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Psychometric properties of the Bangla version of the Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K6)

differ in the probabilities of assenting to the Bangla K6 items and their categories. In absence of DIF (which was desirable), the probability of assenting to the Bangla K6 items and their categories would not differ across the student groups. Prior to computing test-retest reliability coefficients, Bland-Altman (BA) plot was used to assess and display agreement and systematic differences between the measurements at two time points. The BA plot examines heteroscedasticity between the measurements and identifies possible outliers. The 95% confidence interval (CI) of

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The effects of Guarana (Paullinia cupana) supplementation on the cognitive performance of young healthy adults – a Systematic Review

effects of herbal extracts and can be used to both mentally impaired and healthy participants ( Kennedy, 2004 ). The tests included in the CDR battery system are immediate/ delayed word recall, word recognition, picture recognition, simple reaction time, digit vigilance, choice reaction time, numeric working memory and spatial working memory. The measurements of the single tests of the battery are combined into five cognitive outcome factors: ‘Speed of Attention’ factor, ‘Speed of Memory’ factor, ‘Accuracy of Attention’ factor, ‘Secondary Memory’ factor and ‘Working

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Association of severity of depressive symptoms with sleep quality, social support and stress among Pakistani medical and dental students: A cross-sectional study

quality and high stress levels. Limitations This study has several limitations. Firstly, the use of convenient sampling and inclusion of only one medical school in the survey limits generalizability of these findings. The cross-sectional nature of this study limits inferences related to causality and temporality, and the use of self-administered questionnaires may introduce recall bias. Use of questionnaire can add recall bias in measurement of mental health indicators. Important variables such as use of pharmacological or psychological treatments among the

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Eating disorders, risk and management: a personal journey and a South African and African perspective

of sustained recovery from anorexia nervosa, the trait of perfectionism remained. This suggested that perfectionism may well be a trait predisposing to development of the condition rather than a state mediated phenomenon. Szabo and Terre Blanche (1997) responded to the study with evidence supporting the finding from their own work involving measurement of “perfectionism” using the Eating Disorders Inventory. Szabo and Terre Blanche (1997) demonstrated that scores on this subscale of the self - report questionnaire remained stable despite recovery and discharge

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Impact of Social Context on the Self-Concept of Gay and Lesbian Youth: A Systematic Review

the methodological criteria (all scores above 22). Table 1 Quality ratings of studies Introduction Methods Number Author (Year) Title/ Abstract Background Rationale Objectives Study Design Setting Participants Variables Data Sources/ Measurement Bias Study Size Quantitative Variables Statistical Methods 1 Detrie & Lease (2007) 1 2 2 0 2 2 2 2 1 2 1 1 2 Dahl & Galliher (2010) 1 2 1 0 1 2 0 1 0 1 1 2 3 Grossman & Kerner (1998) 1 2 2 1

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The Impact of Childhood Trauma and Depressive Symptoms on Body Mass Index

the nearest 0.1 kg with the subject in light clothing and without shoes). From these measurements, the BMI of each subject was calculated (BMI = (weight in kg)/(height in m)2). Current depressive symptoms were assessed in SHIP-LEGEND using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), which is a 21-item self-report questionnaire with high reliability (0.89–0.93) and validity ( Herzberg et al. 2008 ). In SHIP-TREND-0 and GANI_MED, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used, a 9-item self-report questionnaire also with high reliability (.86-.89) and validity

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Nocturnal Enuresis is an Under-recognised Side Effect of Clozapine: Results of a Systematic Review

review. References Balhara Y. Clozapine and bladder control. Br J Psychiatry. 2011;199(6):518-9. 10.1192/bjp.199.6.518a Balhara Y Clozapine and bladder control Br J Psychiatry 2011 199 6 518 – 9 Barry MJ, Fowler FJ Jr, O’Leary MP, Bruskewitz RC, Holtgrewe HL, Mebust WK, Cockett AT. The American Urological Association symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The Measurement Committee of the American Urological Association. J Urol. 1992;148(5):1549-57; discussion 1564. 10.1016/S0022-5347(17)36966-5 Barry MJ Fowler FJ O’Leary MP

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Validation of Bangla parenting style and dimension questionnaire

principal component with varimax rotation. The EFA with the principal component with varimax Table 5 Internal consistency of the PSDQ Bangla. Reliability Statistics Cronbach’s alpha No. of Items Total scale 0.84 35 Authoritative 0.95 20 Authoritarian 0.88 9 Permissive 0.78 6 rotation was used to detect the factorial structure in observed measurements. The KMO and Barlett’s test of sphericity were applied to the fitness of data for factor analysis based on the sample size of the current

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A systematic review of mindfulness based interventions for children and young people with ADHD and their parents

Measures Data analysis Times of measurement follow-up Attrition Generalizability Quality category Carboni (2012) Well covered Well covered Well covered Well covered Poorly addressed Poorly addressed Not applicable Adequately addressed Reasonable Carboni, et al. (2013) Adequately addressed Well covered Well covered Well covered Poorly addressed Poorly addressed Not applicable Adequately addressed Reasonable Haydicky, et al. (2013) Well covered Well covered Well covered Well covered Well covered Well

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Antidepressant drugs for older patients on polypharmacy: a systematic review reveals best evidence for sertraline

measurement, no discontinuation report, etc.). Besides the RCTs, only trials found within the clinical trials’ filter were included. Study selection, data extraction and outcomes MS and JSM searched the trials with the defined searching strategy. MS identified appropriate trials. We extracted the following from each trial: title of the paper (full title); name of the authors; publication year; study design (double blind; single blind; open label); inclusion/exclusion criteria; interventions; outcomes (primary and secondary); main conclusions. In those trials where

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