HumanRights and the Sacred Space of Society
The sociologist Hans Joas argues in Die Macht des Heiligen (2017) that by studying the place of the sacred within the secular society, we may observe how it interrupts and changes the society from within. Whereas many nations have constructed the nation as sacred during the 20th century and still do so today, Joas argues that this is a false sacralization, which leads to violence, militarism, and in some cases totalitarianism. According to Joas, humanrights represent an alternative to this story of the
Somalian leader Siad Barre from attacking its territory. Paradoxically, agreement was signed under the presidency of Carter, who wished to overcome the Cold War logic and introduce to US–Africa policy new issues such as development, humanrights and majority rule in Southern Africa. The revolution in Iran and the Soviet invasion to Afghanistan changed the international environment and pushed Carter toward accepting the Cold War logic ( Waters 2009 , lxii-lxiv).
Reagan continued with this hardline realism and aimed to defeat the Soviet Union. Kenya remained one of the
The Polish socialist movement has undergone various stages of development over more than 100 years of history. In the first half of the 20th century it was, to a large extent, identified with European Social Democracy. After the Second World War and the seizure of power in Poland by the communists, the socialist movement was replaced by a communist ideology that completely distorted the authentic democratic socialism and appropriated the values it represented. The unmasking of communist counterfeits was dealt with by the Polish émigré activist – Adam Ciołkosz, who as active politician and theoretician of socialism, showed a special activity in the contestation of communism. His views as an authentic Social Democrat had a significant impact on the political thought of the Polish socialist movement outside Poland. Ciołkosz, as an anti-Communist, represented such values as: respect for human rights and social justice, humanistic sensitivity, Christianity and above all socialism. At the same time, he promoted the need to fight communism and expose the criminal ideology. He pointed to the need to introduce a system of social justice (i.e. democratic socialism).
civic rights. They are also included in a “decent consultation hierarchy,” and they are able to influence the political decisions from this position ( Rawls 1999 , 75-77). However, Kazanistan deviates in important respects from liberal ideals.
The contrast between a cosmopolitan, liberal global order and the Society of Peoples that Rawls favors became clear when Rawls discussed humanrights. In The Law of People ., Rawls only included “urgent humanrights,” i.e. freedom from slavery, liberty of conscience and security of ethnic groups from mass murder and genocide
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the Crimean authorities in the search for missing people. Initially, the group was able to conduct a dialog with the authorities ( Kontaktnaya gruppa...2014 ), but in 2016, when the searches and arrests of Crimean Tatars took massive forms, the authorities stopped all contacts with the group. As a result, it went through reorganization and reorientation and made an emphasis on humanrights and charity initiatives.
When the Crimean contact group has been transformed into the ‘Crimean solidarity,’ it united families of more than 20 arrested and detained Crimean
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