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The objectives of this research were to create the trial and develop the creation of Executive Function-EF Model. The research consisted of 3 procedures, which were 1) The formation of sample, which was teachers and parents from the school under Suan Dusit University’s Network; 2) The trial of sample, which was children between 3-5 years old from 6 schools under Suan Dusit University’s Network; and 3) The development of key informants, which were the Executive Function-EF Model specialists in terms of measurement and evaluation and early childhood education, including the representatives of teacher, administrator, and parents from the school under Suan Dusit University’s Network. The content analysis was used in the qualitative data analysis. The average, standard deviation, and dependent t-test were used in the quantitative data analysis. The research results found that 1. The creation of Executive Function-EF Model consisted of 4 components, which were principle, objective, learning process, and evaluation; 2. The trial result of the creation of Executive Function-EF Model was that the development of creation of Executive Function-EF Model of preschool children in the overall image and each aspect after using the model was higher than before using the model with the statistically significance level of .001 and 3. The result of the development of creation of Executive Function-EF Model was that the creation of Executive Function-EF Model that was developed was suitable to be used and had the possibility to be put into practice in a high level.
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-Sánchez & Robin Linacre, Refining the Measurement of Consistency in Sentencing: A Methodological Review , 44 I NT ’ L J. L. C RIME & J UST . 68, 78 tbl.1 (2016). For more information on the potential limitations on single-level models, see the methodological Appendix. The study also responds to a call for more research on court-level factors in judicial decisionmaking. Rob Tillyer & Richard Hartley, The Use and Impact of Fast-Track Departures: Exploring Prosecutorial and Judicial Discretion in Federal Immigration Cases , 62 C RIME & D ELINQ . 1624, 1640 (2016). In the
exist for one purpose only, to maximize shareholders’ wealth.” Id . at 2). increasingly companies are determining that many considerations other than maximizing short-term profits actually contribute to their medium- and long-term viability. See generally Manuela Weber, The Business Case for Corporate Social Responsibility: A Company-Level Measurement Approach for CSR , 26 Eur. Mgmt J. 247, 248-252 (2008). An appreciation of the various stakeholders in a company and their respective duties and obligations is fundamental to understanding the different
collection of willful commands, untethered from socially-recognizable rules of at least substantial predictability that are administered with at least substantial impartiality, is not the rule of law, but the rule of men—and not only is formulating a legal rule without using legal concepts impossible, but a legal rule is a legal concept. Here, we can usefully employ the term a priori . Even something as simple as “Do not exceed 55MPH” involves multiple prior legal concepts such as “a rule,” “meant to guide subjects’ behavior,” “a measurement of physical speed meant to
affirmative duty, or not determine it fully, because specification requires an ordering of competing goods—alternative possibilities that possess intrinsic, intelligible value but which cannot all be pursued because of limitations of time, resources, abilities, and other human limitations—and those goods will not be measurable against each other on any common scale of measurement. Basic goods are incommensurable. See generally R AZ , Freedom , supra note 9, at 145-46, 279-84; Finnis, supra note 5, at Chs. III, IV, and V. And therefore the goods chosen and pursued
Past 25 Years? , 25 J. E CON . P ERSP . 181 (2011); Robert Gibbons, Four Formal(izable) Theories of the Firm , 58 J. E CON . B EHAV . & O RG .200 (2005).
A more general approach in commercial contexts is quality control. Quality control (of products and services) includes the incentive-related measures just mentioned but is grounded on direct measurement and evaluation of outcomes. Firms inspect and test finished products and services for adherence to design specifications and customer satisfaction. A feedback loop adjusts organizational practices and incentive
guidelines that the Federal Home Administration and private lenders developed to calculate how much of an annual salary a law school graduate has to earn in relation to annual law school tuition to achieve marginal, adequate, and good ratios of income to debt. Jim Chen, A Degree of Practical Wisdom: The Ratio of Educational Debt to Income as a Basic Measurement of Law School Graduates’ Economic Viability , 38 Wm. Mitchell L. Rev. 1185 (2012). See also Jim Chen, ARM-Twisting “A Degree of Practical Wisdom”: A One-Year Readjustment of Legal Education’s Debt-Based Stress