils the objectives and tasks that could be, by their nature, both physical and socio-psychological while the level of mastering of the contents is measured with a mark that is seen as the result of efficiency of overall educational process at a certain education level. However, the mark in physical education is a composite of numerous factors, one of which is motivation that can be considered within a school environment as readiness for an active engagement of pupils during classes (contrary to passive and mechanical fulfilment of requirements and acting based on the teachers’ demand, or open and direct obstruction of a class, disturbing of discipline and refusal to actively implement the curriculum). Therefore, it is important to take pupils’ motivation into account in order to fulfilthe sense of physical education classes, remedy the potential shortcomings, and improve additionally the planned syllabus. The Scale for measurement of readiness for active involvement at physical education classes in elementary school has been designed with that aim since early adolescence is considered a critical period for adopting of healthy lifestyles and its metric characteristics have also been tested. The Scale consists of five levels, of Likert’s type and it consists of two sub-scales (Commitment and Winning) with nine statements in total.

With good psychometric characteristics, easy understanding, concise contents and short and simple setting it is recommended for further work and additional research in the field of motivation in physical education in both elementary and secondary school.

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Validating Scales for Tourism Impacts, Quality of Life, and Support Tourism: An Exploratory Factor Approach

. Psychological Methods, 4, 272-99. Ford, J.K, MacCallum, R.C & Tait, M (1986). The Application of Exploratory Factor Analysis in Applied Psychology: A Critical review and analysis. Personal Psychology , 39, 291-314. Fornell, C & Larcker, D.F (1981). Evaluating Structural Equation Models with Unobservable Variables and Measurement Error. Journal of Marketing Research , 18 (1), 39-50. Hair, J.F. Jr. Black, W. C., Babin, B. J & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate data analysis , 7 th Macmillan, New York. Hinkin, T.R, Tracy, T.B & Enz, C.A (1997

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Young people’s identity capital and social participation in the life of the local community

Abstract

The article contains a report from a study involving young people living in the Polish southern borderland. The research was designed as a comparative, longitu­dinal cohort study. Measurements of a given variable (declared identity behaviours) were carried out with the use of the same instrument, in a reproducible manner, at different times (in the school years 2003/2004 and 2016/2017) and on the same cohort. The results of these measurements, obtained in two separate measurement periods, indicate a similar value of youths’ identity capital and an increase of social participation in the life of the local community. The diagnosis is a prelude to the determination of compensating educational activities and identification of existing social instruments as regards their model and pattern.

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Measuring of educational service quality (focused on universities)

Abstract

This paper deals with common problems in the process of education at the university level. It focuses on the quality of education process. The aim of this paper is to determine the principal criteria of the quality measurement of the education service.

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Some Issues Concerning Values in Measuring Achievements in Education

Abstract

Introduction:This study analyzes the mode of value transmission and those set of values that promote the measurement of educational outcomes.

Purpose:The focus of this contribution is to discover helpful guidelines for a set of educational values.

Methods:In the present study, we applied source analysis as a traditional research method in the philosophy of education.

Conclusion:We would like to point out that education is the observation, consideration and formation of needs and, at the same time, pedagogy is at least as a regulating as a descriptive kind of an activity. The ideal educational system of methods and objectives are neither open nor closed, it only contains elements that provide possibilities for the individual to fulfill requirements in quantity and quality according to their aptitude. On the other hand, it assures forming behavior and socialization simultaneously.

