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The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and the challenge of integrating social sciences and humanities

science and nature science - in Swedish), Stockholm: Natur och Kultur. Roughley, A., 2005: Knowing People. Reflections on Integrating Social Science 1978-2002, Canberra: Land and Water Australia. Sjölander-Lindqvist, A., 2008: Local identity, science and politics indivisible: The Swedish wolf controversy deconstructed. In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 10(1), pp. 71-94. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15239080701652672. Stenseke, M., 2016: Integrated landscape management and the complicating issue of

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Immigrants and Immigration Policy in Ageing Finland

References Act on the Application of Residence-Based Social Security Legislation (1573/1993), 1993: Helsinki: Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, accessed on: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/kaannokset/1993/en19931573.pdf Act on the Integration of Immigrants and Reception of Asylum Seekers (439/1999), 1999: Helsinki: Ministry of Labour, accessed on: http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9990493.PDF Aliens Act (301/2004), 2004: Helsinki: Ministry of the Interior, accessed on: http

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Role of green areas for space integration of Kraków’s Metropolitan Area

Abstract

The Kraków Metropolitan Area (KOM) is a specific functional region comprising a big city that is the Kraków metropolis, together with its neighbouring complex of settlements with a variety of mutual interactions. The social and economic space requires multi-dimensional enhancement of its interrelations and partial rehabilitation of its developed areas; it constitutes, at the same time, a potential which strengthens the position of Kraków as a European city. A clear structure of the metropolitan area and its internal links through green seams provide the basis for functional and spatial integration of the metropolis. The greenery, comprised in larger natural structures such as river parks and green wedges, enhances the area’s polycentric concept. The shaping of the urban tissue of Kraków and its suburban zone by composing and building a network of open spaces is the basic criterion for developing a coherent metropolitan area with a sustainable structure. Many problems of the urban environment and its surroundings can be fully understood through their analyses in various scales. In order to better illustrate this complex system of interrelations, reference should be made in analyses to the macroregional scale then narrowing them to the regional scale, to ultimately go down to the metropolis. The issues covered in the paper concern open areas which should not be discussed without a broader spectrum because the notion of green areas is understood to mean primarily spaces which are networked and intertwined with the settlement structure. Some of them are clear, for instance the greenery which accompanies water courses, and easy to identify. Marshlands are mostly linearly continuous and this makes them coherent in their nature. Other green areas (apart from larger forest complexes) are not of essential significance for the integration of the metropolis. The example of Kraków shows that the KOM (1) has a big potential expressed through its natural environment in the form of green areas. The anthropopressure, however, is so high that open spaces are being absorbed by developments. It is riverside areas which have retained a clear structure of interrelations and they should be perceived as the future for the links in the metropolitan area.

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Kangerlussuaq: evolution and maturation of a cultural landscape in Greenland

Abstract

The cultural landscape reflects the composite influences of the regional physical, cultural, and technological environments. It is a dynamic entity which evolves over time and the perceptions of its human inhabitants is influential in the process. This paper is a descriptive analysis of Kangerlussuaq, a young but maturing settlement located in west Greenland near the inland ice. The site’s natural resource base did not attract permanent settlement by the Inuit or Scandinavian colonists, but in the early days of the World War II, the American military took advantage of the exceptional flying conditions here and established an air base. In time, civilian functions developed as Kangerlussuaq became the hub for air travel in Greenland. A transitory utilitarian settlement was eventually transformed into a more permanent settlement. In recent years there seems to be a growing sense of community and place attachment as the cultural landscape begins to exhibit more of the components of a real ‘town’.

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Telecommunication traffic: global disparities and international flows

diffusion - in Russian). In: Izvestiya RAN, Seriya geograficheskaya, No. 5, Мoscow, pp. 30-40. Sintserov, L., 2000: Dlinnye volny globalnoy integratsii (Long waves of global integration - in Russian). In: Mirovaya economika i mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya, No. 5, Moscow, pp. 56-64. Sintserov, L., 2004: Pervaya globalnaya informatsionnaya set (The first global information network - in Russian). In: Izvestiya RAN, Seriya geograficheskaya, No. 3, Moscow, pp. 71-75. Standage, T., 1998: The Victorian Internet: The Remarkable Story

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The spatial production of a border-crossing civil society in Görlitz and Zgorzelec. A German point of view

-212. Weiske, C., Schucknecht, K. and Ptaszek, M., 2008: Über die Grenze: Die integrative Kraft des Lebensalltags in der Doppelstadt Görlitz-Zgorzelec (Over the border: the integrative force of everyday life in the twin-city Görlitz-Zgorzelec - in German). In: Jurczek, P. and Niedobitek, M. editors, Europäische Forschungsperspektiven: Elemente einer Europawissenschaft, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot. Welter, F., Veleva, N., Kolb, S., Schweitzer, F., Heubner, B. and Luhmer, R., 2008: Regional Summary Report of Görlitz, Germany, (Challenges and Prospects of cross

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Transformations of the Employment Structure as an Expression of the Transformation of Polish Industry Against the Background of the European Union

-Kraków: Akademia Pedagogiczna, pp. 53-85. Rachwał, T. 2009: Changes of Industry in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe under Conditions of Economic Transformation and European Integration. In: Kitowski, J. editor, Countries of Central & Eastern Europe Versus Global Economic Crisis, Geopolitical Studies , Vol. 15, Warsaw: Polish Academy of Sciences - Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization, pp. 133-164. Rachwał, T. and Wiedermann, K. 2008: Multiplier Effects in Regional Development: The Case of the Motor

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Multiple-land use practices in transfrontier conservation areas: the case of Greater Mapungubwe straddling parts of Botswana, South Africa and Zimbabwe

conference, 30 October to 1 November, Melbourne, Department of the Environment, Sport and Territories, Canberra. Muchapondwa, E., Biggs, H., Driver, A., Matose, F., Moore, K., Mungatana, E. and Scheepers, K., 2009: Using economic incentives to encourage conservation in bioregions in South Africa, Working paper No. 20. Munthali, S.M., 2007: Transfrontier conservation areas: Integrating biodiversity and poverty alleviation in Southern Africa. In: Natural Resources Forum, Vol. 31, pp. 51-60. Noe, C., 2010: Spatiality and

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Conceptual framework of value creation through CSR in separate member of value creation chain

performance - financial performance link. In: Strategic Management Journal , Vol. 18, No. 4, pp. 303-320. Wang, E.T.G. and Wei, H.-L., 2007: Interorganizational governance value creation: Coordinating for information visibility and flexibility in supply chains. In: Decision Sciences , Vol. 38, No. 4, pp. 647-674. Watts, D., 2003: Six degrees: The science of a connected age, New York: Norton. Yuan, W., Bao, Y. and Verbeke, A., 2011: Integrating CSR initiatives in business: an organizing framework. In: Journal of Business

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Neighbouring the different: Social interaction in a Warsaw subarea

Abstract

In the paper patterns of social interaction are examined, as shaped by an inflow of new residents to an inner-city subarea characterized by a low socio-economic status and featuring ethnic homogeneity. The empirical material is derived from a set of semi-structured interviews conducted by the authors with the area’s inhabitants, and with representatives of local governance arrangement and initiatives. The analysis is based on the concepts of social hyper-diversity, social networks, the concept of place and the research on gentrification. Sub-categories of residents are distinguished by referring to both functional and emotional types of social relations they enter into. The findings point at the formation of networks of integrative nature, mostly such that are supported by the use of common urban space, across the social categories identified, but also to limits and obstacles to social integration, both general and those specific to the case study area.

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