Throughout history, Russia and the EU have always been the key players in the region. However, even though both sides have a massive historical and geographical background, there is still no effective model of RU-EU integration. Furthermore, the power and wealth centers are rapidly moving towards APEC these days, which is a matter of crucial importance for the partners, as Europe loses its positions. The paper includes the number of suggestions about the RU-EU integration, with an emphasis on: previous integration experience, creation of institutional basis, synchronizing the standardization systems, innovation and scientific researches coordination. Moreover, the work also contains the list of possible measures in the fields of energetic trade, CIS policies, with the in-depth analysis of reasons, why the integration is essential for both the Russian Federation and the European Union.
The aim of this paper is to study and to highlight the applicative and interpretive limits of the GDP per capita indicators, when regional economics of the new member countries (EU13), particularly the process of integration of their regions into EU economy is examined in terms of the beta and sigma convergence. The growth of gross domestic product has long been pursued as the main objective of the economic activities of countries and regions. Its growth is seen as almost a guarantee of the proper functioning of the economy. The governments of individual countries, in the event of a decline in GDP, take measures for its recovery. Small attention, however, is given to the fact, whether such an economic development copes with the parameters of sustainable economic growth. Also, little attention is paid to the study of how the previous growth is reflected in the standard of living of the population and households in respective countries and regions.
. Moscow: Ellis Lak, 2013. 680. ISBN 978-5-902152-91-1
Tarasov Impact of globalization and regionalization of the state agricultural market of the emerging Eurasian Economic Union. Report of the international scientificpractical conference „Development of integration processes in the agricultural sector of the Common Economic Space“ October 25, 2013 from: <http://www.vniiesh.ru/news/konferentsii_seminary/9704.html
The order of Board of Administration of the Kemerovo region of 28.03.2012 No. 242-r „About the Concept of development of the
BILA, O. 2013. The Euroregion “Carpatskyj“ as a factor of European integration of Ukraine/ О.С. Btla. In Strategic priorities, vol. 28, 2013, no. 3, 2013 р. Electronic resource. Access mode: http://www.niss.gov.ua/public/File/Str_prioritetu/SP_3_2013.pdf
CHUBAJ-FEDORENKO, G. 2012. Problems of transboarding cooperation of Ukraine in conditions of wide EU/G, Chubaj-Fedorenko. In International relations of Ukraine: sctentific researches and foundations, 2012, no. 21: Interdepartmental collection of scientific works
The goal of this paper is to analyze the dynamics of cooperation of Ukraine with the Visegrad countries with the aim to integrate into the political, economic, legal and humanitarian space in Europe and build the benchmark for system reforms to modernize Ukraine. Therefore, the study of problems of Euroregional cooperation is essential, given the complex circumstances surrounding the modern integration processes. The need to take into account the experience of regional policy of the Visegrad countries in the context of globalization and expansion of the EU influence is undeniable. Multilateral cooperation of Ukraine with the countries of Visegrad during the last decade is characterized by significant achievements. The close historical ties and common foreign policy goals of modern Ukraine and Visegrad laid the foundation for effective development of good neighbourly relations at the present stage and created opportunities for further large-scale cooperation in the future. It is safe to say that Visegrad-Ukrainian relations are rather balanced, thanks to the successful implementation of bilateral and multilateral agreements achieved after the regular meetings at all levels. All this creates a solid foundation for further expansion of this cooperation on the basis of the joint account of the interests of the parties.
Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) originating from agrochemical industries have become an urgent environmental problem worldwide. Ordinary kriging, as an optimal geostatistical interpolation technique, has been proved to be sufficiently robust for estimating values with finite sampled data in most of the cases. In this study, ordinary kriging interpolation integrate with 3D visualization methods is applied to characterize the monochlorobenzene contaminated soil for an agrochemical industrial site located in Jiangsu province. Based on 944 soil samples collected by Geoprobe 540MT and monitored by SGS environmental monitoring services, 3D visualization in terms of the spatial distribution of pollutants in potentially contaminated soil, the extent and severity of the pollution levels in different layers, high concentration levels and isolines of monochlorobenzene concentrations in this area are provided. From the obtained results, more information taking into account the spatial heterogeneity of soil area will be helpful for decision makers to develop and implement the soil remediation strategy in the future.