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Development of Creation of Executive Function-EF Model for Preschool Children through the Participation Process of the School under Suan Dusit University’s Network

Abstract

The objectives of this research were to create the trial and develop the creation of Executive Function-EF Model. The research consisted of 3 procedures, which were 1) The formation of sample, which was teachers and parents from the school under Suan Dusit University’s Network; 2) The trial of sample, which was children between 3-5 years old from 6 schools under Suan Dusit University’s Network; and 3) The development of key informants, which were the Executive Function-EF Model specialists in terms of measurement and evaluation and early childhood education, including the representatives of teacher, administrator, and parents from the school under Suan Dusit University’s Network. The content analysis was used in the qualitative data analysis. The average, standard deviation, and dependent t-test were used in the quantitative data analysis. The research results found that 1. The creation of Executive Function-EF Model consisted of 4 components, which were principle, objective, learning process, and evaluation; 2. The trial result of the creation of Executive Function-EF Model was that the development of creation of Executive Function-EF Model of preschool children in the overall image and each aspect after using the model was higher than before using the model with the statistically significance level of .001 and 3. The result of the development of creation of Executive Function-EF Model was that the creation of Executive Function-EF Model that was developed was suitable to be used and had the possibility to be put into practice in a high level.

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An Inclusive Secondary School in Bratislava

Abstract

The study presents a characterization of an inclusive secondary school in Bratislava and provides information about the forms and methods used in the work of the teachers, school psychologists, special teachers with regard to students with special needs (students with Attention and Hyperactivity Disorder, i.e. ADHD, with learning difficulties, with emotional and behaviour difficulties, etc.), who are educated together with mainstream students. It also provides information on the first results of the measurements of the socio-emotional health of the students in the inclusive school, both as to its overall level (covitality index) and as to the level of the four psychological dimensions of mental health. The pilot project of the inclusive school confirms that inclusive secondary schools and inclusive education operating within the intentions of positive psychology help the students to develop their cognitive and socio-emotional competences, to create favourable attitudes to diversity, to form the students’ scale of positive values and to encourage positive interpersonal relationships, social cohesion and social classroom climate.

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Physical Games as a Means of Developing Children’s Social Skills in Kindergarten

Abstract

Introduction: The text presents the results of a study conducted in the years 2015 - 2016. The objective of the study was to examine a programme of physical activities aimed at developing children’s social skills. Methods: The research was conducted in a kindergarten. This was a deliberate choice on the basis of availability. The experimental group comprised of 24 children, the control group comprised of 11 children. A 12-lessons programme of physical activities was applied, with a frequency of 1 lesson per week. Entry and exit measurements were taken before the commencement of the programme and after its end, with the help of structured observation, CATO projective tests and interviews with teachers. The data were processed by means of a descriptive statistics level by comparing the average levels. The achieved changes in the level of social skills were subsequently displayed through percentage values. Results: The results indicate that physical activities have a positive effect on the development of children’s social skills. Although the changes are not significant, the experimental group recorded greater changes than the control group in all the evaluated areas; in terms of the overall results, it was actually more than twofold. Discussion: The results cannot be generalized. The results are only valid for our group of children. The reason is the insufficient size of the research sample. Limitations: A significantly limiting factor showed to be the low number of children in the control group. This caused a lack of balance between the two groups in terms of the number of children and their entry level. The length of the intervention program was another limit. Conclusions: Despite the limits of the study, the authors view the results as positive. The reason is the improvement in all the children’s social skills in all the monitored areas, and the more than twofold improvement by the experimental groups compared to the control group.

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Some Aspects of Burnout in Nursing Homes

Psychiatry. Ljubljana: Chamber of Commerce of medical and midwifery care Slovenia, Association of societies registered nurses, midwives and medical technicians, nurses and medical technicians Section in Psychiatry. Maslach, C., & Jackson, S. E. (1981). The measurement of experienced burnout. Journal of Occupational Behavior, 2, 99-113. Morton-Cooper, A. (1984). The end of the rope. Nurs Miror, 159(21), 16. International classification of diseases and related health problems for statistical purposes (ICD-10: the tenth revision

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Gender Differences in Attachment Styles Using Slovak Version of the Experiences in Close Relationships – Revised (ECR-R)

Psychological Assessment, vol. 23, 2007, pp. 47-55. YOUNG-SUN, L. - GROSSMAN, J. - KRISHNAN, A.: Cultural Relevance of Adult Attachment: Rasch Modeling of the Revised Experiences in Close Relationships in a Korean Sample. In Educational & Psychological Measurement, vol. 68, 2008, 5, pp. 824-844.

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