Aneesha Satya Bandi, Shashi Meshapam and Pratap Deva
GIS. Journal of Hydrology, 504: 69–79.
Tehrany M.S., Pradhan B., Jebur M.N., Neamah M. 2014. Flood susceptibility mapping using a novel ensemble weights-of-evidence and support vector machine models in GIS. Journal of Hydrology , 512: 332–343.
Vahidnia M.H., Alesheikh A.A., Alimohammadi A., Hosseinali F. 2010. A GIS-based neurofuzzy procedure for integrating knowledge and data in landslide susceptibility mapping. Computers & Geosciences , 36, 9: 1101–1114.
Van A.V.D., Logtmeijer C. 2005. Economic hotspots: visualizing vulnerability to flooding
In the following paper we will discuss about the situation of the Romanian gypsies living in Spain and the main problems involved by their presence in this country. We will analyze the causes that made them emigrate to Spain, together with a historical analysis of this process, the living conditions they have (housing, employment, education...). Also, we will present the social problems they suffer because of their particular culture, other than Spanish, the main settlements where they chosen to live in Spain and social acceptance from the point of view of the Spanish population. The present article is the direct result of a research program that was developed almost two years ago by the Research Center for Regional Development and European Integration of the University of Bucharest, part of a larger research program regarding the ethnic minorities of Romania. The main important aspect of this research is the fact that we used two target groups interviewed both in Romania and Spain and also, we used official information regarding Romanian gypsy located actually on Spanish territory, according with the official Spanish census. This way we managed to gather a large quantity of information and to provide to the reader a closer to reality image of the status of Romanian gypsy presently living inside Spanish border. Also, the novelty brought by this research is the fact that we tried to present the social and integration problems encountered by the Romanian gypsies located in the cities or villages of Spain. The article might be considered a starting point for future research upon this subject.
Ales Rudl, Ivo Machar, Lubos Uradnicek, Ludek Praus and Vilem Pechanec
. Veteran trees in landscape: a methodology for assessing landscape features with special reference to two ancient landscapes. [in:] R. Smithers (ed.) Landscape ecology of trees and forests , Proceeding of the twelfth annual IALE (UK) conference in Cirencester, UK, London: 168–175.
Teoh S.H.S., Symes W.S., Sun H., Pienkowski T., Carraso L.R. 2018. A global meta-analysis of the economic values of provisioning and cultural ecosystem services. Science of the Total Environment , 649: 1293–1298.
Tribot A.S., Deter J., Mouquet N. 2018. Integrating the aesthetic
National parks and protected areas can contribute significantly to the needs of poor people who live in and around them and depend heavily on forest resources for their subsistence. Especially for the rural poor who have limited economic options, use of national park resources are the main source for their survival, giving them direct benefits from food, medicine and forest products. National parks can contribute to maintaining the ecosystem and biodiversity conservation, along with the economic benefits to the local population. National parks and protected areas can play a significant role in climate change mitigation as well. Nevertheless, benefits from these areas are not well recognized in management especially in developing countries by incorporating them for climate change mitigation. Though usually more priority is given to conservation, improvement of livelihood and climate change mitigation can be achieved by integrating national parks into management and policy, and by consideration of the potential of human resources. Thus the integration can improve the poverty situation of local people and help them to adapt to climatic change mitigation strategies. Therefore, management of national parks and protected areas should ensure the participation of local communities and stakeholders.
Claudiu-Sorin Dragomir, Vasile Meita, Daniela Dobre, Emil-Sever Georgescu and Ioan-Sorin Borcia
The main objective of the National Seismic Network for Constructions, operated by the National Institute for Research and Development in Constructions, Urban Planning and Spatial Territorial Development “URBAN-INCERC”, is the monitoring of situations generated by earthquakes or other dangerous sources of vibrations induced in constructions on the entire Romanian territory. The NIRD URBAN-INCERC seismic records obtained in-situ and on buildings were and are extremely important for designers, especially in 1977, 1986 and 1990. It is the largest network in Romania, consisting of some 60 digital acceleration recorders distributed in Bucharest and in the country. This network is strategic from the population safety point of view. Due to the specific seismic hazard and vulnerability, our country shall be in preparation for the impact of a possible earthquake, which cannot be predicted in time domain, but it is possible to occur anytime. To prevent and mitigate negative consequences of such an event, urgent actions are required to ensure structural safety. Given the facts, Romania is in a critical time on strategic options regarding the seismic risks.
Presently, a urgent necessity is the seismic network function in order to get as much as possible strong-motion data for advanced research and to understand why damages in buildings occurred. The next goal is to have more parametric and spectral data for engineering design, as well as to improve the zoning maps, having more stations at reduced distances. If possible, strong-motion micro-zonation data would explain some specific shaking differences, as a future option for local arrays.
