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No Measure without Concept. A Critical Review on the Conceptualization and Measurement of Environmental Concern

Education , 9 (1): 10-19. Dunlap, R. E., G. H. Gallup and A. M. Gallup (1993) ‘Of global concern: Results of the Health of the Planet Surevey’. Environment , 35 (9): 7-15, 33-39. Dunlap, R. E. and R. E. Jones (2002) ‘Environmental Concern: Conceptual and Measurement Issues’ In Dunlap, R. E. and W. Michelson (eds.) Handbook of Environmental Sociology , 482-524. Westport, London: Greenwood Press. Dunlap, R. E. and R. York (2008) ‘The globalization of environmental concern and the limits of the postmaterialist values explanation: Evidence from four

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The Impact of Pictures on Best-Worst Scaling in Web Surveys

References Cook, C., Heath, F., & Thompson, R. L. (2000). A Meta-Analysis of Response Rates in Web-or Internet-Based Surveys. Educational and Psychological Measurement , 60 (6), 821–836. doi:10.1177/00131640021970934 Couper, M. P. (2000). Review: Web surveys: A review of issues and approaches. The Public Opinion Quarterly , 64 (4), 464-494. Couper, M. P. (2001). Web surveys: The questionnaire design challenge. Proceedings of the 53rd session of the ISI . Retrieved from

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New multidimensional approaches to poverty measurement in Bosnia and Herzegovina

References 1. Alkire, S., Foster, J. (2007). Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement . Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative. Working Paper No. 7. Available at [03 November 2016]. 2. Alkire, S., Foster, J. (2011). Counting and Multidimensional Poverty Measurement. Journal of Public Economics , Vol. 95, No. 7-8, pp. 476-487. 3. Alkire, S., Santos, M. E. (2011). Acute Multidimensional Poverty: A New Index for Developing Countries . Oxford Poverty and Human Development

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Class, Status, and Education: The Influence of Parental Resources on IEO in Europe, 1893-1987

Hill: University of North Carolina Press Blau, P. & Duncan, O.D. (1967), The Americal occupational structure, New York, Wiley Bollen, K. A. (1984). Multiple indicators: internal consistency or no necessary relationship? Quality and Quantity, 18(4), 377-385 Bollen, K. A., & Lennox, R. (1991). Conventional wisdom on measurement: A structural equation perspective. Psychological bulletin, 110(2), 305 Boudon, R. (1974), Education, opportunity and social inequality, New York, Wiley Bourdieu, P. & Passeron, J.P. (1977), Reproduction in education, society and culture

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Measuring Dynamics of Risk and Performance of Sector Indices on Zagreb Stock Exchange

, September 23-25, 2015, pp. 413-418. 27. Škrinjarić, T., Besek, B. (2014). Pre and Post Crisis Performance Measurement of Croatian Stock Market. Zagreb International Review of Economics and Business , Vol. 17, pp. 97-116. 28. Škrinjarić, T., Šego, B. (2015) Dynamic modeling of stock and bond return correlation in Croatia. In Proceedings of the 13th International Symposium on Operational Research , Zadnik Stirn, L., Žerovnik, J., Kljajić Borštnar, M., Drobne, S., Eds., Bled, Slovenia, September 23-25, 2015, pp. 419-424. 29. Treynor J. (1965). How to Rate

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How to measure the unmeasurable: Project Grey developing capacities and capabilities for tackling undeclared work


The term “not directly observed” or “the underground economy” refers to those economic activities that should be included in the GDP estimation but which are not recorded in the statistics business surveys or tax and administrative data used in the calculation of the estimates of national accounts because they are not directly observable. The unofficial or informal economy contains that part of the economic activity that is difficult to measure. Thus, in addition to the complex issue of defining the underground production, there is an even more demanding task of measuring it. Hitherto in the literature, various estimation methods of unofficial economy have been proposed and their results differ significantly. The goal of this article is to provide an overview of the various methods of its measurement. The unobserved economy poses estimation problems of economic aggregates that can be differentiated as the total lack of information and the distortion of available information. There is no universal optimal approach applicable to all countries or even to the same country at different periods. In the attempt to limit the underground economy, it is much better to obviate the causes than penalise the consequences. It is necessary to simplify the procedures enabling citizens to formalize their undeclared activities, to provide a tax system that is as stable as possible and a tax and regulatory burden that is as low as possible. What is crucial is the improvement of institutions, professionalization of civil service and removal of the huge impact of politics in the societies.

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The Visual Analogue Scale. An Alternative to the Likert Type Response Scales. An Alternative to the Likert Type Response Scales

Bibliografie Bandalos, D.L. and C.K. Enders (1996) The Effects of Nonnormality and Number of Response Categories on Reliability. Applied Measurement Education , 9(2):151-160. Borgogni L., Petitta L. and C. Barbaranelli (2004) Il Test di Orientamento Motivazionale (TOM) come strumento per la misurazione della motivazione al lavoro (The Test of Motivational Orientations as a tool to measure work motivation). Bollettino di Psicologia Applicata , 243:43-52. Chelcea, S. (2004) Metodologia cercetării sociologice. Metode cantitative şi calitative

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Four Decades of Environmental Sociology Guest Editors’ Foreword

-273. Dunlap, R. E. and R. E. Jones (2002) ‘Environmental Concern: Conceptual and Measurement Issues’ In Dunlap, R. E. and W. Michelson (eds.) Handbook of Environmental Sociology , 482-524. Westport, London: Greenwood Press. Fleischer T. (1992) ‘Cápafogsor a Dunán: a dunai vízlépcső esete’. Társadalomkutatás, 2-3: 28-47. Gross, M. and H. Heinrichs (2010) (eds.) Environmental Sociology: European Perspectives and Interdisciplinary Challenges . Dordrecht: Springer. Mayerfeld Bell, M. (2004) An Invitation to Environmental Sociology . Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

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Efficiency and Social Impact of Public Policies and Third Sector Practices in Bulgaria

Barcelona, Working Paper 02/2002. Boetti, L., M. Piacenza, G. Turati (2009) Fiscal Decentralization and Spending Efficiency of Local Governments An Empirical Investigation on a Sample of Italian Municipalities. Defourny, J. and C. Borzaga (eds.) (2001) The Emergence of Social Enterprise . London: Routledge. Diez-Ticio, A. and Mancebon, M. (2002), ‘The efficiency of Spanish police service: An application of the multiactivity DEA model’, Applied Economics , 34, 351-362. Farrell, M.J. (1957) ‘The measurement of productive efficiency’, Journal of

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Current Views on Social Class, Status, and Mobility

References Alwin, D. F. (1988). Measurement and the Interpretation of Effects in Structural Equation Models. In J. S. Long (Ed.), Common Problems/Proper Solutions: Avoiding Error in Quantitative Research (pp. 15-45). Alwin, D. F., & Wray, L. A. (2005). A Life-Span Developmental Perspective on Social Status and Health. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 60(Special Issue 2), S7-S14. doi: 10.1093/geronb/60. Special_Issue_2.S7 Blau, P. M., & Duncan, O. D. (1978). The American Occupational Structure. New York

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