Sait Ege Eryürük, Canan Hekimoğlu, Elif Tuba Akçin and Yeliz Çavuşoğlu
IA. Intrarater repeatability of shade selections with two shade guides. J Prosthet Dent, 2003;89:50-53.
6. Havwood VB, Leonard RH, Nelson CF, Brunson WD. Effectiveness, side effects and long term status of night guard vital bleaching. J Am Dent Assoc, 1994;125:1219-1226.
7. Seghi RR, Johnston WM, O’Brien WJ. Performance assesment of colorimetric devices on dental porcelains J Dent Res, 1989;68:1755-1759.
8. Goodkind RJ, Keenan KM, Schwabacher WB. A comparison of chromascan and spectrophotometric color measurements of 100 natural teeth. J Prosthet
Bernadette Kerekes-Máthé, Csaba Dudás, Nóra Csergő and Krisztina Mártha
1. Harris E, Smith RN. Accounting for measurement error: a critical but often overlooked process. Arch Oral Biol . 2009;54S:107-117.
2. Bland JM, Altman DG. Statistical notes: measurement error. BMJ Clinical Research . 1996;313:744.
3. Smith R, Zaitoun H, Coxon T, et al. Defining new dental phenotypes using 3-D image analysis to enhance discrimination and insights into biological processes. Arch Oral Biol . 2009;54:S118-S125.
4. Brook A, Smith R, Elcock C, Al-Sharood M, Shah A, Karmo M. The measurement of tooth morphology
Manal Mohsen, Hanaa Wafay, Maha El-Shamy, Maysa Saleh and Mervat Agybi
Otto B, Tscho p M, Heldwein1 W, Pfeiffer AFH, Diederich S. Endogenous and exogenous glucocorticoids decrease plasma ghrelin in humans. Eur J Endocrinol. 2004;51:113-117.
Temple RC, Clarck PM, Hales CN. Measurement of insulin secretion in type 2 diabetes: problems and pitfalls. Diabetic Medicine. 1992;9:503-512.
Pirazzoli P, et al. Active and total ghrelin concentrations in the newborn. J Pediatr Endocrinol Metab. 2005;18:379-384.
Shimizu T, Kitamura T, Yoshikawa N, Suganuma H, Hisata K
Background/Aim: Genetic and environmental etiologic factors have been described for maxillary canine impaction, except for the trabecular bone characteristics in the impacted area. The aim of this study was to evaluate the surface area and bone density using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) images of patients with maxillary impacted canines.
Material and Methods: The sample comprised preorthodontic treatment, CBCT images of 24 participants with unilateral maxillary impacted canines, using the impacted side as study group and the non-impacted side as control group. CBCT images were acquired in portrait mode (17 × 23 cm high field of view) at 120 kV, 5 mA, 8.9 seconds exposure time, and 0.3 mm voxel size. Each root was divided into three levels (cervical, intermediate, and apical) to determine whether the bone density change varied with the tooth level. Moreover, each level was divided into four regions (palatal, distal, mesial, and buccal sides). Bone density was measured using Hounsfield Units. Comparisons were made using paired t tests and linear regression. Repeated measurements were obtained randomly from about 20% of the sample.
Results: In subjects with unilateral impactions, the maxillary bone density was higher in the impacted side, with a mean difference of 350 HU. Bone density increases in the corono-apical direction of about 100 HU in the impaction site and about 50 HU in the site of the erupted canine. The repeated measurements showed similar results.
Conclusions: The maxillary alveolar bone area and bone density are increased in the impacted side compared with the nonimpacted side.
Özge Özdal Zincir, Gökay Karapinar, Meral Ünür and Ahmet Bülent Katiboğlu
periodontal ligament. Int J Periodontal Rest Dent, 1991;11:88-91.
11. Akça K, Çehreli MC, İplikçioğlu H. A comparison of three-dimensional finite element stress analysis with in vitro strain gauge measurements on dental implants. Int J Prosthodont, 2002;15:115-121.
12. Akça K, İplikçioğlu H. Finite element stress analysis of the influence of staggered versus straight placement of dental implants. Int J Oral Maxillofac Implants, 2001;16:722-730.
13. O’Mahony AM, Williams JL, Katz JQ, Spencer P. Anisotropic elastic properties of cancellous bone from a human
Bennur Esen, Emel Sağlam Gokmen, Mahmut Kaya, Burak Ozkan and Ahmet Engin Atay
. [ 4 , 5 ]
Obesity is a risk factor for IR; however, quantity and distribution of body fat are important determinants of obesity-related risk factors. [ 6 ] Abdominal or visceral fat is associated with higher incidence of IR and cardiovascular (CV) problems. [ 7 ] Anthropometry is a term used to define the measurements of specific body segments or regions. Anthropometric measurements including height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and body fat distribution provide valuable data regarding the future risk of diabetes and CVDs. [ 8 ]
We aimed to examine the
Abbes Mohamed Abdelhaq, Bereksi-Reguig Karima, Aissani Mira, Chenaoui Ibrahim and Bouguerra Sami
, Bessesen DH, Pagliassotti MJ, Horton TJ. The effects of sex, metabolic syndrome and exercise on postprandial lipemia. Metabolism 62: 244-254, 2013.
13. Fogal AS, Franceschini Sdo C, Priore SE, Cotta RM, Ribeiro AQ. Stature estimation using the knee height measurement amongst Brazilian elderly. Nutr Hosp 31: 829-834, 2015.
14. Frérot L, Lefur PH, Lepape A, Sermet C. L’hypertension artérielle en France: Prévalence et prise en charge thérapeutique. Bulletin d’information en économie de la santé 22: 1-6, 1999. Accessed at http
1. Sakamoto H, Ogawa Y, Yoshida H. Relationship between testicular volume and testicular function: comparison of the Prader orchidometric and ultrasonographic measurements in patients with infertility. Asian J Androl. 2008;10(2):319-24.
2. Sakamoto H, Saito K, Oohta M, Inoue K, Ogawa Y, Yoshida H. Testicular volume measurement: comparison of ultrasonography, orchidometry, and water displacement. Urology. 2007;69(1):152-7.
3. Bahk JY, Jung JH, Jin LM, Min SK. Cut-off value of testes volume in young
Soha M Abd El-Dayem, Sahar A El-Masry, Hamed Elghawaby, Farid Gamil Amin and Ibrahim A Ibrahim
1. Berker D, Koparal S, Iþik S, Paþaoðlu L, Aydin Y, Erol K, Delibaþi T, Güler S. Compatibility of different methods for the measurement of visceral fat in different body mass index strata. Diagn Interv Radiol. 2010;16(2):99-105.
2. Yu OK, Rhee YK, Park TS, Cha YS. Comparisons of obesity assessments in over-weight elementary students using anthropometry, BIA, CT and DEXA. Nutr Res Pract. 2010; 4(2):128-35.
3. Ghalli I, Salah N, Hussien F, Erfan M, El-Ruby M, Mazen I, Sabry M, Abd El-Razik M