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Constitutions, Citizenship and the Challenge of National Integration and Nation-Building in Africa

Refugees in Uganda, 1959–2001 . Kampala, Uganda: Fountain Publishers, 2007. MWAKIKAGILE, Godfrey. Ethnic Politics in Kenya and Nigeria . Huntington, New York: Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 2001. NFOR, N. Nfor. In Chains for My Country: Crusading for the British Southern Cameroons . Bamanda, Cameroon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2014. NKWI, Paul Nchoji, NYAMNJOH, Francis B. (eds.). Regional Balance and National Integration in Cameroon: Lessons Learned and the Uncertain Future . Bamenda, Cameroon: Langaa Research & Publishing CIG, 2011

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The Kelsenian Model of Constitutional Review in Times of European Integration – Reconsidering the Basic Features

, Ondrej, KERIKMAË, Tanel. Indirect Effect of EU Law under Constitutional Scrutiny – the Overview of Approach of Czech Constitutional Court. International and Comparative Law Review , 2016, vol. 16, issue 1 HAMUĽÁK, Ondrej. Lessons from the “Constitutional Mythology” or How to Reconcile the Concept of State Sovereignty with European Integration. DANUBE: Law and Economics Review. 2015, vol. 6, issue 2 HAMUĽÁK, Ondrej. New Fighter in the Ring: The Relationship between European Union Law and Constitutional Law of Member States from the Perspective of the

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European Integration and Czech Sovereignty ‘Synchronized’
Four Basic Arguments in Defence of Preservation of Sovereign Statehood

Abstract

European integration entity ceased to be just a forum for negotiations between independent and sovereign nation states. To some extent it overlaps with the states and becomes their competitor. In this context, the classical concept of state sovereignty loses its original content and meaning. The participation in the integration project opens the question whether it takes away or weakens sovereignty of Member States? This paper puts on four arguments to proof the hypothesis that Czech Republic continues to be a sovereign country even aft er accession to the European Union.

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Euratom and Brexit: Could the United Kingdom Maintain One Foot in the European Union? Current Scenarios and Future Prospects of British withdrawal from the EAEC

Abstract

The paper focuses on the very topical issue of conclusion of the membership of the State, namely the United Kingdom, in European integration structures. The ques­tion of termination of membership in European Communities and European Union has not been tackled for a long time in the sources of European law. With the adop­tion of the Treaty of Lisbon (2009), the institute of 'unilateral' withdrawal was intro­duced. It´s worth to say that exit clause was intended as symbolic in its nature, in fact underlining the status of Member States as sovereign entities. That is why this institute is very general and the legal regulation of the exercise of withdrawal contains many gaps. One of them is a question of absolute or relative nature of exiting from integration structures. Today’s “exit clause” (Art. 50 of Treaty on European Union) regulates only the termination of membership in the European Union and is silent on the impact of such a step on membership in the European Atomic Energy Community. The presented paper offers an analysis of different variations of the interpretation and solution of the problem. It´s based on the independent solution thesis and therefore rejects an automa­tism approach. The paper and topic is important and original especially because in the multitude of scholarly writings devoted to Brexit questions, vast majority of them deals with institutional questions, the interpretation of Art. 50 of Treaty on European Union; the constitutional matters at national UK level; future relation between EU and UK and political bargaining behind such as all that. The question of impact on withdrawal on Euratom membership is somehow underrepresented. Present paper attempts to fill this gap and accelerate the scholarly debate on this matter globally, because all consequences of Brexit already have and will definitely give rise to more world-wide effects.

