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Impact of secondary landscape structure on the presence of non-native plant species in the cadastral area of the Topoľčany town

of selected GIS extensions for the analysis of secondary landscape structure of the Handlová town. In H. Svobodová (Ed.), Geography and geoinformatics: Challenge for practise and education . Proceedings of 19th International Conference (pp. 132–140). Brno: Masarykova univerzita. Oláhová, J., Vojtek, M. & Boltižiar M. (2013). Application of geoinformation technologies for the assessment of landscape structure using landscape-ecological indexes (case study of the Handlová landslide). Tájökológiai Lapok , 11(2), 351−366. Pauková, Ž. & Eliáš P. (2010

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Data sources on landscape structure in a highly industrialized area

. Wyd. PWN. Warszawa. Mapa hydrograficzna Polski 1:50 000, sheets: M-34-62-A, M-34-62-B, M-34-62-C, M-34-62-D, M-34-63-A, Gł. Geodeta Kraju, Warszawa, 2001. Mapa topograficzna Polski 1:10 000, sheet: M-34-62-B-c-2, Gł. Geodeta Kraju, Warszawa, 1994. Mazurek K. 2014a. Landscape structure changes in the Slepiotka River drainage basin in the period 1824-1993 (The Silesian Upland, Poland). Contemporary Trends in Geosci., 3: 32-40. Mazurek K. 2014b. Rozwój górnictwa węgla kamiennego w Rudzie Śląskiej od XVIII

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Development of soil parameters and changing landscape structure in conditions of cold mountain climate (Case Study Liptovsk Á Teplička)

. Sarkar, B., Patra, A.K., Purakayastha, T.J. & Megharaj M. (2009). Assessment of biological and biochemical indicators in soil under transgenic Bt and non-Bt cotton crop in a sub-tropical environment. Environ. Monit Assess. , 156, 595−604. DOI: 10.1007/s10661-008-0508-y. Sinsabaugh, R.L., Findlay, S., Franchini, P. & Fischer D. (1997). Enzymatic analysis of riverine bacterioplankton production. Limnol. Oceanogr ., 48(1), 29-38. Solar, V. (2012). Changes of the city of Poprad from the point of view of landscape structure. In H. Svobodova

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Delimitation of landscape units treated as estimation fields in the modelling of a landscape system

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to represent the hierarchical structure of an environment by using two concepts: typology and regionalization. The Płock Region (1,766.95 sq. km) and transect crossing this area (796.2 sq. km) is the research location. It was divided into 710 individual landscape units (319 in the transect border). The existing physical-geographical regionalization, including macro-, meso- and micro-regions, was elaborated using a deductive (top-down) method, which was supplemented by a more detailed regionalization, obtained by an inductive (bottom-up) method called analysis of borders (Richling 1976). The study area was divided into more detailed sub-regions: first-level regions (87 units), second-level regions (36 units) and third-level regions (9 units). In fact, the landscape structure of third-level regions is similar to micro-regions. This is proof of the complementary nature of the two approaches – deductive and inductive regionalization, and the hierarchical landscape structure.

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Methods of Historical Landscape Structures Identification and Implementation into Landscape Studies

Landscape Structures in Context of Contemporary Reality (in Slovak). Životné prostredie, 38, 86-89. Jakubec, B. (2011). IInfluence of Land Use with Dispersed Settlements on Landscape´s Diversity and Biodiversity. PhD thesis, Technicka univerzita, Zvolen. Jančura, P., Bohalova, I., Slamova, M. & Mišikova P. (2010). Method of identification and assessment of characteristic landscape appearance. In Bulletin of the Ministry of Environment of Slovak Republic, Part 1b, 18, 2-51. Bratislava: MŽP SR. Kunz, M. (2010). Diversity of

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Franziscean Cadastre in Landscape Structure Research: A Systematic Review

