of people with disabilities are most often equated with the
removal of barriers and integration. Nowadays, virtually every form of social
and economic life should take in account inclusion and removal of barriers.
Urban planning, the design of buildings, communication networks and the
products, tools can be done from the perspective of removing barriers for people
with disabilities. It is crucial to promote a way of thinking aimed at taking into
account the needs of people with disabilities in the creation of all new
there is no application available on the market, which would offer
comprehensive solution for the blind.
Development propositions – integration, cooperation
The analysis shows clearly that there is a need for development in the topic
of solutions supporting the blind. The author tends to list and describe
suggestions for future enhancements that are universally applicable for both the
problems of urbanization and the blind community, since they are connected
with each other in many ways.
Research and development can be considered as a very important element of
trap that closes a person in a communication
ghetto. The choice of an alternative communication method should always
have its deeper justification – psychological, pedagogical, physiological,
ethical or anthropological. When acknowledging teleology and anthropology
as factors determining actions of a special pedagogue it should refer to such
aims-values like integration, self-reliance (autonomy), dignity of a person
2. Building communication environment around a user of alternative and
supportive communication forms – spreading the chosen
design of the sensorimotor path, it will be possible to
use it in various ways in order to integrate various target groups. This will play
a therapeutic role for seniors and the disabled, improving a patient's condition
through rehabilitation. At the same time, the path can be the site of attractive
walks for able persons and children. Through communal care for its aesthetics
and condition, it can become a site that improves family relations, and can also
be conducive to social contact. It can become an area for the exchange of
experiences between dependent
process of integration into
work process. An example of this use is the collaboration of the Ergonomic
laboratory of the Department of Industrial Engineering at the University of
Žilina and the Faculty of Architecture of the Slovak Technical University in the
development of the prototype axial crutch. During the research was used
ErgoPAK system to measure the specific pressure on the underarm when using
classical crutches and these outputs was used to design and testing the prototype
of the new crutches.
These technologies are not without defects or
cushioning of vibrations that
occur during work. An anti-slip ring was added at the base of the handle.
Fig. 7. A handle of a trowel
ERGONOMIC FOR PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES
The main assumption of the authors of the project was to integrate the shape
of a hand with the handle in such a way as to increase the contact surface
of a hand and to allow the change of grip during work (Fig. 8).
Fig. 8. A palette knife
A properly designed handle of a finishing trowel allows for comfortable grip
and easy change of a position
also need interesting and in the same time financially and technologically
accessible objects for supporting the rehabilitation to be used at home. Things
for working at home should meet similar criteria to those used during
therapy classes. A perfect solution would obviously be for a child to own a toy
programmed especially for his/her needs.
It is necessary for the programming process to be simple and fast so that
each parent could do it. Integrating the device with a smartphone or a computer
and the possibility to control it with those things would be
Voice recognition technology has been in existence over several decades but its application in the construction industry has been minimal. Despite the several advantages it offers, its application has been limited to smart building integration only. This study has made a significant contribution by integrating voice recognition technology into key-in building quantities estimation software. The Visual Basic programming language was used to design and code the interface of the voice recognition system and key-in estimating software model. The prototype model continues to have some challenges because it cannot work efficiently in a noisy work environment and there is limited range of vocabulary it can recognize. This paper seeks to challenge the stakeholders of the construction industry to maximize the benefits of voice recognition technology and integrate it into other construction tasks. In addition, future research can consider integrating building information modeling and voice recognition technology.