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Using Patent Development, Education Policy and Research and Development Expenditure Policy to Understand Differences Between Countries – The Case of Estonia and Germany

, FRIETSCH, Rainer, SCHMOCH, Ulrich. Motives to patent: Empirical evidence from Germany. Research Policy , 2006, 35, pp. 655–672. CARLILE, Paul. A Pragmatic View of Knowledge and Boundaries. Organization Science , 2002, 13(4), pp. 442–455. CARLILE, Paul. Transferring, Translating, and Transforming: An Integrative Framework for Managing Knowledge Across Boundaries. Organization Science , 2004, 15(5), pp. 555–568. COZZA, Claudio, SCHETTINO, Francesco. Explaining the Patenting Propensity: A Regional Analysis Using EPO-OECD Data. [online]. Available at

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The Common Agricultural Policy, Its Role in European Integration and Influence on the Enlargements of the Organization (Case Study: Georgia)

Abstract

The article deals with the problematic of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) as the crucial political question related with the European Integration. The authors describes and analysis the role of the CAP within the EU policies, its development form the very beginning of the integration its internal structure, rules of organisation, working system and financial aspects. The close concern is given to the question of the long-term sustainability of CAP and the reform for the next financial period (2014-2020). Th e special part is devoted to the influence of the CAP on the enlargement process with the special impetus to the association of Georgia to the EU.

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Democracy and Financial Crisis Between the Five Presidents Report and the BREXIT: In Search for a New Way?

Summary

In the aftermath of the Brexit, the EU is swinging between a vision of enhanced integration, depicted by the Five Presidents Report, and a decision by the people of one of its leading member states - the UK - to withdraw this alliance, that may be interpreted as a non-confidence vote in the enhanced integration process underlying the EU. This article assumes that non-democratic elements embodied in the measures taken to pull out of the financial crisis and stabilize EU/EMU economies may enhance non-confidence among EU/EMU citizens, serving as incentives for more member states to opt out of this alliance, inspired by the Brexit. While it might have been expected that as the peak of the crisis passed, decision makers would pay more attention to ensure the democratic nature of such measures, comparison of the regulation enacted during the emergency phase and shortly thereafter with later regulation reveals that, despite certain improvements, many non-democratic elements still characterize both the nature of the measures devised and the decision-making processes leading to them. The article suggests that the Brexit should serve as a red light, reinforcing previous criticism calling for improving the democratic nature of such measures and of the decision-making processes involved, to prevent a further drift.

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The Bits in the Age of Globalization

Summary

India’s BIT program is the largest among the developing countries and its integration into the global economy has also increased its exposure to BIT claims. Sev­eral foreign corporations presented ITA notices against various Indian regulatory mea­sures prompting India to suspend all trading of BITs in progress that led to a change in its position in the International investment law regime with repercussions in the International business community eager to participate in its business. These recent developments have then determined the need to review India’s BIT program in a global vision. The paper ‘International Investment Agreements Between India and Others Countries’ (2011), showed the importance of ensuring a balance between investor rights and national policy which India has not been able to make guarantor pushing in differ­ent circumstances to revise their existing BITs and defining new perspectives for future negotiations. The paper reflects on experiences of BITs in a global vision..

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Potential Effect of the Law of Belligerent Occupation on the Applicability of Investment Treaties in Occupied Territories

. Integrationist Perspec­tives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Schwarzenberger, Georg. International Law As Applied By International Courts And Tribunals, Volume Ii. London: Sweet & Maxwell, 1969. Waibel, Michael. International Investment Law And Treaty Interpretation. In Hof­mann, Rainer, Tams, Christian J. (Eds). International Investment Law And Gen­eral International Law : From Clinical Isolation To Systemic Integration? Baden-Baden: Nomos, 2011. Costelloe, Daniel. Treaty Succession In Annexed Territory

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Constitutions and Citizenship: Lessons for African Countries

. BURNS, Sir Alan Cuthbert. History of Nigeria . London, UK: G. Allen & Unwin Ltd., 1963. BUTLER, Jeffrey, ROTBERG, Robert I., ADAMS, John. The Black Homelands of South Africa: The Political and Economic Development of Bophuthatswana and KwaZulu . Berkeley and Los Angeles: The University of California Press, 1978. CARMENT, David, JAMES, Patrick, TAYDAS, Zeynep. Who Intervenes? Ethnic Conflict and Interstate Crisis . Columbus, Ohio: The Ohio State University Press, 2006. CHENG, Lucie. Immigrant Integration in a Polyethnic Society . Honolulu, Hawaii

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