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Determinants of gestational weight gain with special respect to maternal stature height and its consequences for newborn vital parameters

References Abeysena C, Jayawardana P. 2010. Maternal and social determinants of excessive weight gain during pregnancy: A cohort study. Int J Coll Res Internal Med & Public Health 2:348-59. Adegboye ARA, Rossner S, Neovius M, Lourenco PMC, Linne Y. 2010. Relationship between prenatal smoking cessation, gestational weight gain and maternal life style characteristics. Women Birth 23:29-35. Aliyu MH, Luke S, Wilson RE, Saidu R, Alio AP, Salihu HM, Belogolovkin V. 2010.Obesity in older mothers, gestational

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Exercise in Pregnancy: Effect on Obesity Parameters in Indian Women – A Randomized Controlled Trial

-INDIAB study (Phase-1) [ICMR-INDIAB-5]. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 11: 26, 2014. 10. Anjana RM, Sudha V, Lakshmipriya N et al. Physical activity patterns and gestational diabetes outcomes – The wings project. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 116: 253-262, 2016. 11. Banjare JB, Bhalerao S. Obesity associated non communicable disease burden. Int J Health Allied Sci 5: 81-87, 2016. 12. Kraschnewski JL, Chuang CH, Downs DS et al. Association of Prenatal Physical Activity and Gestational Weight Gain: Results from the First Baby Study. Womens Health Issues 23

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The impact of maternal age on foetal growth patterns and newborn size

Abstract

The association patterns between maternal age and foetal growth parameters as well as newborn size were analysed using a dataset of 4737 singleton term births taking place at the Viennese Danube hospital. Foetal growth patterns were reconstructed by the results of three ultrasound examinations carried out at the 11th/12th, 20th/21th and 32th/33thweek of gestation. In detail, crown-rump length, biparietal diameter, fronto-occipital diameter, head circumference, abdominal transverse diameter, abdominal anterior-posterior diameter, abdominal circumference, and femur length were determined. Birth weight, birth length and head circumference were measured immediately after birth. Young teenage mothers (≤15 years), older adolescent mothers (16-19 years), mothers of optimal age range (20-35 years) and mothers of advanced age (>35 years) differed significantly in body height, pre-pregnancy weight status and gestational weight gain. Surprisingly, the foetuses of young adolescent mothers were the largest ones during first trimester. During the second and third trimester however, the foetuses of mothers of optimal age range (20-35 years) and mothers older than 35 years showed larger biometric dimensions than adolescent mothers. According to multiple regression analyses, maternal age was significantly related to Foetal head size (ß =-0.04; 95% CI = -0,08 - 0.01; p=0.034) and abdominal dimensions (ß= 0.03; 95% CI = 0.01-0.05; p=0,011) during the second trimester and to birthweight (ß= -0.03; 95% CI= -4.40 - 0.04; p=0.050). The associations however, are quite weak and the statistical significance is maybe due to the large sample size. At the time of birth, offspring of mothers of optimal age range (20 to 35 years) is significantly larger than that of adolescent mothers and mothers of advanced age. Mothers of advanced age showed the significantly highest (p=<0.0001) prevalence (5.6%) of SGA newborns (<2500g). The small size of newborn among young adolescent mothers may be due to a competition over nutrients between the still growing mothers and the foetuses during the third trimester, while placental ageing may be responsible for smaller size of offspring among mothers of advanced age.

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Prevalence of obesity, central obesity, and associated socio-demographic variables in Syrian women using different anthropometric indicators

factors associated with obesity among women in Saudi Arabia. In: AO Musaiger, ed. Obesity in the Arab World. Bahrain: Arab Center for nutrition. Musaiger AO. 2011. Overweight and obesity in the Eastern Mediterranean region: prevalence and possible causes. J Obes. Article ID 407237. doi: 10.1155/2011/407237. Oson CM, Strawderman MS, Hinton PS, Pearson TA. 2003. Gestational weight gain and postpartum behaviors associated with weight change from early pregnancy to 1 y postpartum. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 27

