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Sport for All Frail Bodies

Abstract

Sport for All is a universal Olympic idea adopted by supranational institutions such as the Council of Europe, UNESCO, and the UN. Measures that need to be taken to ensure that all people have an equal opportunity to be included in sport are analyzed and discussed based upon a survey of sports and exercise participation in Denmark with a special focus upon people with impairments. The prevailing point of view is a special needs approach to sports participation, whether it is oriented towards separate or integrated forms of organization. It is often unclear whether this approach is aiming for equality of outcome, equality of chance or just a minimum threshold for sports and exercise activity. However, if we adopt a universal approach to Sport for all, then the focus is not on differences among people, but upon the commonalities among human beings in light of their diversity. This approach is associated with the understanding of “universal design” in the UN‟s Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the WHO‟s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. In conclusion, it is highlighted that a more inclusive Sport for All movement is preferable to a segregated or integrated disability sport, provided the persons concerned have a say in every case.

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The Sport for All Ideal: A Tool for Enhancing Human Capabilities and Dignity

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Agon Lost – or in Disguise? A Commentary

, 10-45. MacMillan, M. (2005): History’s People – Personalities and the past . London: Profile Boks. Meredith, M. (2005). The State of AFRICA . Simon & Schuster UK Ltd. Wikipedia (2018). Pussy Riot . Retrieved September 16, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pussy_Riot Warshaw, A. (2018). Pussy Riot pitch invaders jailed for 15 days for human rights protest . Retrieved September 16, from http://www.insideworldfootball.com/2018/07/17/pussy-riot-pitch-invaders-jailed-15-days-human-rights-protest/ Wilde, L.W. (1999). On the trail

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Oarsmen's Views about the Effects of Training on their Daily Lives. Applying Goffman's Theory in the Rowing Communes.

. England. Johns, D., Johns, J. (2000) Surveillance, subjectivism and technologies of power: An analysis of the discursive practice of high - performance sport. International Review for the Sociology of Sport , 35, 2, 219-234. Kidd, B., Donnelly, P. (2000). Human Rights in Sports. International Review for the Sociology of Sport , 35, 2, 131-148. King, A (1997). The lads: Masculinity and the new consumption of football. Sociology , 31, 2, 329-346. Korchia, N. (2001

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Love, Rights, and Solidarity: Sports’ Potential for Recognition

/Vulnerability and inviolability: Philsophical-anthropological determined human rights/. Nordisk tidsskrift for menneskerettigheter / Nordic Journal of Human Rights /, 26(3), 244-258. McNamee, M.J. (2008). Sports, Virtues and Vices: Morality Plays . London: Routledge. Meier, K.V. (1988). Embodiment, Sport and Meaning. In W.J. Morgan, & K.V. Meier (Eds.), Philosophic Inquiry in Sport (pp. 93-101). Champaigne, Illinois: Human Kinetics Publishers. Morgan, W.J. (1994). Leftist Theories of Sport: A Critique and Reconstruction . Urbana: University of Illinois

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Social Problems in Canadian Ice Hockey: An Exploration Through Film

.R. 591. R. v. Maki, [1970] 16 D.L.R. (3d) 137. R. v. McSorley, [2000] B.C.J. 1993. Rhind, D., Cook, E., and Dorsch, K.D. (2013). Looking at youth hockey from a human rights perspective, Sport and Society, 16(3), 254-266. Robidoux, M. (2012). Stickhandling through the margins: First Nations hockey in Canada. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Robinson, L. (1998). Crossing the line: Sexual harassment and abuse in Canada's national sport. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart. Rovell, D. (2004). “NFL Reaction to Series a Factor in Cancellation.” ESPN

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Political Relation among the State and International Sports Organizations: The 2014 FIFA World Cup Event in Brazil

References Anjos, L.A., Dantas, M.M., & Santana, T.J.S. (2013). World Cup, manifestations and the occupation of the public space, Motrivivência, (41), 13-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8042.2013v25n41p13. Articulação Nacional dos Comitês Populares da Copa. (2011). Megaevents and Human Rights Violations in Brazil - Dossier. Bobbio, N. (1996) Theory of legal order. Brasília: Publisher of the University of Brasilia. Bonavides, P. (2000). Political Science (10ª ed.). São Paulo: Malheiros

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