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Optimal Spatial Allocation of Labour Force and Employment Protection Legislation (EPL)

integration – the Eurozone. Labour mobility is especially important in the context of the latter as a traditional mechanism of adjustment to asymmetric economic shocks. Mobility usually absorbs a certain amount of the asymmetric shocks over time. Similarly, movements associated with these shocks have increased because of the euro-monetary integration, and have a direct impact on wages due to such respective adjustments ( Arpaia et al., 2016 ). The latest Eurozone financial crisis is a characteristic long-term macro-economic shock carrying over asymmetric effects. This

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The Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and the challenge of integrating social sciences and humanities

science and nature science - in Swedish), Stockholm: Natur och Kultur. Roughley, A., 2005: Knowing People. Reflections on Integrating Social Science 1978-2002, Canberra: Land and Water Australia. Sjölander-Lindqvist, A., 2008: Local identity, science and politics indivisible: The Swedish wolf controversy deconstructed. In: Journal of Environmental Policy and Planning, 10(1), pp. 71-94. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/15239080701652672. Stenseke, M., 2016: Integrated landscape management and the complicating issue of

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Immigrants and Immigration Policy in Ageing Finland

References Act on the Application of Residence-Based Social Security Legislation (1573/1993), 1993: Helsinki: Ministry of Social Affairs and Health, accessed on: http://www.finlex.fi/fi/laki/kaannokset/1993/en19931573.pdf Act on the Integration of Immigrants and Reception of Asylum Seekers (439/1999), 1999: Helsinki: Ministry of Labour, accessed on: http://www.finlex.fi/pdf/saadkaan/E9990493.PDF Aliens Act (301/2004), 2004: Helsinki: Ministry of the Interior, accessed on: http

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Role of green areas for space integration of Kraków’s Metropolitan Area

Abstract

The Kraków Metropolitan Area (KOM) is a specific functional region comprising a big city that is the Kraków metropolis, together with its neighbouring complex of settlements with a variety of mutual interactions. The social and economic space requires multi-dimensional enhancement of its interrelations and partial rehabilitation of its developed areas; it constitutes, at the same time, a potential which strengthens the position of Kraków as a European city. A clear structure of the metropolitan area and its internal links through green seams provide the basis for functional and spatial integration of the metropolis. The greenery, comprised in larger natural structures such as river parks and green wedges, enhances the area’s polycentric concept. The shaping of the urban tissue of Kraków and its suburban zone by composing and building a network of open spaces is the basic criterion for developing a coherent metropolitan area with a sustainable structure. Many problems of the urban environment and its surroundings can be fully understood through their analyses in various scales. In order to better illustrate this complex system of interrelations, reference should be made in analyses to the macroregional scale then narrowing them to the regional scale, to ultimately go down to the metropolis. The issues covered in the paper concern open areas which should not be discussed without a broader spectrum because the notion of green areas is understood to mean primarily spaces which are networked and intertwined with the settlement structure. Some of them are clear, for instance the greenery which accompanies water courses, and easy to identify. Marshlands are mostly linearly continuous and this makes them coherent in their nature. Other green areas (apart from larger forest complexes) are not of essential significance for the integration of the metropolis. The example of Kraków shows that the KOM (1) has a big potential expressed through its natural environment in the form of green areas. The anthropopressure, however, is so high that open spaces are being absorbed by developments. It is riverside areas which have retained a clear structure of interrelations and they should be perceived as the future for the links in the metropolitan area.

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Kangerlussuaq: evolution and maturation of a cultural landscape in Greenland

Abstract

The cultural landscape reflects the composite influences of the regional physical, cultural, and technological environments. It is a dynamic entity which evolves over time and the perceptions of its human inhabitants is influential in the process. This paper is a descriptive analysis of Kangerlussuaq, a young but maturing settlement located in west Greenland near the inland ice. The site’s natural resource base did not attract permanent settlement by the Inuit or Scandinavian colonists, but in the early days of the World War II, the American military took advantage of the exceptional flying conditions here and established an air base. In time, civilian functions developed as Kangerlussuaq became the hub for air travel in Greenland. A transitory utilitarian settlement was eventually transformed into a more permanent settlement. In recent years there seems to be a growing sense of community and place attachment as the cultural landscape begins to exhibit more of the components of a real ‘town’.

