restricted view on society and citizenship. They live mostly in the countryside, and construe their socio-cultural identity through local and national customs, culture, and traditions, and are afraid that these might be forgotten or even lost because of the influx of immigrants and the advance of European integration. The reason for their defensive attitude is that they are afraid that their socio-cultural identity is threatened by the far-reaching and rapid cultural changes in Dutch society during the last decades. Moreover, they feel abandoned by (national) politics
Third Wave of Modernity . Warszawa: Ministerstwo Administracji i Cyfryzacji. Available at < https://mac.gov.pl/files/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/Strategia-DSRK-PL2030-RM.pdf > [Accessed on: February 20, 2016].
Morel N., Palier B., Palme J. (eds.) (2012). Towards a social investment welfare state? . Bristol: Policy Press.
MPiPS (2004) National Strategy for Polish Social Integration . Warszawa: Ministerstwo Pracy i Polityki Społecznej. Available at < http://www.mpips.gov.pl/userfiles/File/mps/NSIS.pdf > [Accessed on: June 10, 2016].
The paper impacts the current debate on governance system in Poland upon Europeanisation in terms of co-creation of public services at urban and regional level. In this context, it can be a part of a discussion on challenges related to cities’ and regions’ transition from industrial economy, society, city and government, to creative and knowledge-based ones. Due to its dynamic and vibrant character, the item can be also implemented into the debate on social and economic strengths in order to solving urgent problems in cities and city-regions linking to innovation in governance. Its clue is the concept of co-creation, which occupies an important space in the current study of European integration. However, the starting point for the considerations contained in the paper is the observation, that while it is commonly accepted that the co-creation of services with citizens and other non-governmental actors seems to be the most effective action to answer to the need for new social innovations and the growing demand for personalised services, the research agenda linked to this has investigated this aspect regarding Eastern and Central Europe not in an enough extensive way. In this regards, the paper can contribute to the field.
The aim of the paper is to present the results of the general review of key sources concerning existing knowledge in the field of co-creation in Poland, both in domestic science and institutional practice. In the paper author confronted the EU concepts of co-creation of public services, whereby the basis of this approach was the participation of stakeholders in the decision-making processes as a crucial element of co-governance. In the paper a local case study will be discussed on the basis of social housing policy in Wrocław, the 4th biggest city in Poland.
The proposed paper is a part of the international research performed upon the project “Co-Creation of Public Innovation in Europe” (acronym “CoSIE”) financed upon Horizon 2020.
Integrated Territorial Investments (ITIs) are a new integration tool that binds the thematic objectives defined operational programmes with the territorial dimension. Due to their formula, ITIs may be seen as a kind of innovation in sub-regional governance. The European Commission considers them as an opportunity to introduce solutions that can be effective in facing the challenges of contemporary development on a supra-local scale. Accordingly, they should be regarded as a possibility for Member States to activate innovative governance arrangements that will allow for the implementation of projects, which - depending on the country - more or less reflect issues indicated by the Commission as a priority. In Poland, the Integrated Territorial Investments are implemented in 24 functional areas. Due to a new approach to cities and their role in development processes in the country, they can mean a new opening for the urban policy and urban development. Concentrating on innovative governance arrangements, the aim of this paper is to analyze selected case studies of 4 ITIs implemented by large (more than 500,000 inhabitants) provincial cities: Wrocław, Łódź, Gdańsk, Katowice, which are capitals of regions in which one defined a different development potential. Th e analysis will allow the formulation of answers to the following research questions: • Are there any innovative governance arrangements indicated during ITIs implementation? • What are the implemented modes of sub-regional governance? • What is the role and importance of institutional actors in the process of ITIs governance? • What are their new competences linked to the ITIs implementation? • Are there any new products/services related to innovation in sub-regional governance? • Do ITIs consider principles of “good governance” a one of key factors of innovation in governance? Th e paper contains key definitions and points out processes related to the transition of modes of governance at the sub-regional level. It also indicates further challenges in Polish territorial development upon Europeanisation.
Postnikov Evgeny. Cross-border Inter-firm Networks in the European Union‘s Eastern Neighbourhood: Integration via Organizational Learning. Journal of Common Market Studies 2012, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 632-652.
Wojna Beata and Gniazdowski Mateusz. Eastern Partnership: The Opening Report . Warsaw: The Polish Institute of International Affairs, 2009.
Andrew. Europe after the crisis. How to sustain a Common Currency. 91 Foreign Affairs , 54/2012.
Nicolaïdis Kalypso. Our European Demoï-cracy: Is this Constitution a Third Way for Europe?‘ in Nikolaides, Kalypso & Weatherill Stephen. Whose Europe? National Models and the Constitution of the European Union , European Studies at Oxford Series 2003.
O’Brenan John and Tapio Raunio. Deparliamentarisation and European Integration, in (eds.) J. O’Brennan, T. Raunio, National Parliaments within the Enlarged European Union. Abingdon: Routledge, 2007. pp.1
, Disproportionality and Median Correspondence: Implications for Two Visions of Democracy’. British Journal of Political Science . Vol. 30, No. 3, pp. 383-411.
Ray, L. (1999). ‘Measuring Party Orientations Towards European Integration: Results from an Expert Survey’. European Journal Political Research . Vol. 36, pp. 283-306.
Rose, R. & Mossawir, H. (1967). ‘Voting and Elections: A Functional Analysis’. Political Studies . Vol. 15, No. 2, pp. 173-201.
Turska-Kawa, A. & Wojtasik, W. (2010). ‘Postawy, zachowania i decyzje wyborcze jako przedmiot badań empirycznych
Černý (2015) has dealt with the integration of Moslems, as well as the relationship between Moslems and the Czech majority, and placed the Czech case within the broader (Western) European context. Yet, the book does not shed any new light on the position of the main political parties in the country vis-à-vis the Moslems. A collective volume edited by Daniel Topinka (2016b) has presented the newest and the most complex account on the Moslem population in the Czech Republic. The book is a complex study of the Moslem community, showing its internal diversity as well
into claims of the national wholes, but it did not contradict them. The boundaries between the identities of one language circuit and the other were blurred and, in the cultural sense, they did not seem to compete. Thus, the initial illusory concept of nationalism was broadened as a tool for positive integration of the individual ethnic groups, which does not complicate, and which facilitates, the process of general fraternization.
The combination of idealistic notions integrating language and constitutional identity was maturing in its speculative, yet politicized