Introduction Changes in the landscape structure are recognized as having a significant environmental impact on a global scale ( Foley et al. 2005 , Rockström et al. 2009 ). The historical sources, in particular historical map sources, are of growing importance in the fields of environmental history ( Woitschová 2017 ) and land use reconstruction ( Yang et al. 2014 , Fuchs et al. 2015 ). They enable scholars to research and extrapolate the data necessary for the evaluation of the past states of the environment that are closely connected with land use change

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Landsliding as a Limit to Possible Territorial Development in the Kysuce Region

Abstract

The growing development of settlements in mountainous areas and their sustainable development constantly requires new approaches to assess the land in terms of occurrence of landslides. The flysch zone, where the monitored area is located, is one of the most landslide prone areas in Slovakia. Landslides respond sensitively to the quality of the individual factors that form the landscape and to the change of natural conditions. Their occurrence is a geo-barrier that reduces or totally prevents the use of natural environment and negatively affects the life of population and territorial development. The reason for the increased hazard of landslides is not only demographic pressure on territories, but also its poor management. Consistent spatial planning addresses not only the spatial layout but also the functional use of the territory. Landslides represent one of the limits of land use. This study is based on the assessment of landsliding as a limit to possible territorial development. The input parameters for the assessment were elements of the current landscape structure (built up structure, forest stands, transitional woodland-shrubs, traditional agricultural land, permanent grasslands and arable land) and occurring landslides (active, potential and stabilized). On most of the determined elements of the landscape, landslides occur on about a quarter of their area. They have a smaller share only in areas of mixed forests, built up areas and have the smallest share on arable land. Potential landslides have the largest proportion on all landscape elements. They occupy the largest areas on coniferous forests (1578.93 ha) and on permanent grasslands (741.33 ha). By evaluating the overall endangerment of the area by landslides according to the degree of threat, we found that the greatest threat of landslides is in the Skalité and Svrčinovec cadastral areas, the smallest threat is in the Čadca cadastral area. In addition to the danger of landsliding in the individual elements of the landscape, we have also set limits for its development. Spatial planning limits have been divided into two categories according to the sectors they affect the most: limiting the development of an area assigned for residential building, or restricting the development of an area designed for agricultural and forestry purposes.

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Can we combine structural functionality and landscape services assessments in order to estimate the impact of landscape structure on landscape services?

-451. BURKHARD, B., KROLL, F., MÜLLER, F., WINDHORST, W. (2009): Landscapes' capacities to provide ecosystem services - a concept for land-cover based assessment. Landscape Online, Vol. 15, p. 1-22. CUSHMAN, S. A., MCGARIGAL, K., NEEL, M. C. (2008): Parsimony in landscape metrics: strength, universality and consistency. Ecological Indicators, Vol. 8, p. 691-703. DAUBER, J. et al. (2003): Landscape structure as an indicator of biodiversity: matrix effects on species richness. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, Vol. 98, p. 321

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Land cover as a factor affecting the structure and modifying the dynamics of a landscape system

modeling and evaluating multiscale landscape structures’, International Archives of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, vol. 34, part 4/W5, pp. 22–29. eCognition Developer 8.64.0 User Guide, 2010, Trimble Documentation, München, Germany. Griffiths, GH, Lee, J & Eversham, BC 2000, ‘Landscape pattern and species richness; regional scale analysis from remote sensing’, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 21, pp. 2685–2704. Gulinck, H, Múgica, M, de Lucio, JV & Atauri, JA 2001, ‘A

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Main aspects of system hierarchy in ecological landscape research

, development, applications, (Pub) George Braziller. Bissonette, JA, 1997, ‘Scale-sensitive ecological properties: historical context, current meaning’ in Wildlife and landscape ecology: effects of pattern and scale, ed JA Bissonette, Springer-Verlag, New York, USA, pp. 3–15. Blaschke, T & Petch, J 1999, ‘Landscape structure and scale: comparative studies on some landscape indices in Germany and the UK’ in Heterogeneity in landscape ecology: pattern and scale eds M Maudsley & J Marshall, IALE UK, Bristol, pp. 75

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