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Stakeholders in the local service centre: who should be involved in the planning process? Insights from Poland, Czech Republic and Denmark

Abstract

Local service centres play a vital role in shaping the quality of life in urban neighbourhoods. They offer access to essential everyday services (shops, education, healthcare, personal services) and to public spaces. If they are properly planned and managed, they can bring particular added values to a local community, such as social integration and territorial identification. The history of urban planning has produced several patterns of local service centres (ancient agora, mediaeval market square, neighbourhood unit, modern agora) but today a question arises: how can a local service centre be successfully planned and organised in post-modern political practice? How can its potential be realised and the ever-changing needs, expectations and preferences of local communities be met? Who should be involved in those processes? To answer those questions in this paper we refer to citizen participation and public communication concepts, where selecting the appropriate stakeholders emerges as a necessary starting point for effective urban governance. We present the results of in-depth interviews with local actors (local authorities, municipality officials, town planners, non-governmental organisations, local leaders) in Poland (Wrocław, Siechnice, Ostrów Wielkopolski, Warszawa and Zabierzów), Czech Republic (Prague) and Denmark (Copenhagen). Depending on the specific local context, various stakeholders are perceived as essential to the decision-making process. The power relations and problems encountered in implementing public policy in particular locations have been summarised in three sections: relationships between stakeholders, leadership, and good practices. The paper concludes with a list of typical actors who should be involved in planning, building and managing a local service centre in an urbanised neigh-bourhood.

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The application of new technologies in promoting a healthy lifestyle: selected examples

: integrating environmental and public health perspectives. Public Health , 14, 270-278. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.puhe.2016.09.019 Hello Lamp Post (2013). Available at: https://www.play-ablecity.com/projects/hello-lamp-post/ (18.02.2017). JCDecaux’s Inteligent Street Furniture (2016). Available at: http://www.jcdecaux.com/en/Innovation-Design/JCDecaux-s-Intelligent-Street-Furniture (12.04.2017). Kamboj, A.K. Kriszna, S.G. (2016). Pokémon GO: An innovative smartphone gaming application with health benefits. Promary Care Diabetes , 11(4), 397

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Geographical mobility among retired US migrants living in the Northwestern region of Mexico bordering California, US

-Rodríguez, V., editors, Environmental Gerontology in Europe and Latin America: Policies and Perspectives on Environment and Aging, International Perspectives on Aging, Vol. 13, New York: Springer Publishing Company, pp. 73-91. Rojas, V., LeBlanc, H.P. and Sunil, T. S., 2014: US Retirement Migration to Mexico: Understanding Issues of Adaptation, Networking, and Social Integration. In: Journal of International Migration and Integration, Vol. 15(2), pp. 257-273. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12134-013-0278-4 Shelley, E., 1996: Your Guide to

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Settlement Type and Educational Effectiveness of Polish Schools on the Example of the Kujawsko-Pomorskie Voivoideship

[Settlement geography]. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Naukowe PWN. Tobiasz-Lis, P. (2010). Wyobrażenie Łodzi w świadomości mieszkańców w kształtowaniu wizerunku metropolii. In: Suliborski, A. Przygodzki, Z. editors, Łódzka metropolia. Problemy integracji społecznej i przestrzennej [Residents’ image of the city of Łódź in shaping the image of the metropolis. In: Suliborski, A. Przygodzki, Z. editors, Lodz metropolis. Problems of social and spatial integration]. Lodz: Uniwersytet Łódzki: 97–108. Wójcik, M. (2011). Współczesne kierunki i podejścia badawcze w geografii

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Municipal waste recycling in big cities in Poland in the context of ecologisation

.09.005 Seadon J.K. (2010): Sustainable waste management systems. In: Journal of Cleaner Production , 18(16), 1639–1651. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2010.07.009 Sembiring, E. Nitivattananon, V. (2010): Sustainable solid waste management toward an inclusive society: Integration of the informal sector. In: Resources, Conservation and Recycling , 54(11), 802-809.DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.resconrec.2009.12.010 Scheinberg, A. Spies, S. Simpson, M.H. Mol, A.P . (2011): Assessing urban recycling in low-and middle-income countries: Building on

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