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Bone Mineral Density in Children From Anthropological and Clinical Sciences: A Review

computed x-ray densitometry. J Pediatr Gastr Nutr 23(2):130-134. Hartikainen H, Maleta K, Kulmala T, Ashorn P. 2005. Seasonality of gestational weight gain and foetal growth in rural Malawi. East Afr Med J 82(6):294-99. Heaney RP, Abrams S, Dawson-Hughes B, Looker A, Marcus R, Matkovic V et al. 2000. Peak bone mass. Osteoporos Int 11(12):985-1009. Holger W, Blimkie CJR, Cowell Ct, Kemp AF, Briody J, Wiebe P et al. 2003. A comparison of bone geometry and cortical density at the mid-femur between prepuberty and young adulthood using magnetic resonance imaging. Bone

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Macrosomia. A Systematic Review of Recent Literature

and maternal risk of future diabetes, Diabetes Res Clin 114: 99-105, 2016 11. Ogonowski J, Miazqowski T. Intergenerational transmission of macrosomia in women with gestational diabetes and normal glucose tolerance. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol 195: 113-6, 2015 12. Yang S, Xiong C, Yang R et al. Parental Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Risk of Macrosomia: A population based case-control study in China. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 29(5): 462-71, 2015 13. Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Martin CR, Stark AR

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Observational Case-Control Study on The Risk Factors of Fetal Macrosomia and Fetal-Maternal Associated Pathology

cohort study. Midwifery 30(12): 1202-9, 2014 11. Yang S, Xiong C, Yang R et al. Parental Body Mass Index, Gestational Weight Gain, and Risk of Macrosomia: a population-based case-control study in China. Paediatr Perinat Epidemiol 29(5): 462-71, 2015 12. Eichenwald EC, Hansen AR, Martin CR, Stark AR. Cloherty and Starks Manual of Neonatal Care , 8-th edition: pp: 1-14; 64-93, 2016 13. Kulkarni SR, Kumaran K, Rao SR et al. Maternal lipids are as important as glucose for fetal growth: findings from the Pune Maternal Nutrition Study. Diabetes

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Home Based Exercise Intervention in Pregnant Indian Women: Effects on Weight and Obesity Markers

. 31. Pawalia A, Kulandaivelan S, Savant S, Yadav VS. Exercise in pregnancy: Effect on obesity parameters in Indian women - a randomized controlled trial. Rom J Diabetes Nutr Metab Dis 24(4): 315-323, 2017. 32. Nobles C, Marcus BH, Stanek EJ et al. The Effect of an Exercise Intervention on Gestational Weight Gain: The Behaviors Affecting Baby and You (B.A.B.Y.) Study: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Am J Health Promot 32(3): 736-744, 2018. 33. Phelan S, Jankovitz K, Hagobian T, Abrams B. Reducing excessive gestational weight gain

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Risk Factors For Gestational Diabetes – An Update

: 194-203, 2009. 17. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists . ACOG Committee opinion no. 548: weight gain during pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol 121: 210-212, 2013. 18. Gibson KS, Waters TP, Catalano PM . Maternal weight gain in women who develop gestational diabetes mellitus. Obstet Gynecol 119: 560-565, 2012. 19. Hedderson MM, Gunderson EP, Ferrara A . Gestational weight gain and risk of gestational diabetes mellitus. Obstet Gynecol 115: 597-604, 2010. 20. Jimenez-Moleon JJ, Bueno-Cavanillas A, Luna-del-Castillo JD, Lardelli

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Omega – 3 fatty acids in schizophrenia – part I: importance in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia

gestational weight gain on body composition of full-term neonates. Am J Perinatol. 2014; 31(10): 875-82. 112. Hedelin M., Löf M., Olsson M., Lewander T., Nilsson B., Hultman C.M., Weiderpass E. Dietary intake of fish, omega-3, omega-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin D and the prevalence of psychotic-like symptoms in a cohort of 33,000 women from the general population. BMC Psychiatry. 2010;10: 38. 113. Henderson D.C., Borba C.P., T.B., Boxill R., Nguyen D.D., Culhane M.A., Louie P., Cather C., Eden Evins A., Freudenreich O., Taber S.M., Goff D.C. Dietary

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