Hanzhong Jia, Song Zhao, Xiehong Zhou, Chengtun Qu, Daidi Fan and Chuanyi Wang
Pyrolysis is potentially an effective treatment of oily sludge for oil recovery, and the addition of a catalyst is expected to affect its pyrolysis behavior. In the present study, Fe/Al-pillared bentonite with various Fe/Al ratios as pyrolysis catalyst is prepared and characterized by XRD, N2 adsorption, and NH3-TPD. The integration of Al and Fe in the bentonite interlayers to form pillared clay is evidenced by increase in the basal spacing. As a result, a critical ratio of Fe/Al exists in the Fe/Al-pillared bentonite catalytic pyrolysis for oil recovery from the sludge. The oil yield increases with respect to increase in Fe/Al ratio of catalysts, then decreases with further increasing of Fe/Al ratio. The optimum oil yield using 2.0 wt% of Fe/Al 0.5-pillared bentonite as catalyst attains to 52.46% compared to 29.23% without catalyst addition in the present study. In addition, the addition of Fe/Al-pillared bentonite catalyst also improves the quality of pyrolysis-produced oil and promotes the formation of CH4. Fe/Al-pillared bentonite provides acid center in the inner surface, which is beneficial to the cracking reaction of oil molecules in pyrolysis process. The present work implies that Fe/Al-pillared bentonite as addictive holds great potential in industrial pyrolysis of oily sludge.
Ratko Kadović, Yousef Ali Mansour Bohajar, Veljko Perović, Snežana Belanović Simić, Mirjana Todosijević, Sonja Tošić, Milosav Anđelić, Dragan Mlađan and Una Dovezenski
This paper studies the assessment of sensitivity to land degradation of Deliblato sands (the northern part of Serbia), as a special nature reserve. Sandy soils of Deliblato sands are highly sensitive to degradation (given their fragility), while the system of land use is regulated according to the law, consisting of three zones under protection. Based on the MEDALUS approach and the characteristics of the study area, four main factors were considered for evaluation: soil, climate, vegetation and management. Several indicators affecting the quality of each factor were identified. Each indicator was quantified according to its quality and given a weighting of between 1.0 and 2.0. ArcGIS 9 was utilized to analyze and prepare the layers of quality maps, using the geometric mean to integrate the individual indicator map. In turn, the geometric mean of all four quality indices was used to generate sensitivity of land degradation status map. Results showed that 56.26% of the area is classified as critical; 43.18% as fragile; 0.55% as potentially affected and 0.01% as not affected by degradation. The values of vegetation quality index, expressed as coverage, diversity of vegetation functions and management policy during the protection regime are clearly represented through correlation coefficient (0.87 and 0.47).
Diaz-Bonilla , E. - Reca , L. 2000. Trade and agro-industrialization in developing countries, Mimeo, IFPRI Trade and Macroeconomics, Washington, DC.
Erokhin, V. 2010. Russian accession into WTO: new challenges for agriculture. Russian entrepreneurship, vol. 12, 2010, no. 1, p. 11-16.
Erokhin, V. - Ivolga , A. 2011. Entrepreneurship in agriculture: new challenges of international trade integration. Contemporary Agriculture: the Serbian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 60, 2011, no. 3-4, p
-communist economies, vol. 24, 2012, no. 3, pp. 419-432.
Bakucs, Z. - Fert ő, I. - Benedeka , Z. - Molnar, A. 2015. Determinants of Horizontal Milk Producer Price Integration. In 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy (no. 212042). International Association of Agricultural Economists, 2015.
Bakucs, Z. - Bojnec , Š. - Fert ő, I. 2015. Spatial product market integration between two small, open neighbouring economies. In Agribusiness, vol. 31, 2015, no. 2, pp. 171-187.
Bouamra -Mechemache , Z. - Jongeneel, R. - Requillart , V