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Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Challenges for the European SPA Management. Results of the ILIS Project

Introduction. The spa industry has been rapidly growing throughout Europe in recent years, which has led to an associated increase in educational demand in spa management. The aim of the study was to identify the most important needs for training and the most significant skills among the spa managers and their personnel throughout Europe. Moreover, it was to research the background of spas were the study had taken place. Material and methods. 30 managers took part in semi structured interviews that used a pre-prepared questionnaire. The answers were analysed with Wilcoxon signed rank test and also the mean values were compared. Results. The needs for training and importance of skills vary from country to country but common areas of interest are: sales, marketing, quality and innovation management, legal regulations, operational and social skills. The complex character of answers to questionnaire was a result of different spa business models and differing domestic spa markets as well as variety of legal environments. Conclusions. Spa tourism creates a significant income among the other tourism disciplines since that further research is needed. Demands for the spa education differed accordingly to a stage of each country spa business development. Spa managers tend to express higher training needs for their employees than for themselves.

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Can We Talk about European Public Policy in the Field of Sport?

References Citizens of the European Union and sport (2004). Special Eurobarometer 213. At http://ec.europa.eu/public_opinion/archives/ebs/ebs_213_report_en.pdf Code of Sport Ethics (2001). Council of Europe. European Sports Charter (1992; 2001). Council of Europe. Independent European Sport Review (2006). Report by: José Luis Arnaut, Executive Summary. October 2006. Meny, Y., Thoening, J.C. (1989). Politiques Publiques. Editions

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Competitiveness of Travel and Tourism in Selected Countries

/sustainability: Brazilian perspectives. Revista de Administração Pública , 44(5), 1049–1066. Šenkova, A., Mitrikova, J., & Antolikova, S. (2015). Analysis of the selected trends in tourism and hotel industry in the Slovak republic in 1989–2000. Економiчний часопис-XXI , 1–2(1), 62–65. Šambronská, K., Matušíková, D., Šenková, A., & Mitríková, J. (2016). Comparison of tourism performance in chosen European countries with the accent to Slovak Republic in the period before and after accession to European Union membership at the beginning of 21st century. Ecoforum Journal , 5

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Special Interest Tourism in the Czech Republic: Introduction and Overview

.1177/0047287505276588. Michalena, E., & Tripanagnostopoulos, Y. (2010). Contribution of the solar energy in the sustainable tourism development of the Mediterranean islands. Renewable Energy , 35(3), 667–673. DOI: 10.1016/j.renene.2009.08.016. Montalto V., Tacao Moura C. J., Alberti V., Panella F., & Saisana M. (2019). The Cultural and Creative Cities Monitor. 2019 edition . Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg. ISBN 978–92–76–08807–3. DOI: 10.2760/257371. Nature Conservation Agency of the Czech Republic. (2019). Retrieved October 22, 2019 from https

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Models of Organisation of Youth Elite Sports Training System in Europe

References Combining sports and education: Support for athletes in the EU Member States. Working Paper. European Parliament, Directorate - General for Research, Education and Culture Series. EDUC 114 EN, Luxembourg, 2003. Consolidated versions of the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union (2008) 6655/1/08 REV 1 Council Of The European Union. Brussels, 30 April 2008. Declaration on the specific characteristics of sport and its social function

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Youth Volunteering in Sport: A Case Study of The Benefits of “The European Voluntary Service” for a Sport Organization

, Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-in-action-programme/doc82_en.htm European Commission (2011d). http://ec.europa.eu/youth/youth-in-action-programme/european-voluntary-service_en.htm European Union (2010). Volunteering in the European Union, Final Report, GHK, 17 th February, Brussels, Retrieved from: http://ec.europa.eu/citizenship/pdf/doc1018_en.pdf Groll, M., Koopmann, O., Hansch, K. (2008). A status-report within the scope of the project “Sport in Europe - social, political, organizational, legal transparency in Europe”, German Sports University

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Motivations for Tourism Shopping in Department Stores: An Exploratory Research about Tourists’ Profiles Visiting El Corte Inglés Gaia

Abstract

Shopping forms a part of tourism activity. It can be the main motivation to travel (shopping tourism), or a parallel tourist action (tourism shopping). Existing literature explores the attributes of products that tourists look for, as souvenirs. However, department stores are increasingly prominent on tour itineraries and promoted by tour guides, exploring the trend of purchasing luxury goods in tourism experience. This study identifies the profile and motivations of tourists to shop in department stores, whose main products refer to global luxury brands and do not show the authenticity of the destination.

The research was developed in the department store El Corte Inglés Gaia, the only department store in the Porto destination. A survey was applied in the store during four days to 210 tourists who contacted the tourism office of the store. The results show that purchasing is not the main motivation for travelling, but it is an important activity. The department store is chosen for tourism shopping because of the quality and variety of products and services, personal selling and the advantages of tax refund for non-residents in the European Union. The paper contributes with the idea that shopping should be seen as an important activity in tourism and retailers should enhance the provision of differentiated services and experiences rather than just the authenticity of local products.

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Investments in Recreational and Sports Infrastructure aS A Basis for the Development of Sports Tourism On the Example of Spa Municipalities

competitiveness of tourist services in spa towns . Kraków-Krynica: Instytut Turystyki w Krakowie Sp. z o.o., Stowa-rzyszenie Gmin Uzdrowiskowych R P. [in Polish] 11. Hadzik A., Kantyka J., Szromek A. (2009). Health tourism and wellness as modern forms of Spa tourism . In J. Bergier (Ed.), Wellness and success (pp. 97-112). Lublin: NeuroCentrum. 12. Górna J. (2011). Determinants and development trends of spa services in Poland, considering integration with the European Union . Doctoral thesis. Politechnika Czêstochowska, Czê-stochowa. [in Polish]

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Everyday Physical Education: Functional and Dysfunctional Consequences in Hungarian Public Education

Education Act on the School Activity of the Physical Education Teachers. Physical Cultureand Sport Studies and Research, 46, 123-129. DOI: 10.2478/v10141-009-0010-4 European Commission (2007). White paper on sport. Brussels, 11 July 2007. European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice (2013). Physical Education and Sportat School in Europe. Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. European Union (2008). EU Physical Activity Guidelines. Brussels, 10 December 2008. Green, K., Hardman, K

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Leisure-time Physical Activity Among Different Social Groups of Estonia: Results of the National Physical Activity Survey

Culture (2011). Sport for All Development Plan 2011-2014. Tallinn. European Commission (2004). The citizens of the European Union and sport. Brussels: European Commission/Directorate General for Education & Culture (EC/DGEC). European Commission (2010). Sport and Physical Activity (Special Eurobarometer 334). Brussels: European Commission. Farrell, L., Hollingsworth, B., Propper, C., Shields, M.A. (2013). The Socioeconomic Gradient in Physical Inactivity in England. Working paper no 13/311. Retrieved February 24, 2015

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