aspect to the history of humanitarianism and humanrights. Important advocates of this are found in: Thomas W. Lacquer: »Bodies, Details and the Humanitarian Narrative«, in: Lynn Hunt (ed.): The New Cultural History, Berkeley 1989, pp. 176–204; Lynn A. Hunt: Inventing HumanRights. A History, New York 2007; Aleida Assmann / Ines Detmers (eds.): Empathy and Its Limits, Basingstoke 2016.
As a matter of fact, it should not come as a surprise that historians invest their energy in analysing the role emotions played in history. History is, as the German historicist
The Viennese citizen who had used the phrase »halfwitted magistrates« defended his speech act with the right to free expression as guaranteed by the HumanRights Convention (HRC), which was ratified in Austria in 1958 and upgraded to the level of constitutional principle (Verfassungsrang) in 1964. Indeed, Article 10 of the HRC guarantees every person »the right to freedom of expression. This right shall include freedom to hold opinions«, as the HRC states. HRC Art. 10, para. 1. Was the Viennese citizen’s speech act covered by the stipulations of the HRC? The judges
questionnaires on the quality of public service provision and on the competence of civil servants, among others. Sources include organizations like Gallup, Afrobarometer or the HumanRights Database. A full list of all sources and used to construct the indicators can be found in Daniel Kaufmann, Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi, »Governance Matters VIII: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators 1996–2008«, in: World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series 4987 (2009). A caveat: Aggregate measures like the Governance Indicators are problematic for at least two reasons