Asaduzzaman Khan, Riaz Uddin, Naznin Alam, Shuhana Sultana, Mahbub-Ul Alam and Rushdiá Ahmed
differ in the probabilities of assenting to the Bangla K6 items and their categories. In absence of DIF (which was desirable), the probability of assenting to the Bangla K6 items and their categories would not differ across the student groups.
Prior to computing test-retest reliability coefficients, Bland-Altman (BA) plot was used to assess and display agreement and systematic differences between the measurements at two time points. The BA plot examines heteroscedasticity between the measurements and identifies possible outliers. The 95% confidence interval (CI) of
effects of herbal extracts and can be used to both mentally impaired and healthy participants ( Kennedy, 2004 ). The tests included in the CDR battery system are immediate/ delayed word recall, word recognition, picture recognition, simple reaction time, digit vigilance, choice reaction time, numeric working memory and spatial working memory. The measurements of the single tests of the battery are combined into five cognitive outcome factors: ‘Speed of Attention’ factor, ‘Speed of Memory’ factor, ‘Accuracy of Attention’ factor, ‘Secondary Memory’ factor and ‘Working
Ahmed Waqas, Aqsa Iftikhar, Zahra Malik, Kapil Kiran Aedma, Hafsa Meraj and Sadiq Naveed
quality and high stress levels.
This study has several limitations. Firstly, the use of convenient sampling and inclusion of only one medical school in the survey limits generalizability of these findings. The cross-sectional nature of this study limits inferences related to causality and temporality, and the use of self-administered questionnaires may introduce recall bias. Use of questionnaire can add recall bias in measurement of mental health indicators. Important variables such as use of pharmacological or psychological treatments among the
of sustained recovery from anorexia nervosa, the trait of perfectionism remained. This suggested that perfectionism may well be a trait predisposing to development of the condition rather than a state mediated phenomenon. Szabo and Terre Blanche (1997) responded to the study with evidence supporting the finding from their own work involving measurement of “perfectionism” using the Eating Disorders Inventory. Szabo and Terre Blanche (1997) demonstrated that scores on this subscale of the self - report questionnaire remained stable despite recovery and discharge
Lara N. Schulze, Sandra Van der Auwera, Deborah Janowitz, Johannes Hertel, Katharina Wittfeld, René Walk, Nele Friedrich, Henry Völzke and Hans J. Grabe
the nearest 0.1 kg with the subject in light clothing and without shoes). From these measurements, the BMI of each subject was calculated (BMI = (weight in kg)/(height in m)2).
Current depressive symptoms were assessed in SHIP-LEGEND using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), which is a 21-item self-report questionnaire with high reliability (0.89–0.93) and validity ( Herzberg et al. 2008 ). In SHIP-TREND-0 and GANI_MED, the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was used, a 9-item self-report questionnaire also with high reliability (.86-.89) and validity
Balhara Y. Clozapine and bladder control. Br J Psychiatry. 2011;199(6):518-9. 10.1192/bjp.199.6.518a Balhara Y Clozapine and bladder control Br J Psychiatry 2011 199 6 518 – 9
Barry MJ, Fowler FJ Jr, O’Leary MP, Bruskewitz RC, Holtgrewe HL, Mebust WK, Cockett AT. The American Urological Association symptom index for benign prostatic hyperplasia. The Measurement Committee of the American Urological Association. J Urol. 1992;148(5):1549-57; discussion 1564. 10.1016/S0022-5347(17)36966-5 Barry MJ Fowler FJ O’Leary MP
principal component with varimax rotation. The EFA with the principal component with varimax
Internal consistency of the PSDQ Bangla.
No. of Items
rotation was used to detect the factorial structure in observed measurements. The KMO and Barlett’s test of sphericity were applied to the fitness of data for factor analysis based on the sample size of the current
Times of measurement follow-up
Carboni, et al. (2013)
Haydicky, et al. (2013)
measurement, no discontinuation report, etc.). Besides the RCTs, only trials found within the clinical trials’ filter were included.
Study selection, data extraction and outcomes
MS and JSM searched the trials with the defined searching strategy. MS identified appropriate trials. We extracted the following from each trial: title of the paper (full title); name of the authors; publication year; study design (double blind; single blind; open label); inclusion/exclusion criteria; interventions; outcomes (primary and secondary); main conclusions. In those trials where