The paper presents the necessity, means and requirements of achieving a holistic and integrative concept for the national seismic network of constructions, taking into account geological settings, environmental and local soil conditions on regional profiles, attenuation patterns, architectural and structural patterns, and number of seismic stations in specific seismic zones. Also, a case study of building seismic instrumentation in Bucharest according to the Romanian Seismic Design code, indicative P100-1:2013.
Limited to fourth percent or less of the country’s total land area, Egypt’s agricultural landscape is threatened by the repercussions of climate change, desertification, soil depletion, and looming water scarcity. Outside of the Nile river valley and scattered fertile pockets in the desert oases, the vast majority of land is desert: rocky, parched and unable to support conventional farming. According to Egyptian National Action Program 2005 (ENAP), Egypt covers an area of about one million km2 ~ 100 million hectares, out of which about of 76.5 thousands km2 ~ 7.6% of the total area are inhabited, and the remaining (92.4%) area is desert. Desertification is a very complex process governed by several variables which influence each other. It is thus not possible to conclude for the general picture from a single factor alone. This process has a high rate in arid and hyper-arid countries such as Egypt. The main objective of this research was to evaluation the present-day climate-induced desertification in El-Dakhla Oasis, so in this study, the newest method for evaluating and mapping of desertification was used. The mathematic method was carried out by European Commission (EC), (MEditerranean Desertification And Land Use) at the MEDALUS project and booked as ESAs in 1999 integrated with remote sensing and GIS. All indices of the model were revised before using, and regarding to the region condition these indices were defined as key indices which were: Temperature, precipitation, wind, albedo, ground water and soil benchmark, and each benchmark has some sub-layers getting from their geometric mean. Based on the MEDALUS model, each sub-benchmark was quantified according to its quality and given a weighting of between 1.0 and 2.0. All benchmarks should be reinvestigated and adjusted to local conditions. Ultimately, desertification severity was classified in four level including low, moderate, Severe and high Severe. ArcGIS 10 was used to analysis and prepares the layers of quality maps using the geometric mean to integrate the individual sub-indicator maps. In turn the geometric mean of six quality maps was used to generate a single desertification status map. Remote sensing data have great potential to improve models mapping spatial variability of temperature and precipitation since they are available as time worldwide, and have high spatial resolution. The HYDRA visualization software was used to measure the present surface albedo from MODIS product (MOD43C1). Results showed that 60% of the area is classified as Severe, 14 % as moderate and 12%, 16% as low and none affected by desertification respectively. In addition the climatic variations including rainfall, temperature, sunlight, wind indicators were the most important factors affecting desertification process in El-Dakhla Oasis.
). Integration of landslide susceptibility assessment in urban development: a case study in Predeal town, Romanian Carpathians. Area , 46(4), 377–388. DOI: 10.1111/area.12123.
Nowak, A. & Tokarczyk N. (2013). Evaluation of soil resilience to anthropopressure in Łosie village (Lower Beskids Mts) – preliminary results. Ekol ó gia (Bratislava) , 32(1), 138−147. DOI: 10.2478/eko-2013-0012.
Řehák, D., Sikorová, K. & Senovský P. (2013). Safety assessment for spatial development. Ekológia (Bratislava) , 32(2), 220−241. DOI: 10.2478/eko-2013-0019.
and practice. In M. Potschin, R. Haines-Young, R. Fish & R. Kerry Turner (Eds.), Routledge handbook of ecosystem services (pp. 15−24). London, New York: Routledge.
De Groot, R.S., Alkemade, R., Braat, L., Hein, L. & Willemen L. (2010). Challenges in integrating the concept of ecosystem services and values in landscape planning, management and decision making. Ecological Complexity , 7, 260–272. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecocom.2009.10.006.
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Olexander Zhukov, Olga Kunah, Yulia Dubinina, Yulia Zhukova and Dmytro Ganzha
Chudomelová, M., Zelený, D. & Li Ch.-F. (2017). Contrasting patterns of fine-scale herb layer species composition in temperate forests. Acta Oecol. , 80, 24–31. DOI: 10.1016/j.actao.2017.02.003.
Cottenie, K. (2005). Integrating environmental and spatial processes in ecological community dynamics. Ecol. Lett. , 8, 1175–1182. DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2005.00820.x.
Dallas, T. & Drake J.M. (2014). Relative importance of environmental, geographic, and spatial variables on zooplankton metacommunities. Ecosphere , 5(9), 104. DOI: 10.1890/ES14-00071.1.
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Mocanu-Perdichi Ruxandra (2009), Indexul dezvoltării durabile în România la nivel judeţean şi regional, Revista Inovația Socială nr. 1/2009 (ianuarie‐iunie) pp. 1‐19, Institutul de Cercetare a Calității Vieții, București.
Nogueiro L., Ramos T. B.,(2014), The integration of environmental practices and tools in the Portuguese local public administration, Journal of Cleaner Production, Volume 76, 1 August 2014, Pages 20-31, ISSN 0959-6526.
Perotto Eleonora, Canziani R, Marchesi R, Butelli, Paola, (2008