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Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.

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Investments in Recreational and Sports Infrastructure aS A Basis for the Development of Sports Tourism On the Example of Spa Municipalities

competitiveness of tourist services in spa towns . Kraków-Krynica: Instytut Turystyki w Krakowie Sp. z o.o., Stowa-rzyszenie Gmin Uzdrowiskowych R P. [in Polish] 11. Hadzik A., Kantyka J., Szromek A. (2009). Health tourism and wellness as modern forms of Spa tourism . In J. Bergier (Ed.), Wellness and success (pp. 97-112). Lublin: NeuroCentrum. 12. Górna J. (2011). Determinants and development trends of spa services in Poland, considering integration with the European Union . Doctoral thesis. Politechnika Czêstochowska, Czê-stochowa. [in Polish]

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The Vocational Skills of Graduates with a Degree in Tourism and Recreation in the Context of the National Qualifications Framework

. [in Polish] 4. The Minister of Science and Higher Education. (2011). The regulation on the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education. Warsaw: Journal of Laws No. 253, item 1520. [in Polish] 5. Krasniewski A. (2011). Preparation of a curriculum in accor­dance with the requirements of the National Qualifications Framework for Higher Education. Warsaw: MNiSW. [in Pol­ish] 6. The European Qualifications Framework for life-long learn­ing (EQF). (2009). Luxembourg: The Publications Office of the European Union

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Recreational Physical Activity of International Sports Events Fans
Physical activity of sports events fans

. (2002). The opinion of cit­izens of six European countries on Physical activity. Project „Bridging East - West Health Onlooker”. Medycyna Sporto­wa 18(5), 169-174. [in Polish] Martinez-Gonzalez, M., Martinez J.A., Hu F.B., Gibney M.J. & Kearney J. (1999). Physical inactivity, sedentary lifestyle and obesity in the European Union. International Journal of Obesity 23, 1192-1201. Mogila-Lisowska, J. (2010). Recreational physical activity of adult Poles - conditions and style of participation. Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish

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Mini Trampoline Exercises And The Functional Capacity Of Patients With Spinal Pain

Literature 1. Osiński W. (2013). Gerokinesiology – the science and practice of physical activity for the elderly . Warszawa: PZWL. [in Polish] 2. Szpringer M., Wybraniec-Lewicka B., Czerwiak B., Michalska M., Krawczyńska J. (2008). Falls and injuries in geriatic age. Studia Medyczne 9, 77-81. [in Polish] 3. Kryńska E., Szukalski P. (2013). Active ageing measures in European Union countries. Final report . Łódź: Universytet Łódzki. [in Polish] 4. Department of Health and Social Services (2007) National Health Programme for the years

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Applying the Health Belief Model in Explaining the Stages of Exercise Change in Older Adults

., Damkjaer S., Engstron L.M. (1992). Stages of change towards physical activity in a nationally representative sample in the European Union. Public Health Nutrition 2, 115-124. 17. Nishida Y., Suzuki H., Wang D.H., Kira S. (2003). Psychological determinants of physical activity in Japanese female employees. Journal of Occupational Health 45, 15-22. 18. Tai-Seale T. (2003). Stage of change specific triggers and barriers to moderate physical activity. American Journal of Health Behavior 2, 219-227. 19. Sas-Nowosielski K

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Participation in Competitive Sport and Sport Leisure Among Working Inhabitants of Warsaw Based on Selected Groups

. Bottenburg, M. van, Rijnen B. & et al. (2005) Sports participation in the European Union. Trends and differences. Arko Sports Media. Krawczyk, Z. (2000). Sport in Changing Society. Warsaw: AWF Warszawa. [in Polish] Mussino, A. (1999). Conceptual and operational problems in measuring participation in Sports, Bulletin 52 nd Session of the International Statistical Institute, Helsinki http://www.stat.fi/isi99/proceedings/arkisto/varasto/muss0846.pdf http

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Quality of Life and Its Correlates in Students of a University of the Third Age

. Muszalik M., Kędziora-Kornatowska K. (2006). Quality of life in the chronically ill elderly. Gerontologia Polska 14, 185-189. [in Polish] 10. Bilotta C., Bowling A., Nicolini P. (2011). Older people’s quality of life (OPQOL) scores and adverse health outcomes at a one-year follow-up. A prospective cohort study on older outpatients living in the community in Italy. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 9, 72. DOI: 10.1186/1477-7525-9-72. 11. Miłkowska G. (2012). A sense of quality of life of seniors in selected European Union member countries

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Physical Culture Patterns in the Lifestyle of the Polish Society

. Krawczyk (Eds.), The values and patterns of youth's physical culture (pp. 12-25). Warszawa: AWF. [in Polish] Żiżka-Salamon D., Winiarski R. (2002). The values of the body considered and implemented by the school children of Krakow. Wychowanie Fizyczne i Sport 46, 525-537.[in Polish] Znaniecki F. (1973). Sociology of Education, vol. II, Personal development of juveniles. Warszawa: PWN. [in Polish] Kluzowa K., Palus J., Wronicz J. (2011). Sexual education in Poland and in the European Union. Wychowawca 2011(6), 24-27. [in

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Sport and other motor activities of Warsaw students

://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_213_report_en.pdf European Commission (2010) The citizens of the European Union and Sport, Special Eurobarometer 213/62.0. http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_334_en.pdf Gratton C. (ed.; 1999) COMPASS, UK Sports Council, British Sports Council, Italian National Olympic Committee, pp. 13-14. Kraut A. S., S. Melamed, D. Gofer, P. Froom (2003) Effect of school age sports on leisure time physical activity in adults. The CORDIS Study. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 35

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