Introduction. With the advances in chemotherapy, the life expectancy of patients with malignant tumors of bones begins to rise and creates the opportunity for a more conservative treatment of such cases. The main complications after using reconstruction with bone graft are represented by mechanical failure, due to the lack of strong fixation, or biological failure of graft integration. Infection is another complication, patients being usually immunosuppressed. The aim of this study was to investigate a retrospective single center experience of surgically treated malignant bone tumors of long bones, respectively oncological, surgical, and functional outcome differences after biological reconstruction. Materials and methods. Between 2007 and 2017, we conducted a retrospective study, with patients from Elias Orthopaedic Department. 70 patients with malignant tumors were treated. Only in 20 cases, resection-reconstruction was possible. Results. Survival rate at 8-year follow up was 35%. Mechanical failure rate was 20%, graft resorption rate was 25%, and infection rate was 15%. Discussion. Primary malignant tumors of bones are very rare, less than 1% of cancer cases, and yet there is no strict rule for treating these patients in specialized centers. Because of the small sample of patients, the heterogeneity of reconstruction methods and multiple types of grafts, this study also had some limitations. The mechanical or biological complication rate is higher in resectionreconstruction cases. Non-unions, fractures and infections are the most common complications.
Alexander M. Ioscovich, Oksana V. Riazanova and Yurii S. Alexandrovich
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Vlad Predescu, Radu Prejbeanu, Robert Bordea, Adrian Todor, Bogdan Codorean, Mihai Roman, Radu Fleaca, Octav Russu, Tiberiu Bățagă and Bogdan Deleanu
The incidence of ACL tear and reconstruction has increased over time, and failure of ACL reconstruction is not perfectly defined among surgeons. Atraumatic failure of ACL surgery represents approximately 70% of causes, and occurs in diagnostic errors, technical errors and problems of ACL graft integrations. Regarding surgical technique, we should answer certain questions about our choice of surgery, tunnel position, graft type, graft suture, tensioning the graft, and how we deal with certain incidents or intraoperative accidents. The purpose of this article is to review the current information and trends of ACL reconstruction, and presents some tips and tricks we use in our current practice.
Horea Gozar, Alexandru Chira, Örs Nagy and Zoltán Derzsi
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Ion Bogdan Codorean, Ștefania Tănase, Vlad Predescu, Octav Russu, Radu Prejbeanu, Tiberiu Bățagă and Eduard Marcel Cernat
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